Archive for the ‘Effective Teaching and Learning’ Category

Songs as teaching resources

Monday, July 10th, 2017

SONGS are a wonderful resource for teachers to teach English or any other language.

Language teachers can use songs as part of their classroom teaching repertoire.

Songs contain authentic language, are easily obtainable, provide vocabulary, grammar and cultural aspects and are fun for the students.

Songs provide valuable speaking, listening and language practice in and out of the classroom.

Songs contain authentic, natural language and it is a wonderful getaway from the language found in text books.

Some may argue that most songs contain overly crude, foul and objectionable language.

However, with careful screening and editing, an extensive library of usable songs for language learning can be compiled.

Songs are almost always directed to the native-speaking population so they usually contain contemporary vocabulary, useful phrases, idioms and expressions.

Grammar and cultural aspects can be introduced through songs.

Songs are very easily obtainable through the Internet and you can download the lyrics and the song videos with the lyrics.

Songs can be selected to suit the needs and interests of the students.

There are so many songs available with suitable themes, levels and vocabulary.

Song lyrics can be used in relating to situations of the world around us.

Songs have been used as vehicles to expound on pollution, crime, war and almost every social theme or cause.

Michael Jackson’s “Earth Song” is a powerful song that deals with the destruction of the earth by man’s greed through deforestation, killing fields, pollution and animal poaching.

Jackson’s “We are the World” calls on uniting together to help wipe out famine and starvation. The first line of the song is a rallying call. As an example, “There comes a time when we heed a certain call, When the world must come together as one There are people dying…”

Some songs have a recurring theme or story.

Eric Clapton’s classic “No More Tears In Heaven” written after his four-year old son’s death deals with life, death and heaven.

The singer finds solace in the lines that his son is at peace.

There is no fixed format to teach songs but it can follow the Presentation – Practice – Production format used in the language classroom.

Before introducing the song or the lyrics of the song to the students, the teacher can introduce and explain difficult words, expressions or idioms found in the song to the students.

After that the teacher can give the students a worksheet with the lyrics of the song but with some words missing from the lyrics.

Then the teacher can play the song while the students fill in the gaps in the worksheet.

The teacher then presents the lyrics of the song on the board or on the LCD and explains each line to the students.

The teacher, depending on the level of the students can have a few comprehension exercises on the lyrics of the songs.

The students can answer some questions on the lyrics of the song.

The teacher can ask higher order thinking skills questions on the theme or cause of the song.

Finally in the production stage, the teacher can do a number of activities to enhance the creativity of students.

The students in groups can design an album cover for the song.

The students in pairs can translate the lyrics to Bahasa Malaysia.

by SAMUEL YESUIAH.

Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2017/07/09/songs-as-teaching-resources/

Different styles of learning

Sunday, July 2nd, 2017

Mohanaraj believes in a teaching methodology that incorporates technology into teaching.

Mohanaraj believes in a teaching methodology that incorporates technology into teaching.

AN innovator at heart, Heriot-Watt University Malaysia assistant professor Mohanaraj Balakrishnan believes innovating education is the way forward.

“Everything is changing, so how can teaching be the same?

“If you don’t innovate, it will come to a point where your students will just learn online and not show up for class because there is no added value to your teaching,” said Mohanaraj, a Chemistry lecturer in the varsity’s foundation programme.

The enthusiastic lecturer said he believes in a term called “teachologist” — a teaching methodology that incorporates technology into teaching.

He conducts virtual lessons for his classes and develops videos using screen capturing software, which he subsequently uploads on YouTube and the university’s virtual learning environment.

“These videos are for students to revisit at home.

“Within Chemistry, I developed a sub module for students to learn independently. As a British university, one of our main focus is on independent learning.

“Students will independently decide how and when they want to sit for the assessments and how they want to progress as every student has their own way and speed of learning,” he said, adding that the idea is for students to complete the module before the semester ends.

Through this module known as personalised learning, Mohanaraj develops ways of teaching that will address each student as effectively as possible.

“There are also checkpoints in this module where they can meet me to get help if they are struggling.

“Incorporating independent learning gives students an amount of freedom in deciding how they want to learn the particular module, rather than the lecturers deciding for them.

“Feedback I received from students was that like the fact that they are in charge of their learning and they feel more responsible,” he added.

Mohanaraj said the aim behind this is to focus on learners.

Another project he developed, which was subsequently incorporated into other courses, is the gamification of lecture reflection.

“After our lesson, we will use a tool called “kahoot” which gamifies the lecture reflection.

“It is important for students to be able to reflect on how much they have learnt,” he said.

Mohanaraj said it is also important for lecturers to reflect on the effectiveness of their lesson delivery and if they have covered their topics well.

He said lecturers and students will be able to detect their progress on the tool.

“It is fun and students become competitive because it is a game. It generates an excel sheet that shows every individual student’s score on every question they have answered.

“As a lecturer, we will be able to analyse the overall performance for each question, which reflects back on the learning outcome,” he shared.

Mohanaraj tries out his innovative ideas during his lessons for at least a semester, followed by conducting a survey to assess his students’ feedback on the effectiveness of his new teaching methodology.

He said if the response is positive, he subsequently discusses the idea in an academic forum with the other lecturers.

“At the forum, we share our ideas with each other and students’ feedback on it.

“This year, I plan to create an online guidance for students on some of the more complex problems they solve in chemistry,” he added.

Mohanaraj said sometimes, half of the class are not be able to grasp the knowledge of solving problems then and there.

By uploading videos on these areas in Chemistry on YouTube and the varsity’s virtual learning environment, students are able to pause, slow down and replay the videos.

“Some of the feedback I received was that they viewed the video several times.

“Eventually, their performance improved!” he said.

The ambitious lecturer said he plans to personalise lectures in the future, in a way that caters to different styles of learning.

“The underlying goal is to cater to different styles of learning and to support students who learn at different paces in the best way possible,” he said.

by SANDHYA MENON
Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2017/07/02/different-styles-of-learning/#YKeg1uUgzlGVuM5J.99

Ministry, company work on learning initiative

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017

THE success of a fun learning initiative by a private company to help students at vernacular schools, has been recognised by the Education Ministry, which is now collaborating to improve the programme.

A total of 22 volunteers from the Institute of Teacher Education, International Languages Campus (IPGKBA) have teamed up with staff from Rimbun Capital Sdn Bhd to help students in Klang Valley schools improve their English, Bahasa Malaysia and Mathematics.

IPGKBA director Dr Nagalingam Karuppiah described the collaboration with the Rimbun Education Programme (REP) as a “symbiotic relationship.”

Besides being able to help those selected for the programme, he said, the volunteers from IPGKBA received on site training during the REP, which runs for three hours on Saturdays.

“We are also helping the REP improve their teaching modules based on 21st century learning,” he said. REP started with just 100 students from four schools in 2015, which increased to 138 students from six schools last year.

This year, 250 11-year-olds from 10 schools have been selected for the programme.

Rimbun Capital managing principal Datuk Raveendra Kumar Nathan said REP had evolved with the support of the Education Ministry and IPGKBA.

Previously, the REP relied on law or accountancy undergraduates to facilitate the programme but, he said, this was not ideal because teaching was not their career path.

This year, REP had also introduced a mentor system, where four weaker students are teamed up with an average student from the same school.

“These mentors and mentees will be able to see each other everyday. The weaker students will have the opportunity to practise their English or refer to if they are weak in Maths,” he said.

The reason average students were chosen, Raveendra said, was because more advanced students would get bored with the REP curriculum.

“Moving forward, we want more students to come forward to become mentors, so they can upskill themselves.

“This would trigger self-improvement along the way,” he said.

Deputy Education Minister Datuk P Kamalanathan who was present at the appointment ceremony of the mentors and the symbolic handover of REP modules to schools, applauded Rimbun for its efforts.

by NEVILLE SPYKERMAN
Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2017/04/23/ministry-company-work-on-learning-initiative/#zuebIAmCj0pRj1Ca.99

A fun way to teach

Saturday, April 22nd, 2017
Teachers presenting their project during an NiE workshop by Dass (standing, far left).

Teachers presenting their project during an NiE workshop by Dass (standing, far left).

IT was a delightful day for SMJK Yuk Choy English teacher Chan Gooi Kam. The Ipoh teacher – along with 42 other teachers – had the opportunity to attend The Star’s Newspaper-in-Education (NiE) workshop held for schools in Perak.

“I was lucky to be included!” she said. “The NiE workshop was excellent. It adds on to our teaching methods. Furthermore, the content is suitable and there is a variety of activities.”

As a regular reader of The Star, Chan said she was familiar with the daily and found it very user-friendly.

“I think using the newspaper in class is effective for promoting English. Not only that, students will read articles on current issues. They can get information and ideas to write better essays. Reading the news is also good for enhancing students’ vocabulary.”

The workshop, held at SM Poi Lam, Ipoh, recently was conducted by Star-NiE freelance trainer Lucille Dass.

Chan said that she had read about Dass in the newspapers and was fortunate to catch her in action.

“The trainer is very dynamic. I learnt a lot of activities within a short period of time — no time was wasted. I feel that the workshop was worth attending. No regrets going!”

These ready-made newspaper activities can be found in copies of the Star-NiE pullouts, which come with copies of The Star every Wednesday. Endorsed by the Education Ministry, the pullouts tackle syllabus-based topics with creative hands-on activities by incorporating articles, photographs and advertisements from newspapers. Not only is the English language syllabus tackled at three levels: elementary, intermediate and advanced, the pullouts also approach literature and character building issues through its NiE Literature and NiE Life publications, hence making learning authentic and real for students.

SM Poi Lam quality assurance department head Captain Chan Weng Kwai, who helped coordinate the session, said that he felt the teachers at his school needed training on different teaching methods. Having been a principal of five different schools, he has seen it being done in his previous schools and thought the teachers in SM Poi Lam would benefit from using NiE.

“The workshop is very good. It’s not theoretical; it’s hands on. I’ve learnt a lot of things myself and I hope the teachers will put them to good use,” he said.

SM Poi Lam English teacher Lee Chin Yin said that NiE was useful.

“We are able to adapt the activities according to our students’ levels. With NiE, it’s easy for teachers to prepare a lesson as each student gets a copy of the newspaper. It will also encourage them to read more,” she said.

In a regular class lesson, Lee said that students would usually just listen to the teacher.

“During an NiE activity, they have a chance to present their own ideas. This encourages improvement in their spoken language,” she added.

All the way from Kampar, SM Pei Yuan English teacher Veronica David said that the NiE workshop was a fruitful one.

“By attending the workshop, we teachers add to our teaching skills.”

Having used the NiE in class, she said that a majority of the students enjoyed it.

by  EMILY CHAN
Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2017/04/16/a-fun-way-to-teach/#ud8cG4JmGIMXQ6KC.99

Putting the fun back in learning

Sunday, March 5th, 2017
Teachers found Manoharans (standing) talk both insightful and inspiring.

Teachers found Manoharans (standing) talk both insightful and inspiring.

To mark The Star’s 20th year in NiE, workshops are being held for teachers to hone their skills and creativity in language lessons.

A teacher is always a learner before a teacher. These were among words of wisdom that Star-NiE freelance trainer Lucille Dass imparted to some 48 secondary school English teachers during a workshop held at Menara Star, Petaling Jaya.

The Newspaper-in-Education (NiE) workshop, held recently, aimed to convey creative methods of using the newspaper as a resource in language lessons. Another session for 45 primary school English teachers was held the day before. Both workshops were the first of many that have been planned until September for teachers from Klang Valley schools.

The Selangor State and Kuala Lumpur Federal Territory Education Departments and the Institute of Teacher Education, international languages campus, Kuala Lumpur, are jointly collaborating on the project to mark Star-NiE’s 20th anniversary.

Dass, a strong advocate for fun learning, had each teacher unleashing the child in them as they sang and clapped to some of the activities.

The workshop concluded with an empowering talk by the Institute of Teacher Education, international languages campus, Kuala Lumpur, lecturer Manoharan Nalliah.

“Teachers create all other professions – that’s how powerful we are,” he said.

Echoing Dass’ sentiment, he said: “The minute they (the students) have fun with language, they remember. The main idea of bringing language arts into the curriculum is to include one hour of teaching language in a fun manner.”

Teachers were engaged and enthusiastic, eagerly showing off their activity sheets to Dass during the workshop.

Teachers were engaged and enthusiastic, eagerly showing off their activity sheets to Dass during the workshop.

He also noted that while “HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills)” and “21st century learning skills” are terms that are heavily used of late, NiE has been tapping into these skills since its inception in the 1980s. “I have always felt that the newspaper is the best resource because it is so authentic.”

Workshop participant Zulmazlina Zulkifli from SMK Shah Alam thought that the talk by Nalliah was positive and inspiring.

“It encourages us to be better teachers. I think it’s good for teachers to come out and listen to people who inspire. Being a teacher is not easy.”

Adam Dharma from SMK Bandar Tasik Puteri found the NiE activities they picked up at the sessions useful and applicable in the KSSM (Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Menengah).

“They are suitable as action-oriented tasks for students.

“A major challenge is to get my students interested in the language. And the newspaper caters to all. Students can find something that interest them.”

A newcomer to NiE, English teacher Foo Sue May from SMK Assunta, Petaling Jaya, said it was an insightful session. “The newspaper is a good material to use in class – it is authentic and has lots of images so it is attractive to students. It would make students more interested in learning English. I like how the activities are interactive and it gets them talking.”

SMI Al-Amin Gombak English teacher Yusmedarwati Mohd Yusoff, whose school recently subscribed to 430 copies, also attended an NiE workshop for the first time.

“We received our first issue last week and the students were very happy with the activities, especially the hands-on ones. I’ve been teaching for 12 years, but now I feel like I’ve just gotten a new gadget.”

“The government is trying to raise English proficiency standards, and I think this is a good way to help students. The workshop was very helpful. I have lots of ideas in mind and I can’t wait to carry out the activities with my students!”

Petaling Utama district education office English Language officer Nuraini Abd Rahman encouraged teachers to attend the workshop. “It’s a great method to teach English. Many topics in The Star coincide with themes in the syllabus.

“I encourage teachers to pick up this method of teaching. It also promotes reading and literacy. From reading materials like the newspaper, pupils are aware of what is happening in the world and it will prepare them for future endeavours.”

by EMILY CHAN
Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2017/03/05/putting-the-fun-back-in-learning/#0eKLFzlfLs8XlWTl.99

Follow Curriculum Prepared For P&P, Teachers Told

Tuesday, January 17th, 2017

SUNGAI PETANI, Jan 16 (Bernama) — Teachers have been advised not to wait for or use last year’s examination format as reference in their teaching and learning (P&P) sessions this year, said Education director-general Tan Sri Dr Khair Mohamad Yusof.

Instead, Khair urged the teachers to follow the new curriculum prepared by the Education Ministry as it had been completed and comprehensively fulfilled all aspects of education.

“The new standard curriculum for primary and secondary schools have been reviewed. Thus, we do not want teachers to wait for last year’s examination format or even use the older format.

“In the curriculum, we have clarified what needs to be taught, what needs to be achieved and what needs to be defined… that is sufficient,” he told reporters after attending the 1Malaysia Young Teachers’ Professional Discourse for Kuala Muda and Yan districts, here today.

Meanwhile, Khair assured that in empowering the 21st century education, students with special needs and Orang Asli children would not be neglected.

“We will continue with what has been implemented and further boost the P&P to ensure these students are not left behind.

“The 21st century is the time for student-centred learning, we evaluate them based on their activities and interaction ability, not focusing only on examinations,” he said.

BERNAMA.

Read more @ http://education.bernama.com/index.php?sid=news_content&id=1320450

Turning lessons into song songs

Sunday, January 15th, 2017
Chong is making history of his own by coming up with new lyrics to popular songs. — Bernama

A teacher is gaining fame for helping his students memorise facts through catchy songs.

HISTORY (Sejarah) is a subject that is perceived to be difficult, with most local students finding it dull and boring because it involves reading and memorising.

A good knowledge of a nation’s history is essential for all. It teaches us about the experiences and lives of people who lived in different times and places.

Last year, a teacher took the unconventional step of turning history lessons into entertaining songs, making the events and dates much easier to digest.

Vulcan Chong Weng Hon decided to turn the content of the Forms Four and Five Sejarah syllabus into lyrics centred around popular tunes to make it easier for his students to memorise them.

The 25-year-old teaches at a tuition centre in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur.

In March, Chong listed down and transformed Sejarah topics into songs that were trending among young people.

He uploads them to his YouTube channel called Sejarah Melody.

He thinkgs that many students don’t like Sejarah because it requires memorising dates, difficult to pronounce foreign names, and complicated storylines.

“Songs not only help in memorising the details of an event, but also in making the learning process enjoyable,” he said.

Chong spends about two weeks to transform historical events into a song by drawing upon key contents of the SPM Sejarah syllabus.

Among the popular songs that he has “modified” are Eyes, Nose, Lips by South Korean heartthrob Taeyang, Just The Way You Are by Bruno Mars, and the Doraemon theme song.

“In the beginning, I had included some Chinese words in the lyrics to make it easier for my Chinese students to understand.

“However, after uploading my first video on YouTube, I discovered that many non-Chinese students also enjoyed my video. They also requested that I use lyrics in Bahasa Malaysia (BM) .

by SOON LI WEI.

Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2017/01/15/turning-lessons-into-song-songs/

Making the classroom more conducive

Sunday, November 6th, 2016

THE incident where one of our secondary school students fell to his death from the third floor of his school made me very sad.

Being a discipline teacher for more than a decade, I understand that adolescents at that age are very agile and need time to break free.

According to reports, the student was trying to rescue a school bag which another friend had thrown down is all quite natural gimmicks among adolescents.

In my years of dealing with adolescent boys and girls, I have dealt with more cases. However what I am going to highlight here is when did the incident happen. If it was during school hours, then what were the teachers doing?

One of my unwritten regulations for my trainee teachers when they start their practical teaching is to be at the classroom at least several minutes before the bell goes off for the next period. Being early before the teacher in class leaves can resolve many discipline issues.

In my own experience, once the bell goes, the students who actually need a physical stretch after a 40 or 80 minute lesson will start running around or to the next class to have some excitement. And I think it is only natural for them to have such an urge as they have been focusing or trying to focus on the lesson taught.

Research has shown that many discipline cases do take place during change of periods. Usually in the olden days, the principal or other school administrative will make their rounds during such times. It is still a routine in several schools and a kind of subtle warning that all students and teachers are to be in class to continue with the learning and teaching process.

After all these years in the educational field, I ask myself … I just finished an 80 minute class which could be anything from Science, Maths, languages, Religious Education or Moral Education. I have another three different subjects before recess or school ends. What do I need? Yes, a short break to rest my mind, exercise my limbs and refresh my muscles. And how can teachers help deal with that need? I always made sure that my students kept standing after they got up to wish me and did some physical movement and basic exercises in the classroom, spoke to their friends about anything and then settle down. But because Moral Education (that I mostly taught) is a subject where the Muslim and non-Muslim students have to go to their respective classes, students would have moved a bit and felt fresh to start a new subject.

In most New Zealand secondary schools, students have the privilege to move from one building to another building. Meaning teachers of different subjects are in the specific rooms and it’s the students who move from classroom to classroom.

It gives the students the opportunity to walk, chat with their friends a bit, go for nature’s call, feel refreshed and continue with the next subject. Year 12 and Year 13 students (Lower Six and Upper Six) also have the privilege to leave the school grounds for lunch breaks or a short rest at home if home was nearby. The issue of students playing truant hardly exist.

by DR VISHALACHE BALAKRISHNAN.

Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2016/11/06/making-the-classroom-more-conducive/

Better learning outcomes for all

Sunday, August 28th, 2016
Making moves: Mahdzir playing a game of chess with low vision student Muhd Naqiuddin Azim after opening the symposium.

Making moves: Mahdzir playing a game of chess with low vision student Muhd Naqiuddin Azim after opening the symposium.

MALAYSIA will achieve full primary school enrolment within the next few years.

Education Minister Datuk Seri Mahdzir Khalid said it was possible despite the challenges his ministry faced in reaching out to some indigenous communities.

“We face a problem reaching out to those who live in very remote parts of Malaysia (like the areas in Sarawak and Sabah that are nearer to Indonesia),” he told reporters after launching the Education 2030 Symposium here on Tuesday.

The symposium focused on the fourth Sustainable Development Goal (SDG4), which is to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Some of the students from these communities have to travel a few days to reach the nearest school.

Although the ministry had provided hostels and boarding schools, Mahdzir said that the children needed adequate supervision, especially when they enrolled in schools at the age of seven.

He also said that based on the 2015 annual report of the Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013-2025, primary school enrolment stood at 98%, while upper secondary school enrolment was at 85%. This situation could be due to students finding jobs to support their families.

He said students dropping out was especially prevalent among those in the lower income bracket.

In this regard, Mahdzir said the game changer for secondary schools may be TVET (technical and vocational education and training). “We can do this (increase enrolment rates) by adding more vocational courses,” he said, adding that this could help retain students who prefer the TVET path.

by REBECCA RAJAENDRAM.

Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2016/08/28/better-learning-outcomes-for-all/

Bringing positive pacts and outcomes

Saturday, August 6th, 2016

They are extraordinary people who not only teach, but also help youth from displaced and deprived backgrounds learn new skills and find their voice.

WHILE the right to education is enshrined in various universal proclamations, such as Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989, the sad truth is that many children are still not accorded the kind of education they deserve.

Realising that more can be done to improve the lot of children and teens, many Malaysians have stepped in to do their bit.

“It is pointless watching from the sidelines. If there is a way to help improve a situation, we must lend a hand,” says S. Siva Ahnantham, a volunteer teacher.

“We need to step back from our everyday lives, appreciate what we have and contribute in whatever way we can to those who aren’t as fortunate,” adds the IT consultant.

In Kuala Lumpur, just across the Chan Sow Lin LRT station, IDEAS, an independent Malaysian think tank, has been offering help to disadvantaged teens and refugees.

IDEAS Academy provides secondary level education for those aged between 12 and 15.

It is an initiative supported by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

“Our plan is to expand to pre-university (A Levels), which means that we will soon have students aged up to 18,” says IDEAS Academy board chairman and IDEAS chief executive officer Wan Saiful Wan Jan, 41.

Cup cakes: Students getting baking tips from an instructor at the IDEAS Academy.

Cup cakes: Students getting baking tips from an instructor at the IDEAS Academy.

UNHCR says that Malaysia has 151,560 refugees and asylum-seekers from conflict areas.

Of these, 34,000 are children below the age of 18, and only 28% of them have access to education.

When IDEAS Academy conducted its first lesson in September 2014 in a classroom in HELP College of Arts and Technology, only 24 students showed up. Through word of mouth, the number soon ballooned to over 100 students.

A year later, the centre moved to its present site where it occupies four floors. To date, this is the only secondary education provider available within the area for refugee children, adds Wan Saiful.

by OOI MAY SIM.

Read more @ http://www.thestar.com.my/news/education/2016/07/31/bringing-positive-pacts-and-outcomes/