Archive for the ‘Industry 4.0’ Category

TVET to meet industry needs

Sunday, September 10th, 2017
Azhar (foreground, third from left) speaking to MJII Robotic and Automation Year Two student Amirah Zalifah Ab Rahman (right) after the launch. With him are Mara Council members Datuk Ariss Samsudin and Datuk Johan Abd Aziz (left and second left).

Azhar (foreground, third from left) speaking to MJII Robotic and Automation Year Two student Amirah Zalifah Ab Rahman (right) after the launch. With him are Mara Council members Datuk Ariss Samsudin and Datuk Johan Abd Aziz (left and second left).

MORE educationists and institutions are realising the importance of technical and vocational education and training (TVET).

One of them is Majlis Amanah Rakyat (Mara), which believes that through TVET, the Government’s National Transformation 2050 (TN50) initiative can be achieved.

It is confident that the the economic and technological development of the country can be realised with TVET.

In its effort to achieve this, Mara recently launched an Industrial Centre of Excellence (ICoE) in the field of Electronic Engineering at the Mara-Japan Industrial Institute (MJII) in Beranang, Selangor.

Mara director-general Azhar Abdul Manaf congratulated MJII for their effort. “MJII has earned international recognition as a ‘MikroTik Academy’.

“The institution has also become a ‘LabVIEW Academy’ collaborator with Mara and National Instruments, which focuses on graphic software programming, testing and measurement instrumentation.

“By establishing these academies, students will be prepared with a curriculum that is aligned to industry needs, besides obtaining international recognition as an added value to their engineering diploma,” he said at Mara’s Industry and Institution Engagement 2017 programme.

The certification is also open to students from other higher learning institutions, as well as those in the workforce who wish to enhance their curriculum vitae.

Azhar said the additional certificate students receive will be able to accommodate the market demand for skilled manpower.

Mara also has ICoE’s located in other centres which focuses on specific areas such as Plant Design and Modelling Excellent Centre in Kolej Kemahiran Tinggi Mara (KKTM), Kemaman, Terengganu, Additive Manufacturing Research and Innovation Centre in KKTM Kuantan, Pahang and International Welding Inspection & Certification Centre in Institut Kemahiran Mara in Jasin, Melaka among others.

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Industry 4.0: The future is here

Friday, September 8th, 2017

Malaysia cannot afford to lag in a world facing swift, exponential change driven by technological innovation.

AS early as the 6th century BC, Greek philosopher Heraclitus noted this certainty: the only constant thing in the world is change.

Since then, the world has undergone tremendous changes.

Today, it has segued into yet another monumental era – the fourth industrial revolution, Industry 4.0, the name given to the latest evolution in the digitisation and automation of manufacturing processes.

It incorporates advanced sensors, machine-to-machine communication links, 3-D printing, robotics, artificial intelligence, big data analytics and cloud computing technology.

These cyber-physical platforms monitor factory processes and make decentralised, self-governing decisions, leading to “intelligent” or “smart” factories.

Industry 4.0 covers the entire value chain, including suppliers, procurement, design, logistics and even sales, resulting in higher productivity and flexibility.

There is less wastage or storage, better monitoring and maintenance of machinery, and improved security and safety.

The first industrial revolution started in the late 18th century with the shift from human or animal power to machines run by water or steam.

The second occurred between 1870 to 1914 with the introduction of electricity, and the rise of the steel and oil industries, triggering the era of mass production of goods and vehicles.

The third significant shift began in the 1960s with the entry of the first programmable logistic controllers and early versions of computers, boosting automation and control of production lines.

This spurred the extensive use of computer networks, and the eventual birth of the Internet changed the world in ways that no one could have imagined.

Industry 4.0 is a German strategic initiative mooted in 2011 under its High-Tech Strategy 2020 and adopted two years later.

It is aimed at revolutionising the manufacturing industry, by switching from centralised to decentralised networks under which connected equipment and devices communicate with each other to analyse and respond to information received.

In the United States, the term “Internet of Things” (IoT) is used for networks of computers, scanners and other devices collecting and dispensing information to end-users in homes and companies.

Application of the IoT in manufacturing is referred to as the Industrial Internet of Things, or just Industrial Internet.

In Britain, the preferred reference is Fourth Industrial Revolution, while in Russia, it is “Advanced Manufacturing”.

China has its “Made in China 2025”, which has a broader scope to bridge the gaps and uneven matches between the quality and efficiency of its rising number of manufacturers.

There is much confusion over these interconnected terms. What is clear, though, is the global acceptance of this significant technological advance.

Sadly, Malaysia has been rather slow to embrace it, compared with Vietnam or Thailand which already have Industry 4.0 policy frameworks.

The Malaysian Government is still in the process of formulating the National Industry 4.0 Blueprint, which is expected to be ready before the end of 2017.

The cost of adopting Industry 4.0 is the main reason for small and medium industries’ hesitance.

Many prefer to keep their foreign workers, rather than to invest in automation and IT.

As a result, Malaysia is regarded as stuck at the level of Industry 3.0 in terms of manufacturing technology.

In May, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Seri Abdul Rahman Dahlan said 65% of jobs in Malaysia could be lost because of technological advancements.

“We are unable to catch our breath because the world is moving at a fast pace with the digital economy,” he was quoted as saying.

According to Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF) chief executive Datuk C. M. Vignaesvaran Jeyandran, most of the 15 million Malaysian workers in the private sector need to be upskilled or trained to be multi-skilled to meet requirements under the increasing digitalisation of workplaces.

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