Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

Evolving education in times of Covid-19

Friday, August 7th, 2020

Cybersecurity must be present across all ICT areas.

COVID-19 has challenged organisations to rethink and execute radical new approaches to their business operations.LGMS chief executive officer Fong Choong Fook LGMS chief executive officer Fong Choong Fook

The widespread global pandemic has presented challenges that drastically changed the way businesses and organisations operate today, necessitating an online approach as opposed to traditional physical presence.

As we head towards the new normal of the foreseeable future, adapting to the needs and technology of the times is a must. As with anything online, security is a major concern, as data and information are far more exposed to hackers and cyber theft.

Recognising technology as a key enabler to respond to the new normal, INTI International University & Colleges has collaborated with Amazon Web Services (AWS), LGMS Group Sdn Bhd (LGMS), and SAS to create its new Diploma in Computer Science (DCS), which includes modules with industry-standard training in cybersecurity, cloud computing, and data analytics.

As companies embrace remote working, cloud computing addresses on-demand delivery of IT resources over the Internet with pay-as-you-go pricing.SAS Malaysia managing director Cheam Tat Inn

SAS Malaysia managing director Cheam Tat Inn

Instead of buying, owning, and maintaining physical data centres and servers, users can access technology services such as computing power, storage and databases almost entirely online.

Managing the Cloud is an essential skill for all professionals and one that students should learn even before entering the workplace.

Cybersecurity must be present across all ICT areas.Simultaneously, organisations are facing greater cyber attacks. Some of the ways that cybercriminals have cashed in on the Covid-19 situation include virus-themed social engineering attempts, the sale of counterfeit medical masks, and the spread of rumours pertaining to the pandemic.

“Employees working remotely must be aware of cyber threats. Every organisation and individual should regularly ensure their connections are secure, be cautious of phishing emails and ensure all software and operating systems are up to date, ” said LGMS chief executive officer Fong Choong Fook.

The incorporation of a cybersecurity module in DCS helps students to identify and appreciate the applicability of cyber security across all areas of ICT including programming, networking, systems administration, big data analytics and artificial intelligence.

To help learners and professionals further adapt to new routines, SAS offers flexible data analytics options for users.

“SAS’ software tools and platforms can help companies harness their data to drive informed decisions, ” said SAS Malaysia managing director Cheam Tat Inn.INTI International University & Colleges’ chief executive officer Tan Lin NahINTI International University & Colleges’ chief executive officer Tan Lin Nah

“From predictive maintenance in manufacturing, to gaining insights into customer behaviour in online retail, to resource allocation within a hospital,

analytics can help companies make better decisions to sustain and thrive in an unpredictable world.

“The demand for workers skilled in analytics has outpaced supply, and companies are looking to analytics to gain insights into their data for better decision-making.

“The modules offered in INTI’s DCS programme will provide students the skills in data analysis, data management, predictive analytics, machine learning and more, that can provide a foundation for students to pursue a career in data analytics, ” shared Cheam.

“In these challenging times, education must become a continuous, experiential, and regularised process, ” said INTI International University & Colleges chief executive officer Tan Lin Nah.

“This makes micro-credentialing within education syllabus a critical component in a student’s long term career aspirations and provides them early training and pathways for certifications in specialised fields.

“This is how education can evolve so that it remains constantly relevant with industry trends.

“At INTI, we prepare our graduates for the jobs of the future and sustain them during challenging times by equipping them with the transferrable skill sets needed to excel and adapt in the ever-changing job landscape.”

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Turn your skills into money-making online courses with OpenLearning

Thursday, July 9th, 2020
Organisations can now take their certifications, training and accredited programs online. - OpenLearningOrganisations can now take their certifications, training and accredited programs online. – OpenLearning

WITH the current economy experiencing a downturn, many people are turning to side hustles to diversify their sources of income. One of the upcoming trends gaining popularity is content entrepreneurship, also known as contentpreneurship.

So, what is contentpreneurship?

A contentpreneur is someone who earns income through creating online learning content. Anyone with the skills, experience or knowledge on a certain topic can become a contentpreneur. All you have to do is use your expertise to create short, highly-focused courses online. For instance, if you’re proficient in the Iban language, or if you enjoy baking traditional Nyonya kuih, you could turn these skills into online courses or tutorials.


There are many ways you can become a contentpreneur, be it through your own YouTube channel or your own blog. However, these methods are not entirely suitable for online learning. An online learning platform like OpenLearning is designed to make it easier for you to turn your passion into profitable online courses by crafting an engaging learning experience for your audience.

OpenLearning has all the tools you need to create your very own online tutorials. In fact, you can tailor your courses by adding rich multimedia content of any type like text, audio and video. Besides that, the platform also lets you customise the look and feel of your course by adding logos, banners and colour schemes. Learners can also actively share and collaborate with each other.

Here are some additional benefits when you use Open Learning:

  • You can add value to others by offering certificates to those who complete your course.
  • You can collect payments directly through OpenLearning’s online payment gateway.
  • You can connect learners from around the world with user-friendly social learning tools. You can also keep track of their progress and encourage learning together in an active online community.
  • You can quickly and flexibly personalise or update your course content for different groups of learners.

One of the people who have put their courses up on OpenLearning is Norizan Sharif, who offers online self-development courses in Bahasa Malaysia. In less than a month, his first course, Interpersonal and Human Relations, priced at RM30, attracted more than 2,000 students, earning him over RM60,000 in income.

“I did not expect to gain over 2,000 learners in less than a month after launching the course. This proves that there is high demand for professional development courses in Bahasa Malaysia,” said Norizan.


Now, you can also become a contentpreneur on the OpenLearning platform with their comprehensive free 30-day trial. During the trial, you can take part in the 30-Day Creator Challenge, a guided challenge that will direct you to build and launch your online course.

Besides that, you can also apply for the RM100,000 Creator Fund Program as a creator on the OpenLearning platform. The fund offers additional support and incentives to help selected high-potential creators, trainers and educators take their existing content or training material, and convert them into sellable online courses or programs.

Successful applicants to the fund will receive course building support worth up to RM100,000 through:

  • A seat at one of OpenLearning’s exclusive digital workshops where you will learn the A-to-Z of online course creation
  • Access to community consultation sessions with OpenLearning’s team of expert learning designers and digital marketers
  • Full or partial course building sponsorship by OpenLearning

Being a Creator on OpenLearning means you could stand a chance to benefit from revenue share opportunities and extra marketing boosts on, an online skills portal. Launching soon, this portal will host a collection of high-quality, skills-based courses and certificate programs for Malaysians. This will give you even greater exposure for your online content.


For businesses that are interested in positioning your business online, the team at OpenLearning can assist you with strategies and team onboarding to help you get on your feet quickly. Now, instead of spending endless hours on face-to-face training, businesses can also provide training online, efficiently saving time and reducing costs as well.

“Businesses in the education sector can look into offering fully-online short courses and microcredentials, whilst training businesses can start to diversify their offerings by building online versions of their services,” said Sarveen Kandiah, Managing Director at OpenLearning Malaysia.

OpenLearning is currently offering a live system walkthrough and complimentary personalised consultation on ways your organisation can move online. Plus, for a limited time only, Malaysian organisations stand to receive an exclusive discount (valid on a first-come, first-served basis) on subscription plans.

Click here to find out more about OpenLearning’s Digital Transformation initiatives.

Take advantage of these offers that will only run from July to November 2020. Start your free trial now to become an Official OpenLearning Creator, and get your course featured on

Find out more via OpenLearning’s website or by emailing

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King briefed on schools reopening

Monday, June 8th, 2020

PETALING JAYA: The King has been briefed on preparations to reopen schools, says Dr Mohd Radzi Md Jidin (pic).

The Education Minister said Yang di-Pertuan Agong Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah had also given his views and advice on the matter.

The online briefing was conducted on June 5.

In a Facebook post on Monday (June 8), Dr Radzi thanked the King and said the invaluable input would be adhered to.

On Sunday (June 7), Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin said schools would be reopened in stages within the recovery movement control order (MCO) period after receiving input from the Health Ministry.

“The Education Minister will make a detailed announcement soon,” he said.


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Focus on education and training for faster recovery

Friday, June 5th, 2020
THE government has just announced a recovery plan to enable the Malaysian economy to regain its strength after weeks of restrictions on work following the introduction of the movement control order (MCO). The government will also launch next year the 12th Malaysia Plan (2021-2025), which will outline the medium and longer term policies for achieving our nation’s development goals and provide the public sector expenditure programme to implement such policies.

In carrying out its development plans for economic and social progress, the government must place more focus on the human aspects of development to empower the people to face the challenges that lie ahead, such as a second round of the pandemic and the uncertainties arising from the geo-political tensions around the world.

We will have to increasingly rely on our own domestic strength to remain resilient against the adverse external developments. Hence, our development plans must place greater attention on improving the quality of the education and training system to create the internal capacity for growth and prosperity. They should equip school leavers and graduates with a stronger foundation to learn new skills.

Employers prefer to recruit job applicants who are trainable to raise their productivity and technical skills. New entrants to the labour market who are good in Maths, Science and English and who impress employers with their confident personality will find it easier to get the better paid jobs.

Those whose parents can afford to send their children for private tuition in Maths, Science, languages, music and art tend to have the advantage in having these superior qualities in them. There is a growing number of children who go to expensive private schools locally and abroad. These are the children of privileged families, political and corporate elites and the middle class.

This division of success in finding good jobs between income classes is not healthy for national unity. The national education system should therefore introduce reforms to provide the quality required in the employment market. Education should be free from racial, religious and communal politics to allow reforms to be successfully implemented so that all youths will have a level playing field in life.

In general, wage levels in Malaysia are low relative to its per capita GDP and standard of development. The main reason is the weak labour policies on employment and lack of controls on importing foreign workers. Irresponsible employers are taking advantage of undocumented workers, who out-number their legal counterparts, to suppress wage levels and ignore workers rights across all segments of the labour market. The culture of low wages spreads to all levels of employment, including executives. The result is that the share of wages in national income in Malaysia is low by international standards, thus indicating an imbalance in the distribution of the country’s wealth between owners of capital and the working class.

Depressed wage levels explain much of the hardships among households living in the major urban centres. In addition, urban households struggle with the higher cost of living in cities compared to the rest of the country.

As our planners work on policies for the recovery of the economy and its long-term growth, they would prioritise projects that have a high impact on generating employment and income opportunities. This is to be expected as GDP growth is essential to lift up income levels.

At the same time, our planning agencies should also strengthen the education and labour policies to make them more dynamic in providing our working population with better wages and a higher share of the national income.

With higher levels of skills, the talent pool will be enhanced and facilitate Malaysia’s efforts to attract more local and foreign investment into high technology and state-of-the-art industries, as the East Asian Tigers have done to restructure their economy and

become so advanced in their standards of living. They placed high priority on investing in their human resources to transform into high income countries within a short period of one generation.


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Three sexagenarian sisters who just can’t stop teaching

Saturday, May 16th, 2020
The D’Cruz sisters conducting online classes. -NSTP/ASWADI ALIAS.The D’Cruz sisters conducting online classes. -NSTP/ASWADI ALIAS.

PETALING JAYA: Three sisters, all of whom are teachers, are proving that age truly is just a number.

The D’Cruz sisters, all in their 60s, have, since the Movement Control Order began, taken up the challenge to learn new skills in terms of online teaching so that they can continue to impart knowledge to their students.

Having for so long been accustomed to traditional and conventional classroom teaching methods, the sisters — Juliet, 68, Iris, 67, and Bridget, 61 — are now keen hands at using Google Classroom and Google Meet on their laptops at home to remain in touch with their students.

Necessity, said Bridget, was the mother of invention.

She said she had only 72 hours to learn the ropes of using online tools to teach.

She said she had some experience in online teaching but only on a surface level.

“It’s nothing like what we’re doing now, where we conduct classes daily via online platforms like Google Classroom and Google Meet.”

She admitted that it was tough in the beginning.

“We had to work hard in a short period of time to learn how to conduct classes online. Although it was tough and challenging in the beginning, we managed to do it and add to our repertoire of teaching skills that we garnered over the years.”

Bridget, who worked as an accountant for more than two decades, began teaching only in 2011. She said she decided to make the transition to teaching as the demands of corporate life had taken a toll on her health.

“Being an accountant in the private sector was good and rewarding, but the high level of stress and long working hours affected my health,” said Bridget, whose first teaching job was with Taylor’s University, where she taught accounting and business to hospitality students.

“I had a lot of experience in accounting, finance and business from my years working in the private sector. I took up the offer to become a teacher as I had a lot to offer to students instead of just textbook knowledge.

“I could leverage on my experience to give them a better perspective while learning.”

Bridget, who is single, sees teaching as a continuous pursuit of betterment.

“Not only do we get to give back to society, we also get to learn, as well as keep abreast or even ahead of the students.

“For the older generation like us, it’s a steep learning curve,” said Bridget, who teaches business studies and accounting at Campus Rangers International School.

Her sister, Juliet, began teaching 42 years ago in 1978 after returning from Mumbai, India, where she completed her studies in teaching children with special needs

The D’Cruz sisters (from left) Iris, Juliet and Bridget. -NSTP/ASWADI ALIASThe D’Cruz sisters (from left) Iris, Juliet and Bridget. -NSTP/ASWADI ALIAS

Juliet, now a teacher at Stella Maris International School, said she had always wanted to become a teacher.

The desire to teach special needs children, she said, came later.

“While doing my diploma in India, I went on a field trip to observe a school for special needs children. I was so taken by the children there that from there on, I decided to become a special needs teacher.”

Juliet said she spent some of her best years teaching children with special needs.

“They will always have a special place in my heart. Many of their parents have been appreciative of our dedication to teach their children and for accepting them as they are with love and open arms.”

Not one to be content with her achievements, Juliet completed her Masters in Early Childhood Education at the age of 60 from Unitar International University in 2012 on a part-time basis while still teaching.

Juliet, who is married and has two children, a daughter, 37, and a son, 35, quipped that teaching has kept her young and is something she couldn’t stay away from.

“I’ve retired from the profession more than once but I kept coming back because I loved it. It kept me sane and enabled me to do good for society and I have never looked back,” said Juliet, who teaches English, History and Geography.

Juliet D’Cruz began teaching in 1978 after returning from Mumbai, India, where she completed her studies in teaching children with special needs. -Pix courtesy of Juliet  D’Cruz.Juliet D’Cruz began teaching in 1978 after returning from Mumbai, India, where she completed her studies in teaching children with special needs. -Pix courtesy of Juliet D’Cruz.

Juliet’s other sister, Iris, meanwhile, retired as a government school teacher after 33 years in 2008. She started teaching in 1976 at St Michael’s Secondary School in Penampang, Sabah.

However, her passion for teaching saw her take up a post at ELC International School in Sungai Buloh, where she has been teaching for the last six years.

She said after she retired, she realised that she still had a wealth of knowledge to share.

“As such, I kept on teaching. Education to me is an ongoing, continuous process, where I still wake up every day and am able to learn or pick up something new, like teaching online via Google Meet and Google Classroom,” said Iris, who is married and has two sons, aged 42 and 40.

Iris said she found it especially rewarding when weaker students succeed against all odds.

“I also take pleasure in having taught thousands of students throughout my years as a teacher,” said Iris, who also studied part-time while teaching to earn a Masters in Literature from Universiti Malaya back in 2004.

She said for her and her sisters, the best moments were when adults came up to them in public and call out, “Cikgu!”.

“They would thank us for being their teachers all those years ago. It doesn’t get much better than that.”

By Azdee Amir.

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Despite exam delays, cancellations, teachers committed to continue educating

Thursday, April 23rd, 2020
Teachers will do their best to ensure that the syllabus is completed by the end of the school year. - NSTP/File picTeachers will do their best to ensure that the syllabus is completed by the end of the school year. – NSTP/File pic

KUALA LUMPUR: Despite the recent postponements and cancellations of several national examinations over the Covid-19 pandemic, Malaysian teachers remain positive about their profession.

Most are committed to proceed with syllabus completion and alternative assessments.

Teaching and learning activities will continue as usual, according to SK Taman Klang Utama principal M. Khalimi Dalhan.

“Teachers are already adopting student-centred learning so the cancellations do not affect the original learning objectives.

“Year 6 students will most likely have other cognitive assessments at the school, district or state levels. Selection for fully residential schools (SBP) will still require a good academic and co-curricular achievement.”

He stressed that it is important for parents to know that UPSR is only one of the many components of the holistic Primary School Assessment Report (PPSR).

“Other components, namely classroom-based assessment (PBD), physical activity, sports and curriculum assessment (PAJSK) and psychometric assessment (PSI), will continue to be used in the final assessment of students.”

Learning aids such as Berita Harian’s Didik and School Times by the New Straits Times will continue to be helpful, he continued.

“With new content every week, these well-known dynamic materials are seen as a key addition to static documents such as textbooks and reference books. Teachers can use them directly or manipulate them as an additional stimulus in class,” said M. Khalimi.

The Education Ministry made the right decision in addressing educational challenges in the pandemic, said Norliana Ramli, who teaches Science at SMK Raja Permaisuri Bainun, Ipoh.

“I am confident that the ministry will devise a comprehensive and fair assessment method to replace PT3 that will not burden the students.”

Teachers will do their best to ensure that the syllabus is completed by the end of the school year, she added.

“At my school, teachers have been prepared to use platforms such as WhatsApp and Google Classroom to ensure e-learning is implemented. For lab activities, we will share videos of scientific experiments from YouTube.”

Remote learning can be explored in many ways, she added.

“I am aware of the limitations faced by students, but the implementation of home-based e-learning and teaching sessions can still be made through radio and television. The ministry has also been working on improving TV Pendidikan (Educational TV) channels.”

Upon hearing the news of PT3’s cancellation, SMK USJ 12 History teacher Tay Say Cheow quickly sent a message to Form 3 pupils, telling them that learning must continue.

“My students will continue studying the subject by doing exercises in the modules given after each online lesson.

“There will be a new method of assessment for entry into Form 4 next year. Students’ efforts will not be wasted because the learning process will train them into better individuals,” said Tay.

Tay is happy with the ministry’s decision to allow Form Five students to return to school soon, as online learning has been challenging.

“Right now, online classes’ attendance rate is 80 per cent on good days, but it can fall to 50 per cent sometimes. Students cite many reasons, including waking up late, slow internet speed, and helping with house chores.

“I would need to go through all the lessons again when school reopens because it is my responsibility to make sure no one is left behind.”

Schools and teachers need to start preparing learning activities according to the Education Ministry’s guidelines, she said.

“Classroom arrangement and lab schedules need to be discussed to meet health safety requirements, as we have 10 classes of fifth formers at school.”

Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah Putrajaya English teacher Nik Anita Che Hamid wholeheartedly agrees with the SPM postponement, as some students’ learning pace had been affected by the pandemic.

“This will give teachers and students ample time to complete the syllabus. The Education Minister has taken into consideration all aspects involving various socioeconomic backgrounds.”

As a Form Five coordinator, Nik Anita said SPM candidates are monitored closely by teachers, albeit virtually.

“We also ask parents to help monitor their children’s work at home. I continued my lessons on online platforms and the students managed to submit their assignments.

“The main priority now is to be coronavirus free. Exams are important in determining the future of our kids, but the future that we must aim for is a safe environment for our children,” she said, lauding the government’s TV Pendidikan initiative.

The announcement came as a relief, said SMK Tumpat English teacher Wong Lieat Hiong.

“We can now prepare the students for their future. At the moment, I am only able to communicate virtually with 70 per cent of my students. I can’t monitor their progress closely.

“I believe hard working students who participate in online classes will be alright. But, those who don’t see the importance of education or without internet coverage and suitable devices at home will be lost when school resumes.”

She added that fifth formers should not be worried about their entry to university.

“The SPM postponement will not affect their university admission, as it has been delayed as well.”

Mara Junior Science College (MRSM) Langkawi Chemistry teacher Mimi Syadzlina Shabi regards the postponement of exams as a good measure.

“This move is essential to avoid jeopardising the students’ momentum. It is also crucial for public health.

“Right now, it’s challenging to assess students’ understanding during remote learning. Additional effort is required to demonstrate certain topics in Chemistry.

“Students who are not high-achievers or those with low motivation may find it difficult to follow the online lessons especially for science and math subjects,” said Mimi Syadzlina, who currently holds online classes via Zoom.

By Rayyan Rafidi.

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School holiday extended to March 31

Friday, March 20th, 2020

KUALA LUMPUR: The one-week school holiday has been extended until March 31 to curb movement of people in view of the Covid-19 spike.

Defence Minister Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob said with the extension of the holidays, parents could stay put wherever they were and would not need to return home to enable their children to go to school.

“So our order is for parents who are with their children during the holidays to continue staying on in their kampung until March 31,” he said in a press conference on Friday (March 20) on non-health related matters after a special meeting by ministers on movement control order (MCO) implementation.

Ismail said with the school holidays extended to March 31, parents would also not have to go to the office.

The decision was made to minimise movement of people during the MCO period imposed from March 18 to 31.

Recently, many Malaysians who were unaware of the significance of the order decided to “balik kampung” (return to home towns) after the order was announced, causing massive movement of people and creating more concerns that the Covid-19 was being widely spread.


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Dr Habibah Abdul Rahim appointed as Education director-general

Thursday, January 16th, 2020
Dr Habibah Abdul Rahim has been appointed as the new Education director-general effective Jan 10. – NSTP/HALIMATON SAADIAH SULAIMAN

PUTRAJAYA: Dr Habibah Abdul Rahim has been appointed as the new Education director-general effective Jan 10.

She took over from Datuk Dr Amin Senin who retired on Dec 21 last year.

In a statement today, the Education Ministry said 58-year-old Habibah will be the ministry’s 17th director-general and the second woman to helm the post.

“Habibah started her service in education in 1986 as a teacher in several schools in Selangor and Kedah, before leaving to serve under several organisations under the ministry.

“Among her positions were deputy director-general (policy and curriculum sector), Education Planning and Research Division (BPPDP) director, Performance and Delivery Unit (Padu ) executive director and senior lecturer at Institut Aminuddin Baki (IAB),” it said.

Habibah obtained a bachelor’s degree with honours in Biology from the University of Salford, United Kingdom in 1984.

Later, she furthered her studies in Education at University of Bristol, United Kingdom in 1993 and earned a doctorate in Education from Stanford University in California, United States in 2001.

With her expertise, experience and excellent achievements, the Education Ministry is confident that Habibah would be able to further elevate its achievements in line with the aspirations of the National Education Blueprint 2013-2025.

The ministry recorded its highest appreciation to Amin for his service.

By Hashini Kavishtri Kannan.

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Lincoln: All I have learnt, I learnt from books

Tuesday, January 14th, 2020
Books stimulate the imagination and drive development. – NSTP file pic

LETTERS: Malaysians, Kuala Lumpur residents in particular, should be proud that the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) has named Kuala Lumpur as World Book Capital 2020.

Unesco said the city was selected because of the focus on inclusive education, development of a knowledge-based society and accessible reading for all segments of the city’s population.

Credit should go to City Hall for its commitment to encourage reading. As we gear ourselves to celebrate the recognition, commencing with World Book and Copyright Day on April 23, parents should inculcate a reading culture in the young as they are the nation’s future leaders.

Books are the guardians of the past, stimulate our imagination and drive development.

They are a man’s best companion. Former United States president Abraham Lincoln said: “All I have learnt, I learnt from books.”

The more one reads, the more the mind gets stimulated.

Research reveals that intellectual pursuits like reading and regularly seeking new information keep the brain active and prevent dementia.

Works of William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens and Oliver Goldsmith transport readers to a realm of pleasure and joy that no other form of entertainment can provide.

Reading is like scuba diving — the deeper one delves, the greater the adventure and thrill.

Children must be reminded that benefits accrued from reading books, newspapers, magazines and periodicals are greater than reading posts on social media.

Reading is the path to knowledge and wisdom. We must derive benefit from it.

Otherwise, as the Panchatantra says: “The man who studies every book and understands, yet does not look to his advantage, learns in vain. His books are merely mental strain.”


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Dr Mahathir takes over as acting Education Minister

Saturday, January 11th, 2020
Dr Mahathir is the interim Education Minister – Photo by NSTP/AHMAD IRHAM MOHD NOOR

KUALA LUMPUR: Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad has been appointed the interim Education Minister, effective Jan 3.

The appointment was agreed to by Cabinet during a meeting on Jan 8, the Prime Minister’s Office announced today.

It is believed that Dr Mahathir will hold the position until a new Education Minister is appointed.

Dr Mahathir previously held the Education Ministry portfolio from 1974 to 1977.

He takes over from Dr Maszlee Malik, who resigned from his position on Jan 2.

Maszlee – who is also the Simpang Renggam MP and a member of the Bersatu supreme leadership council – was beset by a string of controversies during his tenure, including the issue of Jawi being taught in vernacular schools, students wearing black shoes, and free breakfast at schools, among others.

By Hashini Kavishtri Kannan

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