Archive for the ‘Industry Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0)’ Category

Teaching English goes future forward

Monday, September 16th, 2019

Dr Airil Haimi (lefft, seated on the desk) with the VR goggles on his head together with several of his team members who have been trying to bring innovative practices into English teaching, using modern media platforms.

MUCH has been said about the Fourth Industrial Revolution or 4IR but much more needs to be done on the ground, especially in the field of education in the Malaysian setting.

Many are still unable to see that the very nature of the teaching and learning process is changing, what more with the arrival of Generation Alpha – the next generation of students born entirely within the 21st century.

To complicate things further as we cross into the era of 4IR, the field of education has also moved into the Education 5.0 stage. As the world prepares to usher in year 2020, our national education system must address the challenges of globalisation and deal with changes in computer and telecommunications technologies sparked by 4IR ‘disruptions’.

At the Academy of Language Studies of the Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) Perak branch in Bandar Seri Iskandar, its head of Centre of Studies decided to become an adopter of a not-so-new technology, hoping to take the teaching and learning of English into the 21st century.

“The name of our project is ‘English Language Simulations Augmented with 360° spherical videos’. We codenamed it ELSA 360°-Videos, because it’s cuter,” said Dr Airil Haimi Mohd Adnan, the learning technologist and project manager.

Together with his young team of English lecturers – Muhamad Khairul, Muhammad Anwar, Nurul Nadiah and Ahmad Ariffuddin – they have been hard at work trying to bring innovative practices into English teaching, using modern media platforms.

“The problem is that you need money to be an early adopter of learning technologies, and you need to constantly reskill and upskill yourself because what is high-end today might be old-tech next month or next year,” said Airil Haimi.

The primary challenge that he faces is the limited time to teach critical language skills to degree level students, who also need to contend with their specialist core subjects.

“So, when 360° video cameras became more mainstream and not too expensive, I saved for a few months to buy one online and to start the ELSA 360°-Videos project,” he added.

Nevertheless, applying 360° or spherical video technology to the teaching of English for Professional and Workplace Interactions was not as straightforward as he thought. It took him six months of learning about 360° video technology and the methods of using this effectively in lesson delivery.

“You don’t want to do something just for the sake of doing it, right? But I’m happy to report that many educators have shared positive results on using 360° videos to teach.

“Here on campus, our undergraduates love being immersed and having the feeling of ‘being in’ actual meeting rooms and ‘joining in’ simulated workplace discussions,” he said.

360° or spherical video technology has the distinctive advantage of immersing learners and helping them to feel as if they are actually part of whatever is happening on screen. With three DOFs or Degrees of Freedom, learners can look around the meeting room or office space and see everything that is happening around them.

For degree level students who have limited contact hours to learn English for Professional and Workplace Interactions, this technology bridges the gap between what they could only imagine, and what they can actually see and feel.

With three DOFs, seeing how office mates talk to each other, respond, reciprocate and share ideas while focusing also on their facial and bodily gestures really make a difference in the learning of difficult English skills.

Nur Alia, appreciates the fact that 360° videos technology can help her friends who are not proficient in English to revise and learn on their own.

“My friends who cannot grasp the points in class, can learn while lounging on their beds and raise their English levels on their own,” she said.

For Nurul Liyana, another early user of ELSA 360°-Videos: “I love that I can learn wherever and whenever because the lecturer posted all the 360° videos on YouTube. “So, when we go to class, we just practice a bit then we can do the tests.”

In the next stage of the ELSA 360°-Videos project, Airil and his team are trying to get students to invest in cheap Virtual Reality or VR goggles using their smartphones to power the VR screens.

He is also planning to set up a content development lab focusing on future learning technologies aptly called “Future Learning Initiatives” Lab or FLI Lab.

“When it comes to technology, the problem is always money. True, great teaching ideas don’t need money but to make those ideas real, then dreamers like us have to start saving money to gain access to future learning technologies.

Read more @ https://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2019/09/15/teaching-english-goes-future-forward#4mDUcr20pwhO4JxP.99

AI-based platform to match students to digital tech courses launching soon

Friday, September 13th, 2019

The Digital Tech Tertiary Matching Platform will be made available to the public during the #mydigitalmaker Fair 2019 which will be held on Sept 14 and 15 at Malaysia International Trade and Exhibition Centre (MITEC) in Kuala Lumpur. – Pic source: Facebook/MyMDEC
By New Straits Times - September 13, 2019 @ 6:48pm

With the advent of the 4th Industrial revolution and growing adoption of digital technologies across all sectors, there is a growing demand for digital tech jobs.

However, there is a lack of awareness among students on digital tech careers, and quality digital tech tertiary courses available.

To scale this awareness and to empower parents and students to make more well-informed decisions about which tertiary education pathways to take – in not just the digital tech industries but across many other sectors too, the Malaysian Digital Economy Corp (MDEC) is joining forces with Genesis Data Asia Sdn Bhd to launch an AI (artificial intelligence)-based platform which will profile and match students to in-demand tertiary-level digital tech courses and scholarships.

Happening this weekend, the Digital Tech Tertiary Matching Platform will be made available to the public during the #mydigitalmaker Fair 2019 which will be held on Sept 14 and 15 at Malaysia International Trade and Exhibition Centre (MITEC) in Kuala Lumpur.

“Many students lack information about which digital tech tertiary courses and education funds they qualify for, and which universities have industry-relevant courses with high employment rates. The only way to find out at the moment is for parents and students to spend hours researching each individual university.

“With this AI-based platform, students will receive personalised guidance on recommended pre-University or University level courses and scholarships in just minutes, thus simplifying and speeding up their decision-making process,” said Dr. Sumitra Nair, vice president of Tech Talent, MDEC.

By entering their academic results into the platform, students will receive personalised recommendations to guide their applications to universities and scholarship providers. Students will also be guided on subjects they need to improve should they wish to target specific digital tech courses offered by Premier Digital Tech Institutions (PDTI). PDTIs are universities and polytechnics that have proven track records in high graduate employability, industry engagement and career services.

“This platform will empower students to make better decisions about their tertiary education, and help school counselors to play a more prominent role to promote tech tertiary courses and prepare students for their tertiary pathways that lead to high-value digital tech careers.

By New Straits Times.

Read more @ https://www.nst.com.my/education/2019/09/521184/ai-based-platform-match-students-digital-tech-courses-launching-soon

Sabah Govt strives to embrace IR 4.0 to ensure jobs for graduates – Jenifer

Monday, September 9th, 2019

Jenifer (ninth from right), Roselyn (ninth from left) and Jess (eighth from right) with INTI staff, guests and industry partners at the Youth Beyond Academic public showcase.

KOTA KINABALU: The Sabah State Government is striving to embrace Industrial Revolution 4.0 while ensuring graduates in the state continue to gain meaningful employment.

“We recognise the importance of being involved in IR 4.0 and I am thrilled to witness that the students here today are equipped with the skillsets needed for the future.

“This showcase is a worthy example of how higher education institutions should embrace, adapt, lead and prepare our future graduates for the shifting employment landscape,” said Assistant Minister of Education and Innovation and honorary guest of the showcase, Jenifer Lasimbang, when delivering her at INTI College Sabah’s (INTI) second “Youth Beyond Academic” public showcase at  Suria Sabah Shopping Mall, here yesterday.

Some of the projects featured at the showcase included the “Kinabalu Pink Ribbon Run”, where students fundraised RM8,000 to improve the lives of breast cancer patients; the “Power of Ten” that saw students successfully raising RM3,200 to build a new wing in Hospital Keningau’s Dialysis Center; “Are you Responsible? Old Tyre and Used

Battery” which saw students recycling tyre straps and water to generate electricity, and “Unite for Vision” a fundraising event organized by INTI students that saw RM3,000 raised for the Sabah Society for the Blind.

The public showcase featured eight projects focusing on social consciousness and real industry problems to demonstrate the skillsets of its students in an advancing Industrial Revolution 4.0 world.

The showcase was organised for members of the public, high school students, INTI’s industry partners and parents alike.

Earlier, the showcase kicked off with an opening speech by Roselyn Chua, Chief Executive of INTI College Sabah, who shared the significance of the event to her audience.

“As we move into a world which increasingly relies on smart machines and systems, cloud computing and the internet of things, the skillsets that require enhancing for the future workforce are personal skills,” shared Roselyn.

“While skillsets such as knowledge about ICT, technical know-how and the ability to work with data are important, personal skills such as emotional intelligence, complex problem solving, coordinating with others, and creativity will take the forefront as we tackle issues such as climate change, cancer and non-communicable diseases,” said Roselyn.

“These skills are pertinent for our future graduates as they go out into the workforce because they cannot be emulated by machines. It is these skills that will make our future graduates relevant in the future workforce and our projects here today are demonstrative of our students’ abilities in honing these skillsets successfully,” she said.

Jenifer, who was also given a tour around the showcase, expressed her appreciation for being a part of the event and shared that it was crucial for all higher education institutions in Sabah to follow suit and initiate a similar curriculum for their students.

Read more @ https://www.theborneopost.com/2019/09/08/sabah-govt-strives-to-embrace-ir-4-0-to-ensure-jobs-for-graduates-jenifer/

MARii to launch pilot Youth Forward programme for form 4-5 students

Friday, September 6th, 2019

KOTA KINABALU: The Malaysia Automotive, Robotics and IoT Institute’s (MARii) will launch its pilot Youth Forward programme for secondary school students from form four to five in the next two weeks.

The programme is the latest effort by MARii to produce human capital for the Industry Revolution 4.0.

For starters, 40 students from SM La Salle, Tanjung Aru; SMK Tansau, Putatan whilst the rest from Penampang – SMK Datuk Peter Mojuntin; SMK Limbanak; SM St Michael; and SMK Bahang will attend the four-month programme.

MARii chief executive officer Dato’s Madani Sahari when announcing the programme at MARii Satellite Sabah premises on Tuesday said the programme was introduced as an alternative for students who are good in skills but not incline to academy.

“The students will attend the training sessions three times per week from 9am to 2pm. The training programme consists of 30 modules, including industry 4.0, public speaking, time management, safety in the home and vehicle, communication skills enhancement, financial management and other life skills and effective habits,” Madani said.

After the theoretical phases, the students will undergo five months of practical training in auto mechanic, electrical, gaming or coding programming and, among others, to gain exposure to real-work work environments, culture and work processes to prepare them to be absorbed into the industry, he said.

Upon completion of the trainings, the students will receive the Malaysian Skills Certificate. While attending the skills programme, the students would still attend their normal classes in the schools as they also need to prepare for the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia examination, he said.

“The skills training programme is open for all students from form four to five with the conditions that they must get the approvals from their parents and the schools,” Madani said.

By PAUL MU.

Read more @ http://www.newsabahtimes.com.my/nstweb/fullstory/33212

Between Industry 2.0 and 3.0

Friday, September 6th, 2019

PENAMPANG: Sabah businesses are encouraged to participate and learn approaches in building the workforce to support the adoption of Industry 4.0.

There are good reasons why Singapore wants to host such events that used to be staged in industrial powerhouse Germany, the country that originated the IR4.0 trend.

A forum themed “Driving skill development for a future-ready workforce in Malaysia” was organised as part of the industry outreach activities for Industrial Transformation Asia-Pacific 2019 – a Hannover Messe event to take place from Oct 22 to 24 in Singapore ( www.industrial-transformation.com )

President of Industry 4.0 Malaysia Association Raja Teagarajan said:

“Malaysia is currently between the second and third industrial revolution, with the exception of its electrical and electronics, aerospace and automotive sectors that are more advanced in terms of Industry 4.0 adoption.”

Industry 4.0 is often perceived to involve mainly technology-driven change that will disrupt how organisations conduct operations and do business.

“However, there has been a shift whereby some manufacturers are ready to start their adoption of Industrial 4.0 processes and solutions, which will bring in high technology, innovative and high-value-add industries, and a highly skilled talent pool, which will eventually lead to the economic prosperity of the country,” said Teagarajan.

While adoption approaches may differ, a common perception is that Industry 4.0 involves wholesale top-down changes that businesses and industries will have to adjust to.

“It is therefore crucial that we work with government and industrial stakeholders to support companies in developing talents and skill sets for the future,” he said

Asean’s economic resilience bodes well for Malaysia’s projected broad-based growth this year, given the launch of the National Policy on Industry 4.0 to provide a concerted and comprehensive transformation agenda for the manufacturing sector and its related services.

The government’s commitment to private-sector-led growth has also helped improve business conditions, with foreign direct investment and manufacturing being the hot drivers of economic growth.

By: David Thien

Read more @ http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news/140136/between-industry-2-0-and-3-0/

Industry 4.0: A new form of inequality?

Friday, July 26th, 2019
When most jobs, both physical and cognitive, are automated, when humans no longer decide for themselves what is right and good, what then, is the meaning of life?

IT seems much intellectual and public discourse in Malaysia today revolves around Industry 4.0, or the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

While many aspects of Industry 4.0 have been debated, allow me to contribute a bit about this issue, by focusing on the possible effects of a new form of inequality in society.

The economic inequality — wealth and income — that is affecting Malaysian society today is a result of the past three Industrial Revolutions which started more than 150 years ago in England.

Now, the fourth wave of the revolution is here with us, hence Industry 4.0.

These new technologies will certainly impact all aspects of our lives.

Imagine being able to live forever. Google has already embarked on this project and is upbeat about its prospects. Google’s Ray Kurzweil believes that by 2029, humans could have a choice to be immortal, thanks to the nanotechnology revolution, where the creation of nano-bots makes it possible to augment our immune system and recognise diseases and deal with them before it is too late.

And mind you, this is not just about living longer, but also having all the health, youth and vitality of life. In other words, it is not just about life extension, but also life expansion.

Imagine the creation of all-powerful algorithms which will take care of all your wants and needs for the rest of your life, as ‘they’ know you much better than you know yourself.

No more dealing with the misery of making wrong decisions in life

From mundane matters like what movie to watch and what books to read, to important decisions such as what to study, which career to take and whom to marry, these algorithms will help you

‘They’ can also be your life companion. No more stress from relationship issues, since the algorithms will be programmed to be focused on you, your feelings and nothing else, one hundred per cent.

Imagine the application in the legal, financial and healthcare sectors.

Perhaps corruption can be easily weeded out with AI taking charge of making decisions in the public service sector.

And in the legal profession, imagine brain scans being used to reveal lies and deceptions!

In the financial sector, even today, most financial trading is managed by computer algorithms.

Why need humans when AI can process and analyse financial data in mere seconds?

Why learn about stocks or foreign exchange markets when AI can do that for you faster and with a higher level of accuracy?

And in the healthcare industry, algorithms will become your all-knowing health service, shielding you from critical illnesses, such as cancer, stroke and heart disease.

Remember IBM’s Watson? An AI which can diagnose diseases?

Imagine, the creation of IoT and its application in the education and security sectors.

Digital teachers not only impart knowledge, but in the process also understand you and know your personality better than you do

They will use a method which suits your personality to optimise teaching and learning.

So, having imagined all these as possible outcomes of Industry 4.0, would life not be great?

On the surface, perhaps yes. But I foresee, if we don’t take the necessary measures today, a major threat could emerge in the form of inequality.

Surely, only a small class of elites would benefit from this new technology, for instance, in terms of ‘upgrading’ humans to immortality.

Then what will happen to the rest of the population?

Wen most jobs, both physical and cognitive, are automated, when humans no longer decide for themselves what is right and good, what then, is the meaning of life?

By Dr Irwan Shah Zainal Abidin

Read more @ https://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnists/2019/07/507390/industry-40-new-form-inequality

Improve writing, scholars told

Monday, July 8th, 2019

MORE needs to be done to improve the quality of Malaysia’s scholastic journals and articles.

Malaysian Scholarly Publication Council (Mapim) executive committee chairman Prof Datuk Dr Abdul Wahab Mohammad said some of the entries they received for this year’s National Book Awards did not even meet the minimum requirements.

“There are still some weaknesses that resulted in several nominations being rejected, especially in the Best Editing Work category,” he said during the Mapim-KPM 2018 Award Ceremony held recently.

However, he said there was an overall improvement in the quality of the publications that won this year and that most of the six categories had main prize winners.

Each category was divided into two fields, which are humanities’ social science and medical technology science.

There are three prizes for each category – main award, appreciation award and the appreciation prize.

Award winners at the 12th award ceremony received a cash prize, a trophy and a certificate each.

At the event, Deputy Education Minister Teo Nie Ching said the number of scientific papers being published in Malaysia was still low.

She added that the government aims to have 31,700 titles being published annually by 2020, compared to the 19,713 published in 2017.

“I would like to call on scholars to continue to work and publish scientific books covering various humanities’ social science and medical technology science topics,” she said.

She added that scholars should also explore writing about new fields such as Industrial Revolutions 4.0 and 5.0.

By Rebecca Rajaendram
Read more @
https://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2019/07/07/improve-writing-scholars-told/#6YmfD1HCJPfvVadQ.99

More industry contribution to research and innovation needed

Wednesday, July 3rd, 2019
By Abdul Wahab Mohammad - July 3, 2019 @ 12:49pm

RESEARCH and innovation (R&I) can drive the economic growth of a country. The best example is probably the Republic of Korea.

In the 1950s, Korea’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was less than Malaysia, but over the last 50 years, it has increased by more than 117 times compared to our country’s GDP which has increased by approximately 15 times only.

As a result, the GDP of Korea now far exceeds Malaysia and the former is now considered an advanced and developed country.

Thirty years ago, it was quite rare to hear the names of Samsung, LG and Hyundai but today these companies are the giants in producing various types of products which generate strong growth for the corporations and thus indirectly for the nation.

During my last visit to Korea several years ago, I was told that Samsung has more than 1,500 personnel with doctoral degrees working for it. They carry out applied and innovative research directly beneficial for Samsung products.

Data on R&I spending provided by Unesco (http://uis.unesco.org/apps/visualisations/research-and-development-spend…) clearly illustrates the need for more involvement of Malaysian companies in R&I activities. The data, as displayed in Table 1, shows overall R&I spending as measured by the percentage of GDP for the top 15 countries in the world. In addition, data for China, Malaysia and Thailand is included for comparison. The spending data is broken down further into contributions by the industry, government and universities.

The data clearly shows that the percentage of R&I spending in Malaysia is only about 1.3 per cent of the GDP as opposed to Korea (number one ranking), which is about 4.3 per cent.

However, the more important fact is shown by the ratio of industry contribution as opposed to government and university contribution. In Korea, the ratio is 3.86 which means that the industry contribution is 3.86 times higher than that from government and universities. However, for Malaysia, the ratio is only 0.84 which means that in Malaysia, government and universities contribute more to R&I expenditure.

Data for the top 15 countries also shows the same trends whereby the industries contribute more to R&I spending compared to government and universities. Industries should be the sector that can really drive commercialisation of R&I to produce innovative products that can compete in the open market.

It is interesting to note that China, even though it is not listed as the Top 15 nations, spends a huge amount of money on R&I and industry involvement is much higher (ratio of 3.40 which is almost the same as Korea). Even in Thailand, which has lower R&I spending compared to Malaysia, the ratio of industry contribution is 1.20 which is higher than Malaysia. Figure 1 clearly shows that only Malaysia has a ratio of below 1.0.

Therefore, it is timely that the R&I ecosystem in Malaysia shifts towards more active involvement by the Malaysian industries. The Malaysian government has provided various incentives to the industries to encourage more impactful R&I activities to be carried out. For example, offer tax incentives or double tax cut for contribution to R&I funding.

The Education Ministry and the Ministry of Energy, Science and Technology, Environment and Climate Change have also allocated a huge amount of money for R&I by encouraging research collaboration between universities and industries. Industries are encouraged to provide matching funds for these partnerships. However, the take-up by industries is rather low, may be because R&I activities are not viewed as a strategic sector by the companies.

Public and private universities in Malaysia are always looking forward to provide the cooperation to enhance R&I between universities and industries. There are a significant number of doctoral degree holders in universities now who are keen to work on R&I that will benefit the country. These academics have also nurtured thousands of graduates at the master’s and doctoral levels who have specific expertise in their own fields.

These graduates are looking for employment opportunities in R&I so that they can use their expertise to generate new and creative ideas that can contribute towards higher economic growth for the companies and the country.

Therefore, it is highly imperative that the industries now should respond to make R&I as one of the important sectors for strategic growth of the companies.

Companies should at least set up research units/divisions that will look into the development of innovative ideas that can help increase their revenue. These units/divisions can work with the universities to enhance the R&I partnership. Even though the immediate returns for the company may not be obvious in the short term, the R&I unit/division should be seen as a sustainable strategic measure to sustain the business in the long run by researching creative ideas that can be explored further.

The success of Korean companies should be the right model to show how R&I has helped to enhance the profitability of companies in the long run. As for the universities, we are always open to any ideas on R&I collaboration with industries so that universities and industries can work together to help Malaysia become an advanced country like Korea. This is not just a dream but this is something that can be successful, provided both parties are willing to work together towards common goals.

By Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Read more @ https://www.nst.com.my/education/2019/07/501152/more-industry-contribution-research-and-innovation-needed

Youth and Internet governance

Sunday, June 30th, 2019
Aisyah Shakirah Suhaidi speaking at ICANN Meeting in Kobe, Japan

EMBRACING the Industry 4.0, the Internet has become an essential part of everyday life, particularly for digital natives — those who are born and brought up in a world with digital technology.

According to the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission’s Internet Users Survey 2018, 30 per cent or the highest percentage of Internet users in the country are young people in their 20s, most of whom are digital natives.

In this digital era, Internet users are susceptible to issues such as online crimes, abuse, threats and conflicts. Last year, more than 10,000 cybersecurity attacks were recorded by CyberSecurity Malaysia.

Therefore, proper oversight in the form of Internet governance — a process where Internet users, developers, network operators, online service providers, governmisyah Shakirah Suhaidi speaking at ICANN Meeting in Kobe, Japan.
ents and international organisations come together to resolve problems related to cyberspace — can help to ensure a safe online environment.

YOUTH ADVOCATE

Despite being the main stakeholders of the Internet, the Malaysian youth are mostly missing from important local and international discourse on Internet governance.

Internet Governance Forum (IGF) ambassador Aisyah Shakirah Suhaidi, 24, views this as a huge problem.

The IGF Ambassadors programme is organised by the Internet Society in relation to the annual IGF — a multi-stakeholder forum introduced by the United Nations (UN) to discuss Internet governance.

The forum is open to all stakeholders of the Internet including government authorities, the private sector, civil society as well as technical and academic communities through an open dialogue system.

Aisyah Shakirah said: “Our youth are shaping online culture in many ways. Although we are the most dominant users of the Internet, when it comes to policy discussions, most of us are not at the table.

“When the youth are underrepresented in major policy developments and implementation processes, the future of the Internet will be greatly affected,” said the Universiti Malaya law student from Jitra, Kedah.

Aisyah Shakirah developed an interest in Internet governance at the age of 17, when she began volunteering with the Internet Society Malaysia Chapter (ISOC MY).

“From my involvement there, the UN invited me to attend the World Summit of the Information Society Forum 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland as a speaker representing the youth.

“It was then that I understood that a lot of work goes into making sure that the Internet is a safe, secure and reliable infrastructure. I wanted to be a part of it,” she said.

“I believe I have a responsibility to facilitate change by representing and leading the youth in my country and region to increase their participation in Internet governance.”

She noted that there exists a lack of awareness on fundamental Internet knowledge in Malaysia’s local grassroot communities.

“As a result, many Malaysians are increasingly becoming victims of cyber-attacks such as identity theft, cross-site scripting, Internet scams and online harassment.

“Many are also uninformed about important Internet issues such as online freedom, fake news, censorship and data governance.

“I want to address this by setting up continuous community-based educational initiatives while encouraging local, regional, and global engagement in Internet policy development and implementation processes.”

INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM

Last year, Aisyah Shakirah was invited to attend the IGF at the Unesco headquarters in Paris, France.

This opportunity came through the Internet Society IGF 2018 Ambassadors Programme held in collaboration with the UN and the French government.

Out of thousands of applications from around the world, only 14 candidates were selected to be ambassadors representing their respective countries.

Proud to be one of them, Aisyah Shakirah said: “As IGF ambassadors, we were given a number of tasks and responsibilities. Throughout the year, we had to study a number of modules, take part in various online tests and online conference calls, engage in Internet governance-related discussion every week and participate in Twitter discussions.

“In Paris, we were tasked to facilitate collaborative leadership exchanges, speak at sessions, address issues, propose solutions and attend numerous meetings,” said the final-year student.

The forum carried the theme Internet of Trust, which originated from the knowledge that the Internet is increasingly under threat.

Aisyah Shakirah said: “Recently the global Internet has been experiencing a series of cyberattacks that is not only affecting individuals, but also the operations of strategic security services, administration and healthcare.

“It has become a space for hate speech and fake news dissemination as well as the development of criminal organisations and terrorist propaganda. Not only is the Internet under threat, but the Internet itself is starting to be described by some as a threat.

“The question is, how do we deal with the weaknesses and cracks in the system to ensure the stability and security of the Internet, without breaking it apart?”

At IGF 2018, various sessions and dialogues were conducted to discuss these issues.

“For example, there were sessions on how we celebrate emerging technologies such as 5G, artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things while not compromising the ethical, legal and security challenges they pose.

“There were also sessions on the risk of and responses to online child sexual exploitation, the need for Internet Protocol version 6 for the future of games, refugee rights online, data governance in smart cities, how to prepare Gen YZ for their future career as well as the issue of mental health and youth on the cyberspace.

“Currently, a lot of the younger generation are making a career on the Internet through mediums such as YouTube, and they are involved in social media marketing so a proper framework should exist,” added Aisyah Shakirah.

DEVELOPING AN APPLICATION, MAKING A DIFFERENCE

Post-forum, the IGF ambassadors were expected to work on projects or coordinate initiatives and activities within their regions to spread awareness on Internet governance.

So, in March 2019, Aisyah Shakirah represented Malaysia and Southeast Asia at the 64th Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Meeting in Kobe, Japan.

She was among the 12 students selected through the NextGen@ICANN Programme which provides funding and coaching to individuals between the ages of 18 and 30 who are interested in actively engaging their regional communities to shape the future of global Internet policy.

Prerequisites include displaying interest in ICANN and the Internet through examples of current work or research.

At the meeting, Aisyah Shakirah delivered a speech on a project that her team at ISOC MY has been working on.

“We have developed a crowdsourcing mobile application called MyHelper to help and empower Asean B40 women so that they can earn extra income by offering services such as cooking, baking and sewing. As of now, the app is only available on Android.

“We provide low-income or unemployed women with training to equip them with the essential entrepreneurial skills.

“This project provides opportunities for women to develop their skills through information communications technology, empowers women to start their own businesses, and use the Internet to improve their livelihoods,” said Aisyah Shakirah, hoping that her speech would attract regional partnership.

UNIVERSITIES AND INTERNET GOVERNANCE

Professor Mohamed Ridza Wahiddin, from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), said that academic institutions can play a role in encouraging more youth involvement in Internet governance.

The Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology (KICT) lecturer said: “Universities can raise awareness to students and lecturers on matters connected to the digital environment.

“We can produce educational materials on Internet issues as well as support the coordination between youth groups and organisations.”

At IIUM, an initiative called the IIUM Siber Sejahtera Flagship Project was spearheaded by a team of academics and students to impact local, national and global communities.

It is a part of the awareness and advocacy campaign by KICT, which engages the neighbouring communities of IIUM to be cyber-literate and ethical in cyberspace.

“Our first target group is the Orang Asli community wherein we provide training for their youth to be safe in cyberspace.

“To ensure the sustainability of the project, a group of trainers among the Orang Asli is identified so that the knowledge on cybersecurity can be further propagated within the community,” said Mohamed Ridza.

Determined to develop future talents and instil them with values in cybersecurity, the second target group consists of students, teachers and parents in select schools.

“This is to keep them safe from online threats including cyberbullying, violation of privacy, pornography and Internet addiction while promoting virtues.”

Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP) senior lecturer Dr Norshakirah Abdul Aziz said that students especially in the field of information and technology can learn about Internet governance through their university courses and projects.

“Youth or university students should first understand what is actually being governed. In our faculty, we have introduced the subject, Computer Ethics and Cyber Law.

“It is designed to examine the ethical issues surrounding Internet use and the connection between ethics and technology. Our aim is to ensure students know how to apply their knowledge in computer ethics.

“We also want students to demonstrate social responsibilities in relation to computer ethics and the cyberspace. UTP will mould students and develop them to utilise the technology in the right way. Students need to develop the right values and attitudes related to IT governance,” said the computer and information sciences lecturer.

Norshakirah added: “In this course, students will learn about cyber crimes such as computer hacking, privacy infringement, software and product privacy, computing systems and the ethics of software development.

“In the legal aspect, they will learn about the basics of Contract Law, Computer Crimes Act 1997, Digital Signature Act 1997 and the Communications and Multimedia Act. When they study the cyber laws and cases, they can definitely see the impact of Internet governance.

“UTP utilises the active learning and problem-solving method for teaching and learning. Throughout the semester, students will be actively involved in projects related to computer ethics.”

Universities can also lead research projects and consultancy services to help the community.

“In UTP’s High Performance Cloud Computing Data Centre and Centre for Research in Data Science, I lead a very dedicated team to conduct research into IT governance.

“Internet governance is essential to ensure that data is properly managed by the assigned parties. Individuals need to treat their data and information as assets. If a problem occurs when the information is not adequately secured, it can lead to issues such as data breach.

“Many organisations came to realise that Internet governance is critical after many cases of data breaches. So, it is necessary to have someone who can control the data,” said Norshakirah, adding that according to a research conducted, IT governance is an effective management framework.

For Taylor’s University computer science and forensics student Priyanka S. Jayakumar, she had come across the concept of Internet governance a few times whilst studying and researching.

“I understand that Internet governance is all about the rules, standards, practices and especially policies evolving around global cyberspace.

“I know there are laws and acts pertaining to Internet governance but many people aren’t aware of issues related to it,” said Priyanka.

She noted the importance of Internet governance for youth as they are the major age group for Internet users.

“It’s important for youths to know the do’s and don’ts on the Internet and to know the indications when one is faced with something off online. That kind of awareness only comes with proper education and enforcement from a young age.

“More people should be aware of the consequences of certain online activities and learn how to be safe in the virtual world,” said the 21-year-old, who added that awareness can be spread through education, public forums, campaigns and the use of simple and non-technical terms.

“A compulsory subject focusing on Internet awareness should be created and taught in schools. Everyone should be aware of online safety and the new threats and security breaches that are happening on the Internet.

“There should be no room for any uncertainty for young people when it comes to the Internet so they know how to exercise their rights. For example, in the case of cyber-bullying, people should know to contact the relevant authorities to report this incident,” said the aspiring computer forensics investigator.

“Public forums will not only help to educate people about the Internet and its policies but the questions that come from the public may help experts in identifying any loopholes in their policy-making.

by Rayyan Rafidi,

Read more @ https://www.nst.com.my/education/2019/06/499319/youth-and-internet-governance

Youth and Internet governance

Wednesday, June 26th, 2019
Aisyah Shakirah Suhaidi speaking at ICANN Meeting in Kobe, Japan.

EMBRACING the Industry 4.0, the Internet has become an essential part of everyday life, particularly for digital natives — those who are born and brought up in a world with digital technology.

According to the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission’s Internet Users Survey 2018, 30 per cent or the highest percentage of Internet users in the country are young people in their 20s, most of whom are digital natives.

In this digital era, Internet users are susceptible to issues such as online crimes, abuse, threats and conflicts. Last year, more than 10,000 cybersecurity attacks were recorded by CyberSecurity Malaysia.

Therefore, proper oversight in the form of Internet governance — a process where Internet users, developers, network operators, online service providers, governments and international organisations come together to resolve problems related to cyberspace — can help to ensure a safe online environment.

YOUTH ADVOCATE

Despite being the main stakeholders of the Internet, the Malaysian youth are mostly missing from important local and international discourse on Internet governance.

Internet Governance Forum (IGF) ambassador Aisyah Shakirah Suhaidi, 24, views this as a huge problem.

The IGF Ambassadors programme is organised by the Internet Society in relation to the annual IGF — a multi-stakeholder forum introduced by the United Nations (UN) to discuss Internet governance.

The forum is open to all stakeholders of the Internet including government authorities, the private sector, civil society as well as technical and academic communities through an open dialogue system.

Aisyah Shakirah said: “Our youth are shaping online culture in many ways. Although we are the most dominant users of the Internet, when it comes to policy discussions, most of us are not at the table.

“When the youth are underrepresented in major policy developments and implementation processes, the future of the Internet will be greatly affected,” said the Universiti Malaya law student from Jitra, Kedah.

Aisyah Shakirah developed an interest in Internet governance at the age of 17, when she began volunteering with the Internet Society Malaysia Chapter (ISOC MY).

“From my involvement there, the UN invited me to attend the World Summit of the Information Society Forum 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland as a speaker representing the youth.

“It was then that I understood that a lot of work goes into making sure that the Internet is a safe, secure and reliable infrastructure. I wanted to be a part of it,” she said.

“I believe I have a responsibility to facilitate change by representing and leading the youth in my country and region to increase their participation in Internet governance.”

She noted that there exists a lack of awareness on fundamental Internet knowledge in Malaysia’s local grassroot communities.

“As a result, many Malaysians are increasingly becoming victims of cyber-attacks such as identity theft, cross-site scripting, Internet scams and online harassment.

“Many are also uninformed about important Internet issues such as online freedom, fake news, censorship and data governance.

“I want to address this by setting up continuous community-based educational initiatives while encouraging local, regional, and global engagement in Internet policy development and implementation processes.”

INTERNET GOVERNANCE FORUM

Last year, Aisyah Shakirah was invited to attend the IGF at the Unesco headquarters in Paris, France.

This opportunity came through the Internet Society IGF 2018 Ambassadors Programme held in collaboration with the UN and the French government.

Out of thousands of applications from around the world, only 14 candidates were selected to be ambassadors representing their respective countries.

Proud to be one of them, Aisyah Shakirah said: “As IGF ambassadors, we were given a number of tasks and responsibilities. Throughout the year, we had to study a number of modules, take part in various online tests and online conference calls, engage in Internet governance-related discussion every week and participate in Twitter discussions.

“In Paris, we were tasked to facilitate collaborative leadership exchanges, speak at sessions, address issues, propose solutions and attend numerous meetings,” said the final-year student.

The forum carried the theme Internet of Trust, which originated from the knowledge that the Internet is increasingly under threat.

Aisyah Shakirah said: “Recently the global Internet has been experiencing a series of cyberattacks that is not only affecting individuals, but also the operations of strategic security services, administration and healthcare.

“It has become a space for hate speech and fake news dissemination as well as the development of criminal organisations and terrorist propaganda. Not only is the Internet under threat, but the Internet itself is starting to be described by some as a threat.

“The question is, how do we deal with the weaknesses and cracks in the system to ensure the stability and security of the Internet, without breaking it apart?”

At IGF 2018, various sessions and dialogues were conducted to discuss these issues.

“For example, there were sessions on how we celebrate emerging technologies such as 5G, artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things while not compromising the ethical, legal and security challenges they pose.

“There were also sessions on the risk of and responses to online child sexual exploitation, the need for Internet Protocol version 6 for the future of games, refugee rights online, data governance in smart cities, how to prepare Gen YZ for their future career as well as the issue of mental health and youth on the cyberspace.

“Currently, a lot of the younger generation are making a career on the Internet through mediums such as YouTube, and they are involved in social media marketing so a proper framework should exist,” added Aisyah Shakirah.

DEVELOPING AN APPLICATION, MAKING A DIFFERENCE

Post-forum, the IGF ambassadors were expected to work on projects or coordinate initiatives and activities within their regions to spread awareness on Internet governance.

So, in March 2019, Aisyah Shakirah represented Malaysia and Southeast Asia at the 64th Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Meeting in Kobe, Japan.

She was among the 12 students selected through the NextGen@ICANN Programme which provides funding and coaching to individuals between the ages of 18 and 30 who are interested in actively engaging their regional communities to shape the future of global Internet policy.

Prerequisites include displaying interest in ICANN and the Internet through examples of current work or research.

At the meeting, Aisyah Shakirah delivered a speech on a project that her team at ISOC MY has been working on.

“We have developed a crowdsourcing mobile application called MyHelper to help and empower Asean B40 women so that they can earn extra income by offering services such as cooking, baking and sewing. As of now, the app is only available on Android.

“We provide low-income or unemployed women with training to equip them with the essential entrepreneurial skills.

“This project provides opportunities for women to develop their skills through information communications technology, empowers women to start their own businesses, and use the Internet to improve their livelihoods,” said Aisyah Shakirah, hoping that her speech would attract regional partnership.

UNIVERSITIES AND INTERNET GOVERNANCE

Professor Mohamed Ridza Wahiddin, from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), said that academic institutions can play a role in encouraging more youth involvement in Internet governance.

The Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology (KICT) lecturer said: “Universities can raise awareness to students and lecturers on matters connected to the digital environment.

“We can produce educational materials on Internet issues as well as support the coordination between youth groups and organisations.”

At IIUM, an initiative called the IIUM Siber Sejahtera Flagship Project was spearheaded by a team of academics and students to impact local, national and global communities.

It is a part of the awareness and advocacy campaign by KICT, which engages the neighbouring communities of IIUM to be cyber-literate and ethical in cyberspace.

“Our first target group is the Orang Asli community wherein we provide training for their youth to be safe in cyberspace.

“To ensure the sustainability of the project, a group of trainers among the Orang Asli is identified so that the knowledge on cybersecurity can be further propagated within the community,” said Mohamed Ridza.

Determined to develop future talents and instil them with values in cybersecurity, the second target group consists of students, teachers and parents in select schools.

“This is to keep them safe from online threats including cyberbullying, violation of privacy, pornography and Internet addiction while promoting virtues.”

Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP) senior lecturer Dr Norshakirah Abdul Aziz said that students especially in the field of information and technology can learn about Internet governance through their university courses and projects.

“Youth or university students should first understand what is actually being governed. In our faculty, we have introduced the subject, Computer Ethics and Cyber Law.

“It is designed to examine the ethical issues surrounding Internet use and the connection between ethics and technology. Our aim is to ensure students know how to apply their knowledge in computer ethics.

“We also want students to demonstrate social responsibilities in relation to computer ethics and the cyberspace. UTP will mould students and develop them to utilise the technology in the right way. Students need to develop the right values and attitudes related to IT governance,” said the computer and information sciences lecturer.

Norshakirah added: “In this course, students will learn about cyber crimes such as computer hacking, privacy infringement, software and product privacy, computing systems and the ethics of software development.

“In the legal aspect, they will learn about the basics of Contract Law, Computer Crimes Act 1997, Digital Signature Act 1997 and the Communications and Multimedia Act. When they study the cyber laws and cases, they can definitely see the impact of Internet governance.

“UTP utilises the active learning and problem-solving method for teaching and learning. Throughout the semester, students will be actively involved in projects related to computer ethics.”

Universities can also lead research projects and consultancy services to help the community.

“In UTP’s High Performance Cloud Computing Data Centre and Centre for Research in Data Science, I lead a very dedicated team to conduct research into IT governance.

“Internet governance is essential to ensure that data is properly managed by the assigned parties. Individuals need to treat their data and information as assets. If a problem occurs when the information is not adequately secured, it can lead to issues such as data breach.

“Many organisations came to realise that Internet governance is critical after many cases of data breaches. So, it is necessary to have someone who can control the data,” said Norshakirah, adding that according to a research conducted, IT governance is an effective management framework.

For Taylor’s University computer science and forensics student Priyanka S. Jayakumar, she had come across the concept of Internet governance a few times whilst studying and researching.

“I understand that Internet governance is all about the rules, standards, practices and especially policies evolving around global cyberspace.

“I know there are laws and acts pertaining to Internet governance but many people aren’t aware of issues related to it,” said Priyanka.

She noted the importance of Internet governance for youth as they are the major age group for Internet users.

“It’s important for youths to know the do’s and don’ts on the Internet and to know the indications when one is faced with something off online. That kind of awareness only comes with proper education and enforcement from a young age.

“More people should be aware of the consequences of certain online activities and learn how to be safe in the virtual world,” said the 21-year-old, who added that awareness can be spread through education, public forums, campaigns and the use of simple and non-technical terms.

“A compulsory subject focusing on Internet awareness should be created and taught in schools. Everyone should be aware of online safety and the new threats and security breaches that are happening on the Internet.

“There should be no room for any uncertainty for young people when it comes to the Internet so they know how to exercise their rights. For example, in the case of cyber-bullying, people should know to contact the relevant authorities to report this incident,” said the aspiring computer forensics investigator.

“Public forums will not only help to educate people about the Internet and its policies but the questions that come from the public may help experts in identifying any loopholes in their policy-making.

By Rayyan Rafidi.

Read more @ https://www.nst.com.my/education/2019/06/499319/youth-and-internet-governance