Archive for the ‘National Key Result Areas (NKRA's)’ Category

Incentives for contributions to education

Monday, October 4th, 2010

KUALA LUMPUR: In its effort to improve student outcomes under the education NKRA of the GTP, principals, head teachers and teachers who have proven to have contributed significantly to bolster the academic performance of their respective schools will be rewarded with a cash incentive between RM900 and RM7,500.

Deputy Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin who is also the Education Minister said this was in line with the concept of giving priority to performance and output.

Principals, head teachers and teachers who managed to raise their school’s holistic performance past the composite score of 92 percent for secondary schools and 84 percent for primary schools are eligible for this incentive.

Schools which show quantum improvements from their ranking in 2009 will also be rewarded.

A quantum improvement means an improvement of at least 27 percent in composite score or 2,050 ranks for primary schools, and at least 15 percent or 300 ranks for secondary schools.

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NKRAs yield desired outcomes

Wednesday, September 15th, 2010

KUALA LUMPUR: The Government Transformation Programme (GTP), introduced in April last year by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, has achieved significant results through the various initiatives of the National Key Results Areas (NKRAs).

Director of Communications for the GTP at the Performance Management & Delivery Unit in the Prime Minister’s Department (Pemandu), Alex Iskandar Liew, said the overall crime index in January to August dropped 16.24 per cent over the same period last year.

Street crimes have also seen a significant decrease to 37 per cent in the same time period, he said in a statement here yesterday regarding the GTP’s performance update recently.

Liew said the positive results were driven by, among others, police omnipresence (2,026 per day), diligence at various crime hotspots, the mobilisation of 372,550 Rakan Cop members, 105,850 voluntary patrol scheme members in addition to the reassignment of 6,791 police personnel to the frontline and 3,814 civilians to police desk jobs.

In education, an additional 54,569 children have benefited from 1,358 pre-school classes and all primary and secondary schools in the country have been ranked and have submitted their plans to enhance their performance under the School Improvement Programme (SIP).

As for rural basic infrastructure, 469km of roads have been completed, 1,664 houses built, 1,886 houses connected with electricity, and 6,576 houses connected with clean and treated water nationwide.

Liew said the government’s effort to reduce hardcore poverty had also shown tremendous results with a total of 23,679 or 47 per cent of 44,643 hardcore poor households had been removed from the category.

Urban public transport also registered positive results where the daily ridership of light rail transit has increased by an additional 2.4 million passenger or 8.4 per cent.

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Working towards a holistic change

Friday, June 11th, 2010

Excerpts from the 10th Malaysia Plan speech by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak in the Dewan Rakyat yesterday

OUR journey towards Vision 2020 is full of challenges and uncertainties at the global level. The global economic landscape today has changed significantly and Malaysia can no longer depend on a low-cost structure to remain competitive internationally. Globalisation, liberalisation and the emergence of countries, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, the Middle East and countries in the region have intensified the competition for trade and investment.

Apart from external factors, Malaysia faces various internal challenges to drive economic growth to a higher level, while having to implement a prudent fiscal policy. The nation is confronted with the challenge of providing a conducive investment environment as well as developing high quality human capital, which are critical to enable the shift to a higher level of value added and productivity.

During the 10th Malaysia Plan, the gross national income per capita is targeted to increase to RM38,850, or US$12,140, in 2015. This requires achieving real GDP growth of 6 per cent per annum.

Growth will be led by the services and manufacturing sectors, in addition to revitalising the agriculture sector towards higher value-added as well as the adoption of information communications technology (ICT), biotechnology and other relevant technologies.

A key challenge of the 10MP is to stimulate private sector investments to grow at 12.8 per cent per annum or RM115 billion per annum. At the same time, the government is committed to reducing the fiscal deficit from 5.3 per cent of the GDP in 2010 to less than 3 per cent in 2015. In addition, the government will ensure that the living standards as well as the quality of life of the rakyat continues to improve, particularly for the bottom 40 per cent household income group.

Transforming the nation towards achieving Vision 2020 requires a holistic and focused approach. We can only succeed if we put our hearts and minds to it. This plan is based on 10 ideas, which have been translated into 10 Main Premises:

- Internally driven, externally aware.

- Leveraging on our diversity internationally.

- Transforming to a high-income nation through specialisation.

- Unleashing productivity-led growth and innovation.

- Nurturing, attracting and retaining top talent.

- Ensuring equality of opportunities and safeguarding the vulnerable.

- Concentrated growth, inclusive development.

- Supporting effective and smart partnerships.

- Valuing our environmental endowments.

- Government as a competitive corporation.

To achieve the aspirations of the 10MP, five key strategic thrusts have been identified. These thrusts are holistic and comprehensive strategies to achieve the objectives and targets set in the 10MP. The five thrusts are as follows:

- Designing government philosophy and approach to transform Malaysia using NKRA methodology.

- Creating a conducive environment for unleashing economic growth.

- Moving towards inclusive socio-economic development.

- Developing and retaining a first-world talent base.

- Building an environment that enhances quality of life.

FIRST STRATEGIC THRUST: The transformation of the nation requires the transformation of the government machinery to support changes in the economic landscape. To emerge as a competitive nation at the global level, the government needs to increasingly act as a competitive corporation.

In pursuing our aspiration to become an advanced and high-income country, we can no longer resort to mere incremental measures but instead, the government must implement transformational measures, while, at the same time, pursuing its social justice agenda. For these reasons, the government will uphold four main pillars, that is, the “four by four” formula:

- The 1Malaysia, People First, Performance Now philosophy.

- The Government Transformation Programme or GTP.

- The Economic Transformation Programme or ETP, which rests on the New Economic Model.

- The five-year development plans, which are the 10th and 11th Malaysia Plans.

These four main pillars are supported by four complementary values:

- Acculturation of creativity and innovation.

- Emphasis on speed of decision-making and execution.

- Value for money.

- Integrity values.

The government’s transformation measures currently being undertaken began with the implementation of the six national key result areas, or NKRAs. Through the NKRAs, the government is determined to reduce crime, fight corruption, improve student outcomes, raise living standards of low-income households, improve rural basic infrastructure and urban public transport.

The consultative approach with the public and private sectors as well as non-governmental organisations (NGOs) has been adopted to ensure that the wants and needs of people are taken into account.

To date, many of the initiatives under the NKRAs have borne fruit. For example, the overall crime index dropped by 15 per cent in the first quarter of 2010 compared with the target of 5 per cent in 2010. In the effort to fight corruption, the Whistleblower Act was approved by this august house in April 2010.

Under the NKRA on urban public transport, measures to realign the routes linking main towns have increased ridership by 13 per cent. For the NKRA on education, about 18,000 children have benefited from 929 preschool classes.

Continuous initiatives have been identified by Pemudah to enhance government efficiency and procedures. These have resulted in marked improvements in many areas. For example, beginning April 1, the time taken to start a business was significantly reduced to three days from 11 days.

Today, registration of land transfers can be completed in one day compared with 30 days previously.

Effective May 11,  there are 26 locations nationwide where Malaysian international passports can be issued within one hour.

Moving forward, the government will focus on efforts to develop non-physical infrastructure, including human capital development such as skills development and strong innovation capabilities.

Meanwhile, the 10MP allocation for non-physical infrastructure will be increased to 40 per cent, compared with 21.8 per cent in the 9MP. Focus will be given to skills development programmes, R&D activities and venture capital funding geared towards promoting a higher level of innovation in the country.

This approach is also in line with efforts to encourage the private sector to invest in physical infrastructure and provide services such as skills training. To support this objective, the government will shift its focus to the private sector for procurement of services. This means that the private sector will compete to offer skills training services at competitive costs.

To ensure the best talents remain in the civil service, the framework for human resource management and career development will be improved. Opportunities for civil servants to increase their knowledge and field of expertise will be expanded.

In this respect, a world-class civil service college will be established to raise the competency of civil servants.

SECOND STRATEGIC THRUST: The main approach in transforming to a high-income economy will be to adopt strategies based on specialisation, given that strong and sustainable competitiveness is difficult to achieve without specialisation. This plan will focus on 12 national key economic areas or NKEAs which have potential to generate high income.

Apart from 11 sectors, Greater Kuala Lumpur has also been selected as an NKEA as it has the potential to become a world-class city that can be a driver of economic growth. Details of the NKEA will be finalised in the Economic Transformation Programme, which will be announced in October. The following are the NKEAs:

- Oil and gas;

- Palm oil and related products;

- Financial services;

- Wholesale and retail;

- Tourism;

- Information and communications technology (ICT);

- Education services;

- Electrical and electronic;

- Business services;

- Private healthcare;

- Agriculture; and

- Greater Kuala Lumpur.

An Economic Transformation Unit will be established to plan and coordinate the implementation and development of the NKEAs.

In addition, the application of high technology will be emphasised in the development of NKEAs. Technology platforms such as biotechnology, nanotechnology and high-end engineering will further increase the impact of the NKEAs on economic growth.

For economic sectors not listed as NKEAs, such as green technology, automotive, aerospace and logistics, the development of these sectors will continue to be driven by relevant ministries, agencies and councils.

The achievement of the 6 per cent per annum growth target for the 10MP period requires a significant leap in investment activities led by a more dynamic private sector. To achieve this goal, the Malaysian Investment Development Authority (Mida) has been corporatised and rebranded.

In addition, business regulations that are outdated will be abolished. Towards this end, the Malaysian Productivity Corporation (MPC) will be restructured to spearhead a comprehensive review of business regulations and improve processes and procedures to increase the productivity and competitiveness of major economic sectors.

Healthy competition is needed to make the economy more efficient and dynamic. For this, the Competition Law will be introduced to provide a regulatory framework against market manipulation and cartel practices that may affect market efficiency.

A Competition Commission and Appeal Tribunal will be established to ensure more orderly and effective implementation of the law.

China, India and the Middle East are among the rapidly growing economies. Malaysia, which has historical and commercial links with these countries and is strategically located, must strengthen its relationship with these countries, including East Asia. Therefore, Malaysia must focus on building the regional markets through trade promotions and trade agreements. In addition, we will continue to strengthen existing economic relations with Europe and the United States.

I am confident that the measures we will implement can make Malaysia one of the best countries to do business in, particularly in the Asian region. According to the World Bank Report, Malaysia is now ranked 23rd out of 183 countries for ease of doing business. The government believes that the country will be ranked among the top 10 by 2015.

This is not impossible given that Malaysia has leaped to become the 10th most competitive country within a year based on the recent report of the Institute for Management Development. Malaysia is the only Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) and Non-Aligned Movement country in this top 10 list.

However, the government will not rest on its laurels and will continue to strive to be among the top five in the world in the future.

Smart and effective partnerships between the public and private sectors will be established to drive the economic transformation agenda. This new wave of public-private partnership (PPP) will ensure equitable sharing of risks and returns.

To date, 52 high-impact projects worth RM63 billion have been identified for implementation. These include:

- Seven highway projects at an estimated cost of RM19 billion ringgit. Among the projects are the West Coast Expressway, Guthrie-Damansara Expressway, Sungai Juru Expressway and Paroi-Senawang-KLIA Expressway.

- Two coal electricity generation plants at an estimated cost of RM7 billion ringgit.

- Development of the Malaysian Rubber Board’s land in Sungai Buloh, Selangor covering an area of 3,300 acres at an estimated cost of RM10 billion ringgit.

The private sector will also have the opportunity to participate in the development of several projects led by government-linked companies (GLCs). These include projects such as the Kuala Lumpur Strategic Development by 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) covering the Sungai Besi Airport area, the KL International Financial District in Kuala Lumpur, construction of the liquefied natural gas regasification plant by Petronas in Malacca at an estimated cost of RM3 billion, as well as two aluminium smelters in SCORE Sarawak with an estimated cost of RM18 billion.

To help the private sector finance these projects, a Facilitation Fund of RM20 billion will be provided under the 10MP. This fund aims to help bridge the private sector viability gap with respect to projects that have a strategic impact and those with huge economic spillover. The fund is expected to attract private sector investments worth at least RM200 billion during the plan period.

Projects being considered for financing under this fund include Land Reclamation in Westport in Port Klang, Malaysia Truly Asia Centre in Kuala Lumpur, and Senai High Technology Park in Iskandar Malaysia, Johor.

As we all know, economic growth thus far has been driven by factors of production, mainly investment, energy and labour. The shift to high income will need growth that is based on productivity and led by innovation. For that purpose, the government will establish a special unit under the Prime Minister’s Department to set the direction and drive the National Innovation System and innovation policies and strategies.

An important measure in the 10MP is improving the method of financing for public venture capital companies. Currently, government financing for public venture capital companies, such as the Malaysian Technology Development Corporation and Malaysian Venture Capital, is provided through long-term loans.

In this plan, financing will be in the form of equity to match the risk profile of venture capital investment. For this purpose, the Mudharabah Innovation Fund (MIF), with an allocation of RM500 million, will be introduced to provide risk capital to government venture capital companies. To bridge the financing gap between the early stage of commercialisation and venture capital financing for high tech products, the government will set up a Business Growth Fund with an initial allocation of RM150 million.

The aim of this fund is to support these companies until they can generate sufficient commercial value to attract venture capital financing and other forms of financing.

We realise many entrepreneurs have failed due to unexpected business risks. It will be a tragedy if a high-calibre and credible entrepreneur who fails once, is not given a second chance to recover and become a successful entrepreneur. We are aware of many individuals, businesses and innovation initiatives that failed the first time, but became successful later.

Hence, bankruptcy laws will be simplified to support a risk-taking culture, eliminate the stigma of failure and allow high-calibre and credible entrepreneurs who fail to become active again.

The 10MP will continue to focus on the provision of infrastructure to support national growth, while ensuring that it benefits all segments of the rakyat. The implementation of the high-speed broadband project will cover major towns, priority economic growth areas and industrial areas.

This will be complemented with the roll out of the Broadband for General Population, to provide coverage for sub-urban and rural areas. For the rural population, last-mile broadband services will be provided through wireless infrastructure, offering a variety of affordable packages.

The development of a wider and efficient multimodal transport network is also needed to support national growth. Among the major projects being implemented is Phase 2 of the East Coast Expressway from Kuantan to Kuala Terengganu, which will be completed in the plan period at a total cost of RM3.7 billion. This expressway will also be linked to the Kuantan Port, which will be upgraded to spur growth in the east coast.

Road networks to the hinterlands will also be improved.

Among them are the roads linking Kuala Lipis to Cameron Highlands and Jerantut to Sungai Lembing. In addition, the electrified double track rail project from Gemas to Johor Baru, estimated to cost RM8 billion, will be implemented to complete the electrified double track rail project from Padang Besar in the north to Johor Baru in the south.

Apart from these, will be the construction of a sewage treatment plant using green technology in Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur and at a later stage, similar plants throughout the country.

In this plan, energy supply will continue to be strengthened by creating a more competitive market and reducing energy subsidy in stages. The New Energy Policy has identified five approaches:

- Rationalising energy pricing gradually to match market price, taking into account current economic conditions and affordability to the rakyat.

- Undertaking a more strategic development of energy supply by diversifying energy resources, including renewable energy resources. Nuclear energy will also be considered as an alternative source of energy.

- Accelerating the implementation of energy efficiency initiatives in the industrial, commercial, residential and transport sectors.

- Improving governance to support the transition to market pricing, while providing assistance to mitigate impact on the low income group.

- Ensuring that the New Energy Policy is implemented based on an integrated approach and according to schedule to achieve energy supply security.

Regional economic development will focus on a number of dense urban clusters with high-value industries to attract investments and skilled workforce. This is intended to transform several cities in Malaysia as destinations to attract high-tech investments, talent and knowledge workers.

The cluster-based development approach that will be adopted in the corridors will exploit the potential and available resources and serve as a catalyst to growth. Cluster development will focus on selected sectors as well as identify key investors, including GLCs and the private sector, to lead the development of clusters in the corridors.

In addition, connectivity and linkages between the clusters and their suburban and rural hinterland will be improved to ensure direct benefit to these areas.

The government will continue to support SME development, including small companies still in the early stage, and companies that have the potential to become global. We will also encourage foreign SMEs to collaborate with local SMEs, particularly in modern technology, so that they can mutually benefit from the transfer of technology and access to wider markets.

To ensure that the SMEs have better access to financing facilities, the government established the Working Capital Guarantee Scheme totalling RM7 billion and the Industry Restructuring Loan Guarantee Scheme totalling RM3 billion, which I announced under the Second Economic Stimulus Package. The entire RM7 billion under the Working Capital Guarantee Scheme has been approved.

In view of the encouraging response to the Working Capital Guarantee Scheme, the government will provide an additional RM3 billion under 10MP, making it a total of RM10 billion ringgit.

The government is aware that there are local SMEs that have penetrated international markets but face problems gaining a foothold locally. There are also SMEs that have obtained domestic recognition or international awards in terms of quality and innovation. Such SMEs will be given green-lane access or priority in the procurement processes of the government and GLCs.

The government views seriously the provision of credit facilities for SMEs to facilitate their participation in key economic activities. In this regard, the government will consider increasing the financial resources of the SME and the Agro Bank to enable them to provide effective services to SME entrepreneurs. In addition, SME Corp will be provided adequate financial allocation to ensure that SMEs with potential to succeed receive appropriate assistance.

The government will continue to undertake relevant initiatives in ensuring a better future for the rakyat. Development policies will be driven by the principles of progressiveness and pragmatism in the interest of the rakyat. However, we will always abide and uphold the Federal Constitution with the highest regard and sanctity.

The Bumiputera development agenda will continue to be addressed in line with the concept of growth with distribution. In view of the increasingly challenging global and domestic economic environment, there is a need to transform the Bumiputera development agenda to enhance participation among competitive and resilient Bumiputera companies.

This new approach will be based on four key principles: market-friendly, needs-based, merit-based and transparency.

Priority will be given to enhancing Bumiputera capabilities. In this regard, emphasis will be given to leveraging on past achievements. Support will be given to potential Bumiputera enterprises that have demonstrated their capability and credibility to enable them to move towards higher value-added activities in line with the government’s aspiration.

The objective of Bumiputera ownership restructuring in the early 1970s was focused on equity ownership. Going forward, the measurement of Bumiputera participation in the economy will be enhanced to include financial and non-financial assets, such as real estate and business premises as well as professional employment.

This holistic and comprehensive approach focuses not only on the aspect of wealth ownership, but also the aspects of income enhancement, in line with the government’s aspiration to become a high-income nation. At the same time, the target of achieving at least 30 per cent Bumiputera corporate equity ownership at macro level remains.

Accordingly, five strategic initiatives to strengthen the Bumiputera development agenda have been identified for implementation as follows:

- Increasing Bumiputera equity ownership through institutionalisation. In this regard, private equity programmes in government-linked investment companies, such as Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB), Lembaga Tabung Angkatan Tentera and Tabung Haji will be renewed, strengthened and expanded to consolidate and pool various funds to broaden ownership and control of Bumiputera equity.

In this context, Ekuinas was established as a Bumiputera private equity investment institution.

Ekuinas has a similar function as PNB, with special emphasis on investment in high potential medium-sized companies, to be supported to become champions and leaders in their respective sectors.

Ekuinas will adopt a new approach which is more market-friendly and merit-based. In this regard, the government will support credible Bumiputera entrepreneurs and capable Bumiputera professionals to expand their businesses to a higher level at the domestic, regional and international arena.

- Increasing Bumiputera property ownership. In this context, Pelaburan Hartanah Berhad will establish a Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) to facilitate Bumiputera investment in commercial and industrial properties and benefit from property appreciation.

In addition, Kampong Baru, a valuable Bumiputera asset in the heart of Kuala Lumpur, will be redeveloped to enable landowners to realise and unlock the value of their properties without affecting the Malay ownership.

- Improving skill and entrepreneurial development programmes and funding through various Bumiputera development agencies. An integrated development package will be provided to the Bumiputera Commercial and Industrial Community to strengthen their competitiveness and resilience.

The package will include entrepreneurial training, technical assistance, financing, consulting services, promotion and marketing. To improve access to financing facilities, RM1.5 billion or half of the additional Working Capital Guarantee Scheme of RM3 billion ringgit, which I announced earlier, will be allocated to Bumiputera entrepreneurs.

In addition, entrepreneurial development organisations, such as Mara and Perbadanan Usahawan Nasional Berhad (PUNB), will be strengthened. For this, an allocation of RM3 billion will be provided;

- Developing professional Bumiputera employment in a more holistic manner. In terms of employment creation, we have successfully produced large numbers of Bumiputera professionals, including accountants, engineers, medical specialists, lawyers and others in the corporate sector.

Currently, Bumiputeras participate in all professions and even lead in the fields of engineering, medicine, law, surveying and architecture. During the period 2000-2008, Bumiputera overall employment increased from 56 per cent to 63 per cent, while in the managerial and professional category, it increased from 46 per cent to 51 per cent.

- Establishing a high-level council to plan, coordinate and monitor the implementation of the Bumiputera development agenda. I will lead this council, made up of relevant cabinet ministers, senior government officials and the private sector.

The Economic Planning Unit in the Prime Minister’s Department will be the secretariat to the council. The Project Management Unit in the Finance Ministry will monitor the implementation of programmes to ensure their efficient and effective implementation.

The intention of my walkabouts is to receive feedback on difficulties faced by the rakyat.

The 10MP will focus on raising the income and quality of life of the bottom 40 per cent household income group. Bumiputera form the largest number, that is 73 per cent of the 2.4 million households in this group.

In order to enhance competitiveness and market efficiency, as well as ensure more optimal utilisation of resources, price controls and subsidies need to be reduced in stages to eliminate market distortions and abuses. However, any subsidy reduction will only be undertaken after taking into consideration the feedback from the rakyat.

I wish to give the assurance that the lower-income group and those most vulnerable will continue to be given assistance to mitigate the impact of any subsidy reduction on their cost of living.

Specific focus will be given to disadvantaged groups, especially those living in the interior, those who live in longhouses in Sabah and Sarawak, as well as the Orang Asli and estate workers in Peninsular Malaysia.

There are still pockets of people living without electricity and water supply, and with limited access to health facilities. There are school-children who have to make arduous daily trips to schools. I assure you that we will address issues of the less fortunate and free them from the poverty trap.

I want to ensure that the prosperity resulting from the country’s development will be enjoyed by all Malaysians, to those in a Malay kampung in Grik, Perak; to Orang Asli communities in Pos Titom, Cameron Highlands; Indian estate workers in Mary Plantation Estate, Kuala Selangor; residents of Chinese new village in Pasir Hitam, Perak; Iban communities in Mujong Balleh, Sarawak; and Rungus communities in Kudat, Sabah.

For this, the government will intensify the implementation of economic programmes and the provision of basic amenities. It is also considering granting land titles to the Orang Asli and Bumiputeras of Sabah and Sarawak. This will enable them to benefit from integrated agricultural development programmes through the agropolitan and contract farming approaches.

They will also be given better access to infrastructure and public facilities, such as roads, education and skill training.

Focus will also be given to improving the quality of life of workers in estates and displaced estate workers. Water supply will be provided to 182 estates, up to 1,000 acres in size and located less than 5km from the water mains, costing RM109 million.

Skills training will be provided, especially to school dropouts, to enhance their employability. Those interested to venture into small businesses will be given appropriate access to AIM and Tekun micro-credit facilities and this will help to address urban poverty. This loan scheme will be packaged together with entrepreneurship training to develop their capabilities in areas such as financial management, preparation of business plan, marketing and promotion.

The training will be conducted in Institut Keusahawanan Negara (Insken), Pusat GiatMara and Institut Kemajuan Desa (Infra).

Residents of Chinese new villages will also be given assistance. Currently, there are about 280,000 households in these new villages. The residents will be provided soft loans to assist them to pay their land premiums and renewals of leasehold. The loan will be channelled through Bank Simpanan Nasional and an initial fund of RM100 million will be provided.

In addition, the cabinet committees for Indians as well as Sabah and Sarawak Bumiputera affairs will continue to address the issues of the respective communities.

Many countries, particularly developed nations, have adopted comprehensive and open policies in attracting the best talent, including Malaysians. A skilled and knowledgeable workforce is the cutting edge of a nation’s competitiveness.

In this regard, the government will implement holistic measures to strengthen education and training systems, from early childhood to tertiary education. Aside from providing the best teaching and learning infrastructure, it will also ensure that the quality of teachers and educators are of a high level.

To improve the quality of pupils, the proportion of graduate teachers in primary schools will be increased from 28 to 60 per cent. The performance of pupils in critical subjects, particularly Bahasa Malaysia, English, Science and Mathematics, will also be improved by increasing the number of quality teachers.

To achieve this goal, the programme enabling non-graduate teachers to attain degrees will be intensified. To improve the quality of preschool teachers, the qualification requirement  will be raised to a diploma and bachelor’s degree.

The government will also implement measures to establish teaching as a profession of choice.

In order to meet the demand for quality Mandarin language teachers in Chinese vernacular schools and national schools, those with Unified Examination Certification and Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) will be considered for enrolment into the Chinese Language Programme in Institutes of Teacher Education.

The same consideration will also be given to those with Sijil Menengah Agama or Sijil Tinggi Agama and SPM to become teachers in J-Qaf and Islamic Education Programme.

The government has also established high-performing schools to enable students to achieve excellence in all aspects of education. Twenty schools have been awarded the status of high-performing schools based on their achievement and performance. This number  will be increased to 100

Milestones along the roadmap

Friday, March 26th, 2010


Providing each student in Malaysia with a world-class education requires unprecedented co-ordination between educators, government administrators and parents to ensure the right policies and academic practices are delivered in the classrooms and reinforced in homes.

One of the Education Ministry’s target is to increase the pre-school enrolment rate of both four and five-year olds and improve the quality of the system.

The enrolment in pre-school classes has already increased to 69%, up from 67% since January.

The ministry’s goal is to reach 72% by the end of the year and 87% by 2020.

The ministry’s LINUS programme (Literacy and Numeracy Screening), targeted at struggling students, is also well into its implementation.

The training target of 15,500 LINUS teachers has recently been met and the screening process to identify struggling students is nearing completion.

The objective to develop high performing schools in order to lift the performance of all schools in the system was also announced recently. Twenty High-Performing Schools were identified and a School Improvement Programme is underway to help lift the performance of struggling schools.

The ministry has also set out to improve the performance of head teachers and principals via performance management.

A performance management system for head teachers is an important step in ensuring that the best teachers are provided with the tools and incentives to mentor other teachers.

The “New Deal” for teachers recognises excellence in both leadership in the school and in the classroom and aims to improve the overall quality of education for students.

The programme, which is already underway, will provide financial rewards for teachers who exceed their achievement targets. The ministry has set a demanding target of 6% of teachers to exceed their performance targets by 2012, up from the current level of 2%.

by Yeng Ai Chun.

Sasaran enam teras NKRA

Tuesday, February 2nd, 2010

PUTRAJAYA: Kerajaan memperkenalkan Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) dan Petunjuk Prestasi Utama (KPI) bagi mewujudkan elemen kebertanggungjawaban yang serius di kalangan anggota pentadbiran dan penjawat awam.

Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Najib Razak berkata ia juga bagi memastikan rakyat mendapat gambaran lebih jelas mengenai hala tuju pembangunan negara.

* Mengurangkan jenayah jalanan sebanyak 20 peratus pada akhir 2010.

* Semua perolehan kerajaan menggunakan tender terbuka atau tender terhad bagi memerangi rasuah.

* Pendidikan prasekolah dijadikan sebahagian sistem pendidikan kebangsaan dalam aliran perdana bagi memperluas akses pendidikan berkualiti.

* Membanteras kemiskinan tegar menjelang 31 Disember 2010.

* Peruntukan RM10.9 bilion bagi membina jalan, bekalan air dan elektrik, selain baik pulih 50,000 rumah menjelang 2012.

* Menetapkan 25 peratus penduduk Lembah Klang menggunakan pengangkutan awam pada akhir 2012.

“Kepemimpinan tidak akan bermakna jika bukan berpaksikan pencapaian yang akan membolehkan perkhidmatan awam dan anggota pentadbiran dinilai secara menyeluruh daripada aspek kuantitatif dan kualitatif.

“NKRA dan KPI diperkenalkan kerana tidak mahu rakyat sebagai pelanggan utama berada dalam keadaan teraba-raba dan samar apakah inisiatif, rencana dan hala tuju pembangunan yang sedang digembleng oleh kerajaan.

“Saya mahu segala rancangan pembangunan negara demi kesejahteraan rakyat dimaklum dan diketahui agar mereka dapat memantau dan menilai pencapaian sasaran yang ditetapkan,” katanya.

Beliau berucap pada majlis Perhimpunan Perdana Menteri Bersama Anggota Pentadbiran, Penjawat Awam dan Syarikat Berkaitan Kerajaan (GLC) di Pusat Konvensyen Antarabangsa Putrajaya (PICC), di sini semalam.

Najib menerusi ucapan bertajuk Merevolusi Pengurusan Perkhidmatan Kerajaan: Pencapaian Diutamakan, memperincikan KPI setiap enam NKRA yang masing-masing diterajui oleh enam menteri, iaitu;

* Timbalan Perdana Menteri, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin – Meluaskan akses kepada pendidikan berkualiti dan berkemampuan.

* Menteri Dalam Negeri, Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein – Mengurangkan kadar jenayah.

* Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Seri Mohamed Nazri Aziz – Memerangi rasuah.

* Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat, Datuk Seri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil – Meningkat taraf hidup rakyat berpendapatan rendah.

* Menteri Kemajuan Luar Bandar dan Wilayah, Datuk Seri Shafie Apdal – Memperkasa prasarana luar bandar dan pedalaman.

* Menteri Pengangkutan, Datuk Seri Ong Tee Keat – Menambah baik pengangkutan awam dalam jangka masa sederhana.

Najib juga berkata, setiap NKRA akan dikenal pasti menerusi KPI tersendiri dengan sasaran khusus supaya pencapaiannya dapat diukur.

Katanya, sistem KPI banyak diguna pakai oleh syarikat korporat dan dijadikan sebagai radas timbangan kerja yang berkesan, selain diterima pakai dengan jayanya oleh kerajaan negara maju seperti Britain, Australia dan Kanada.

“Dengan adanya KPI, segala prosedur akan diperkemas, segala sumber dan tenaga dalam organisasi akan digembleng dan segala usaha akan ditumpu untuk mencapai sasaran yang dipateri dalam satu tempoh masa munasabah yang dijanjikan,” katanya.

Perdana Menteri berkata, pada akhirnya rakyat akan memperoleh semua faedah daripada usaha itu, manakala beliau sendiri akan bertanggungjawab secara keseluruhan terhadap matlamat NKRA dan pencapaian KPI.

“Setiap minggu saya akan berjumpa setiap menteri peneraju bagi menilai pencapaian KPI yang ditentukan. Dalam setiap enam minggu saya akan dapat menyelesaikan satu pusingan penilaian pencapaian bagi enam lapangan NKRA seperti yang direncanakan,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, keutamaan yang digariskan adalah sesuatu yang besar dan penting membabitkan komitmen mendalam dan tuntutan tinggi kepada anggota pentadbiran dan penjawat awam secara kolektif.

“Amanah yang diberikan rakyat di atas jemala pentadbiran ini bukanlah perkara yang mudah, sebaliknya saya bertanggungjawab untuk membuat perkara yang betul walaupun ia sukar.

“Jelas sekali kita tidak mempunyai pilihan, sama ada kita bergerak maju dengan penuh yakin atau mengambil risiko untuk ditinggalkan dalam perlumbaan global yang sengit ini.” katanya.

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Pointers 6 Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA)

Tuesday, February 2nd, 2010

Soalan Dan Jawapan

1. Bilakan Perdana Menteri Dato’ Seri Najib Tun Razak mengumumkan 6 National Key Result Area (NKRA)?

• Pada Isnin (27 Julai 2009), Perdana Menteri Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak telah mengumumkan Indeks Prestasi Utama (KPI) enam teras Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA), termasuk membabitkan bidang usaha bagi mengurangkan kadar jenayah, dan memerangi rasuah. Bidang-bidang lain termasuk meluaskan akses kepada pendidikan berkualiti dan berkemampuan; meningkatkan taraf hidup rakyat berpendapatan rendah; memperkasa prasarana luar bandar dan pedalaman; dan menambah baik pengangkutan awam dalam jangka masa sederhana.

2. Siapakah Menteri-menteri  yang bertanggungjawab menerajui 6 NKRA berkenaan?

• Bagi setiap NKRA, seorang menteri akan dilantik sebagai ‘lead minister’ atau menteri pimpinan bagi menerajui NKRA yang ditetapkan. Menteri-menteri yang dilantik ialah:

I. Bagi NKRA untuk meluaskan akses pendidikan berkualiti dan berkemampuan, menterinya ialah Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin (Timbalan Perdana Menteri, Menteri Pelajaran)

II. Bagi NKRA mengurangkan kadar jenayah, Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein (Menteri Dalam Negeri)

III. Bagi NKRA memerangi rasuah, Datuk Seri Mohamed Nazri Aziz (Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri).

IV. Bagi NKRA tingkatkan taraf hidup rakyat berpendapatan rendah pula menterinya ialah Datuk Seri Shahrizat Abdul Jalil (Menteri Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat)

V. Bagi NKRA memperkasa prasarana luar bandar dan pedalaman ialah Datuk Seri Shafie Apdal (Menteri Kemajuan Luar Bandar dan Wilayah)

VI. Bagi NKRA menambah baik pengangkutan awam, menterinya ialah Datuk Seri Ong Tee Keat (Menteri Pengangkutan).

3. Bagaimanakah NKRA dilaksanakan?

• Perdana Menteri akan bertanggungjawab secara keseluruhan terhadap matlamat NKRA dan pencapaian KPI tersebut

• KPI akan diletakkan kepada setiap 6 jurusan NKRA. Setiap NKRA, akan dikenal pasti pula KPI-KPI nya dengan sasaran khusus agar dapat diukur. Berpandukan dengan KPI ini, segala prosedur akan diperkemas, segala sumber dan tenaga dalam organisasi akan digembleng dan segala usaha akan ditumpu untuk mencapai sasaran yang di pateri dalam satu tempoh masa munasabah yang dijanjikan

• Setiap minggu PM akan berjumpa dengan setiap ‘lead minister’ ini bagi menilai pencapaian KPI yang ditentukan. Maknanya dalam setiap enam minggu, PM akan dapat menyelesaikan satu pusingan penilaian pencapaian bagi enam lapangan NKRA seperti yang direncanakan.

• Bukan itu sahaja, anggota Jemaah Menteri lain yang tidak termasuk dalam NKRA juga tidak terkecuali daripada mempunyai KPI kerana mereka tetap dipertanggungjawabkan untuk mencapai KPI kementerian masing-masing, yang akan dinilai oleh Perdana Menteri sendiri setiap enam bulan.

• Sebagai bukti tahap kebersungguhan untuk menjayakan rencana ini, 3 bengkel khusus telah diadakan di peringkat Jemaah Menteri. Bengkel-bengkel tersebut adalah bagi merangka, memperincikan dan mencari penyelesaian terhadap isu-isu yang berbangkit. Sesungguhnya, kita komited melakukan proses transformasi melalui pengurusan berteraskan pencapaian dengan menggunakan kaedah penetapan NKRA dan pengukuran KPI. Ini semua dilakukan bagi memastikan pada analisa akhir rakyatlah yang akan memperoleh faedahnya.

4. Latar belakang merevolusikan pengurusan

Perkhidmatan Kerajaan : Pencapaian Diutamakan

• Pada hari pertama dilantik menjadi Perdana Menteri, PM telah menyatakan dengan jelas bahawa kepimpinan negara di bawah panji pentadbiran kini akan membawa pendekatan baru, bagi menempa sebuah zaman baru dan bakal menjelmakan pula sebuah kerajaan yang mengutamakan pencapaian berpaksikan kepentingan rakyat.

• Pada 28hb April, PM telah mengutarakan Key Performance Indicator atau Petunjuk Prestasi Utama ringkasnya KPI, yang akan menjadi piawai kepada pencapaian anggota pentadbiran dan penjawat awam. KPI merupakan satu amalan penting dalam pengurusan prestasi untuk menilai dan mengukur sasaran yang ditetapkan oleh sesuatu organisasi seperti kementerian atau agensi kerajaan secara objektif. KPI telah diguna pakai oleh banyak syarikat korporat dan didapati sebagai radas timbangan kerja yang sangat berkesan. Malah, mekanisme ini juga diterima pakai dengan jayanya oleh kerajaan di negara-negara maju seperti Britain, Australia dan Kanada.

• Ini kerana Kepimpinan tidak akan bermakna jika ia tidak berpaksikan kepada pencapaian. Hatta, kemuncak kepada penilaian rakyat berkait kepimpinan sektor awam mahupun politik adalah pencapaian. Metodologi ini juga akan membolehkan perkhidmatan awam bahkan anggota pentadbiran dinilai secara menyeluruh dari aspek kuantitatif dan kualitatif.

• Pada hari ke seratus pentadbiran PM baru-baru ini, PM telah mengumumkan 6 bidang keberhasilan utama nasional atau National Key Results Area, singkatannya NKRA. Ia menjadi bidang-bidang yang diberi keutamaan di peringkat kebangsaan.

5. Apakah tujuan pelaksanaan NKRA?

• Tujuan PM memperkenalkan NKRA dan KPI adalah bagi memastikan elemen kebertanggungjawaban yang serius, wujud di kalangan anggota pentadbiran dan juga penjawat awam.

• Puncanya ialah, PM tidak mahu rakyat sebagai klien utama berada dalam keadaan teraba-raba dan samar, akan apakah inisiatif, rencana dan hala tuju pembangunan yang sedang digembleng oleh Kerajaan.

• PM mahu segala rancangan pembangunan negara demi kesejahteraan rakyat ini di maklum dan diketahui oleh rakyat agar mereka dapat memantau dan menilai pencapaian sasaran seperti yang ditetapkan.

• PM turut  meletakkan KPI kepada 6 jurusan NKRA tersebut. Untuk setiap NKRA, akan dikenal pasti pula KPI-KPI-nya dengan sasaran secara khusus agar dapat diukur. Dengan adanya KPI ini, maka segala prosedur akan diperkemas, segala sumber dan tenaga dalam organisasi akan digembleng dan segala usaha akan ditumpu untuk mencapai sasaran yang di pateri dalam satu tempoh masa munasabah yang dijanjikan.

6. Apakah perincian 6 Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Nasional (NKRA)?

1) NKRA yang pertama :Mengurangkan Kadar Jenayah

• Sesebuah negara yang menuju ambang kemajuan seperti Malaysia perlu berada dalam keadaan aman dan damai. Jauh dari segala bentuk ancaman dan jenayah. Walau bagaimanapun di mana-mana negara di dunia pencegahan jenayah secara total tidak mungkin dapat dicapai. Pastinya ada sahaja dari masa ke semasa kejadian-kejadian yang sukar untuk dielakkan daripada ianya berlaku.

• Oleh yang demikian, kerajaan memandang serius isu pencegahan jenayah dan meletakkan keutamaan pengurangan kadar jenayah sebagai salah satu NKRA di bawah Kementerian Dalam Negeri. Untuk itu, kerajaan telah mengenal pasti NKRA pengurangan jenayah dan di pecah bahagi kepada tiga bahagian iaitu:

i) Jenayah jalanan

Jenayah jalanan diberi penekanan kerana didapati ia mendatangkan trauma dan ketakutan berpanjangan kepada ahli keluarga juga anggota masyarakat. Apa yang dimaksudkan dengan jenayah jalanan termasuklah curi ragut, samun tanpa bersenjata dan samun berkawan tanpa bersenjata api. Statistik menunjukkan jenayah kategori ini bukanlah enteng-entengan kerana ia merupakan 17% daripada keseluruhan indeks jenayah 2008. Manakala hot spots kepada jenayah jenis ini telah dikenal pasti terutamanya di empat kawasan utama iaitu Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Pulau Pinang dan Johor. Didapati, negeri-negeri ini mencatat sebanyak 72% daripada jumlah keseluruhan jenayah jalanan pada tahun 2008. Oleh sebab itu kerajaan menetapkan sasaran pengurangan jenayah jalanan ini sebanyak 20% pada penghujung tahun 2010.

ii) Keselamatan awam

Penumpuan akan diberikan dalam hal penambahbaikan persepsi rakyat terhadap keselamatan awam di mana pasukan-pasukan sukarela yang sedia ada terutamanya RELA akan dikemas kini dan diberi latihan secukupnya secara lebih teratur. Ini  termasuklah penyeragaman uniform supaya mereka dapat dilibatkan bersama PDRM khususnya dalam usaha membanteras jenayah jalanan. Dalam usaha ini, balai-balai yang berkaitan akan dinaiktarafkan serta peralatan-peralatan yang diperlukan akan turut ditambah. Selain itu, langkah-langkah pengawalan dan pencegahan akan ditingkatkan lagi dengan menambah peralatan CCTV.

iii) Peningkatan Prestasi Agensi Penguatkuasaan

Untuk menaikkan prestasi agensi penguatkuasaan pula, Kementerian Dalam Negeri akan bekerjasama dengan Jabatan Peguam Negara dan Jabatan Perdana Menteri untuk mengkaji cara-cara mempercepatkan proses perundangan terhadap kes-kes tertangguh misalnya dengan mewujudkan tribunal atau mahkamah khas bagi jenayah jalanan.

2) NKRA yang kedua – Memerangi rasuah

• Kerajaan amat komited dalam usaha memerangi rasuah. Seperti mana yang kita semua tahu, gejala rasuah haruslah dibendung sebelum ianya terus membarah. Badan antarabangsa iaitu Transparency International dalam Corruption Perception Index mereka, meletakkan Malaysia di tangga 47 pada tahun 2008 berbanding dengan kedudukan nombor 39 pada tahun 2004.

•  Oleh itu, untuk memastikan persepsi kedudukan dan ranking  Malaysia bertambah pulih pada masa hadapan, kerajaan beriltizam mengemas kini polisi, prosedur dan penguatkuasaan yang berkaitan.

• Sehubungan dengan itu, kerajaan telah pun mengambil keputusan bahawa semua perolehan kerajaan haruslah menggunakan tender terbuka atau pun tender terhad kecuali dalam kes-kes tertentu. Manakala dari segi peningkatan penguatkuasaan, kerajaan telah pun menaikkan taraf badan pencegah rasuah menjadi Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) dengan bidang kuasa dan perundangan yang lebih efektif.

3) NKRA yang ketiga  – Meluaskan Akses Kepada Pendidikan Berkualiti dan Berkemampuan

• Seperti yang semua maklum, ilmu pengetahuan menjadi kandil penyuluh yang menerangi kegelitaan hidup di dunia. Malah ilmu menjadi prasyarat kepada pembikinan mana-mana tamadun yang pernah terbina dan yang menentukan kelancangannya.  Justeru, kerajaan  akan terus mengiktiraf dan memberikan ruang kepada yang terbaik dan terbilang tanpa mengira latar keturunan mahupun taraf sosioekonomi.

• Oleh itu, dalam bidang pendidikan, PM mahu memastikan anak-anak bangsa mendapat akses kepada pendidikan berkualiti dan berkemampuan. Mahu tidak mahu, generasi muda Malaysia perlu berilmu, mesti berfikiran kreatif, berinovatif, bercirikan nilai murni serta mampu bersaing di persada internasional yang penuh cabaran ini dari kemudahan yang diberikan.

• Kerajaan akan memberikan keutamaan untuk menyediakan pendidikan yang terbaik bermula daripada peringkat asas iaitu peringkat prasekolah. Untuk itu, pendidikan prasekolah akan dijadikan sebahagian daripada sistem pendidikan kebangsaan dalam aliran perdana.

•  Adalah amat merugikan kerana terdapat kanak-kanak yang pergi ke sekolah tetapi masih tidak menguasai kemahiran membaca atau menulis apabila meninggalkan bangku pengajian. Maka, bagi menangani kemelut ini, PM telah menetapkan supaya semua kanak-kanak normal yang bersekolah boleh menguasai kemahiran membaca, menulis dan mengira ketika melangkah ke Tahun 4 sekolah rendah sebelum penghujung 2012.  Kerajaan menyedari hanya 60% sahaja anak-anak Malaysia yang dapat akses pendidikan pra sekolah, jadi KPI menjelang 2012 berharap pencapaian ini dapat dinaikkan sekurang-kurangnya kepada 80%.

• Bersesuaian dengan konsep pencapaian diutamakan pula, kepimpinan sekolah di peringkat rendah dan menengah perlu menyedari mereka adalah peneraju tapak semaian modal insan nasional. Berkaitan itu, kerajaan dengan ini ingin menawarkan new deal atau satu Bai’ah baru  kepada semua pengetua dan guru besar sekolah dengan janji ganjaran berasaskan pencapaian sekolah masing-masing.

• Selain itu , sebagai projek perintis, sebanyak 100 buah sekolah, terdiri daripada jenis harian biasa, sekolah bestari, kluster, trust school atau sekolah berpiagam dan sekolah berasrama penuh,  akan dikenal pasti untuk diangkat menjadi Sekolah Berprestasi Tinggi. Dengan ini, kerajaan akan menyediakan persekitaran pelajaran dan pembelajaran yang kondusif serta menggalakkan kerjasama antara sektor awam dan swasta bagi memacu lagi  pencapaian pelajar. Semua rencana ini akan dilaksanakan dalam tempoh 3 tahun sebelum penamat 2012.

4) NKRA yang keempat – Meningkat Taraf Hidup Rakyat Yang Berpendapatan Rendah

• PM bertekad untuk membanteras kemiskinan tegar menjelang 31 Disember 2010 sesuai dengan matlamat RMK9. Mengikut rekod sistem e-kasih, terdapat hampir 45,000 ketua isi rumah (KIR) miskin tegar di seluruh negara. Daripada jumlah itu, lebih 11,000 telah disahkan statusnya dan telah pun mendapat bantuan Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat. Manakala pengesahan status lebih 14,000 KIR di Sabah dan Sarawak sedang giat dijalankan oleh Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat dan dijangka selesai pada penghujung tahun 2010.

• Sehubungan ini juga, sebagai sebuah kerajaan yang prihatin, kerajaan sentiasa mendengar rintihan serta merasai denyut nadi rakyat dan tidak sekali-kali memandang mudah soal kebajikan rakyat. Kerajaan mahu setiap bantuan yang dijanjikan bukan sahaja sampai ke tangan rakyat tetapi tiba pada masa yang tepat. Oleh itu, bermula Januari 2010  semua bantuan kebajikan untuk rakyat akan dibayar pada tiap 1 hari bulan bagi bulan yang berkenaan.

•  Sememangnya, sumbangan kaum wanita kepada pembangunan negara tidak dapat dinafikan. Malah, kaum hawa membentuk separuh dari penduduk Malaysia. Bersesuaian itu kerajaan berhasrat untuk melatih dan melahirkan lebih ramai jumlah usahawan wanita. Sehingga Jun 2009 sahaja, seramai 717 wanita yang berpotensi untuk dibimbing menjadi usahawan dalam program Sahabat Amanah Ikhtiar telah dikenal pasti. Justeru, kerajaan dengan ini menetapkan matlamat untuk menambah lagi jumlah usahawan di kalangan wanita ini kepada seramai 4,000 orang  menjelang tahun 2012 melalui program Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia.

5) NKRA yang kelima : Memperkasa Prasarana Luar Bandar dan Pedalaman

• Bersesuaian dengan semangat dan konteks ajaran al Quran Surah Al-Hashr ayat 7 bahawa, janganlah hendaknya harta dan kekayaan itu beredar di kalangan orang-orang berada sahaja bahkan sepatutnya ia melimpah ke seluruh negara. Maka, atas prinsip maslahah umum juga, tiada yang sepatutnya tercicir dari merasai mahsul kemakmuran.

• Lantaran itu, pentadbiran kerajaan akan terus giat memperkasa infra luar bandar dan pedalaman. Menjelang tamatnya tahun 2010 dirancang sepanjang 750 km jalan luar bandar akan siap dibina di Sabah dan Sarawak. Jumlah ini akan ditambah lagi kepada 1,500km atau dua kali ganda daripada perancangan awal. Ini akan melibatkan peruntukan berjumlah RM4 bilion dan akan siap terlaksana sebelum penamat tahun 2012.

• Jalan-jalan yang akan dibina terdiri daripada tiga (3) kategori iaitu jalan berturap (paved), jalan kerikil (gravel) dan jalan tanah yang akan memberi kemudahan perhubungan serta faedah kepada hampir 2 juta penduduk luar bandar di Sabah dan Sarawak.

•  Manakala di Semenanjung Malaysia pula, bagi tempoh yang sama, liputan rangkaian jalan luar bandar akan dipertingkatkan bagi memastikan kesemua rakyat tinggal paling jauh pun, 5km dari kemudahan jalan berturap. Ini akan melibatkan peruntukan berjumlah RM1 bilion dan bermakna jumlah peruntukan yang diperlukan bagi penyediaan infrastruktur asas sehingga 2012 adalah sebanyak RM5 bilion.

• Pada masa ini, liputan bekalan air bersih di Sabah dan Sarawak masih belum memuaskan iaitu masing-masing di sekitar 62%. Justeru, Kerajaan telah menetapkan pada akhir RMK9 liputan bekalan air bagi kedua-dua negeri berkenaan akan dipertingkatkan kepada 70%. Kerajaan begitu serius untuk menyediakan kemudahan bekalan air bersih kepada semua rakyat dalam tempoh terdekat ini. Jadinya, tindakan segera akan diambil untuk meningkatkan liputan bekalan air sehingga 90% di Sabah dan Sarawak pada penghujung tahun 2012. Untuk tujuan ini sejumlah RM2 bilion diperuntukkan dan akan membawa kemudahan kepada 60,000 buah rumah.

• Selanjutnya, memandangkan pada masa ini liputan bekalan elektrik di Sabah dan Sarawak juga masih rendah iaitu masing-masing sekitar 80% berbanding 99% di Semenanjung, Kerajaan bermatlamat untuk meningkatkan liputan bekalan elektrik di kedua-dua negeri tersebut kepada 95% pada akhir tahun 2012. Sejumlah RM3.9 bilion akan diperuntukkan untuk tujuan ini yang akan membawa nikmat kepada 80,000 buah rumah. Kerajaan juga menyasarkan untuk memberi bekalan elektrik 24 jam kepada 7,000 rumah Orang Asli di Semenanjung pada akhir tahun 2012.

• Kerajaan turut berhasrat untuk menyediakan kemudahan kediaman yang lebih selesa kepada golongan miskin dan sehubungan itu, Kerajaan akan membina dan membaik pulih sejumlah 50,000 unit rumah bagi keperluan golongan tersebut sehingga penghujung 2012 di seluruh Malaysia.

6) NKRA yang keenam – Menambah Baik Pengangkutan Awam dalam jangka masa sederhana

• Dalam era Malaysia melangkah sebagai sebuah negara maju, kerajaan berhasrat untuk menyediakan rangkaian sistem pengangkutan awam yang komprehensif bagi memenuhi keperluan rakyat. Kerajaan sedar bahawa usaha yang serius dan bersifat jangka panjang diperlukan bagi menjayakan matlamat ini.

• Mengikut pada statistik Kementerian Pengangkutan, pada masa ini hanya 16% daripada penduduk Lembah Klang menggunakan sistem pengangkutan awam. Jadi, Kerajaan menyasarkan bahawa peratus ini akan ditingkatkan lagi kepada 25% pada penghujung tahun 2012. Namun, harus disedari, untuk meningkatkan peratus ini, ia melibatkan pelbagai pelaburan yang besar, mapan dan berjangka panjang. Walau apa pun, buat langkah permulaannya, PM mengumumkan menjelang penghujung 2012, tambahan 35 set “4-car-train” akan beroperasi untuk laluan LRT Kelana Jaya.


Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA) ini membuktikan Kerajaan di bawah pimpinan YB Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak begitu telus dan komited untuk melaksanakan transformasi perkhidmatan kerajaan yang bermutu tinggi kepada rakyat. Ini kerana dengan adanya NKRA ini rakyat boleh menilai keberkesanan kepimpinan YB Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak secara adil dan sistematik tanpa berdasarkan emosi ataupun persepsi semata-mata.

Selain daripada itu juga Kerajaan pimpinan YB PM telah memperkenalkan sistem pengukuran prestasi yang boleh membuktikan secara fakta keberkesanan setiap 6 bidang NKRA. NKRA ini juga merupakan manifestasi kerajaan dalam meletakkan amanah dan mandat rakyat di kedudukan tertinggi dan bermaruah di samping mencapai konsep 1Malaysia di mana, “ rakyat didahulukan dan pencapaian di utamakan.”

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Kakitangan Awam Digesa Fokus NKRA

Tuesday, February 2nd, 2010

PUTRAJAYA: Datuk Seri Najib Razak mahu anggota pentadbiran dan penjawat awam menumpukan pemikiran mereka terhadap enam teras Bidang Keberhasilan Utama Negara (NKRA)

Kakitangan Awam digesa fokus kepada National Key Result Areas (NKRA)….
agar dapat dilaksanakan dengan penuh komitmen bagi memenuhi jangkaan rakyat untuk melihat transformasi pembangunan lebih besar kepada negara. Perdana Menteri berkata, kini masanya untuk bertindak dan melaksanakan NKRA bagi mencapai Prestasi Petunjuk Utama (KPI) semua kementerian seperti yang beliau umumkan baru-baru ini.

“Prinsip saya yang sangat tinggi bukan saja di kalangan anggota pentadbiran, tetapi penjawat awam daripada Ketua Setiausaha Negara hingga pegawai tertinggi kerajaan yang komited untuk menjayakan NKRA.

“Ini satu petanda yang baik bahawa apabila kita amat komited dengan semangat kebersamaan ini, saya percaya ada kemungkinan besar apa diharapkan kerajaan dan jangkaan rakyat itu, insya-Allah ada harapan besar untuk dicapai.

“Sekarang ini kita dah masuk dalam ‘action mode’, ini bukan lagi kita nak sebut mengenai matlamat kita… sasaran kita, tetapi sekarang ini adalah kaedah tindakan, apa yang patut kita lakukan,” katanya pada perhimpunan bulanan Jabatan Perdana Menteri di sini, semalam.

Hadir sama, Timbalan Perdana Menteri, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin; Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri, Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Yakcop, Tan Sri Dr Koh Tsu Koon dan Ketua Setiausaha Negara, Tan Sri Sidek Hassan.

Baru-baru ini, Najib mengumumkan enam sasaran teras NKRA, iaitu mengurangkan jenayah jalanan sebanyak 20 peratus pada akhir 2010, semua perolehan kerajaan menggunakan tender terbuka atau tender terhad bagi memerangi rasuah, pendidikan prasekolah dijadikan sebahagian sistem pendidikan kebangsaan dalam aliran perdana bagi memperluas akses pendidikan berkualiti, membanteras kemiskinan tegar menjelang 31 Disember 2010, peruntukan RM10.9 bilion bagi membina jalan, bekalan air dan elektrik, selain baik pulih 50,000 rumah menjelang 2012 dan menetapkan 25 peratus penduduk Lembah Klang menggunakan pengangkutan awam pada akhir 2012.

“Kita dah kenal pasti enam NKRA untuk negara kita, setiap satu daripada enam bidang sekali dengan KPI yang lain untuk setiap kementerian adalah satu komitmen kerajaan, komitmen anggota kerajaan dan penjawat awam untuk bersama-sama dalam satu pasukan dapat memenuhi apa yang kita sudah tentukan kali ini berkait rapat dengan soal kebertanggungjawaban.

“Ini bererti kita sanggup meletakkan kepentingan kita, malah kita sanggup dikritik malah mungkin dihukum jika sekiranya gagal untuk capai sasaran yang sudah ditetapkan. Namun, sebagai kerajaan yang berasakan amat penting kita menegakkan prinsip ini kepada rakyat, jadi kita memberanikan diri menetapkan bidang NKRA dan juga sasaran utama yang perlu dicapai dalam jangka masa tertentu,” katanya.

Beliau berkata, KPI akan menjadi piawai kepada kaedah pentadbiran kerajaan, dengan cara seperti ini kerajaan percaya akan menjadi radar pertimbangan kerja yang amat berkesan.

“Saya dapat simpulkan bahawa kita ingin melakukan bukan saja perubahan, tetapi transformasi negara Malaysia dan apakah cara paling berkesan untuk mencapai transformasi yang kita hasratkan.

“Pada pengamatan saya transformasi yang kita hasratkan itu akan hanya dapat dicapai jika kita dapat mewujudkan apa yang saya sifatkan sebagai bidang keberhasilan utama. Ini adalah kerana penilaian yang paling bermakna adalah pencapaian bukanlah dari segi slogan, retorik, pidato yang sangat bermutu tapi akhirnya ia berkisar kepada prestasi,” katanya.

Najib berkata, transformasi besar yang diimpikan sama ada dalam konteks menjadikan negara maju, negara yang mempunyai ekonomi berteraskan inovasi dan maklumat atau negara berpendapatan tinggi, semuanya tidak dapat lari daripada pencapaian.

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Melta doing a good job to promote English

Sunday, November 8th, 2009

IT is heartening to know that a significant sum has been allocated in the 2010 Budget for the provision of quality and affordable education.

The focus on the four NKRA sub-components is commendable, particularly the initiative to increase literacy.

Literacy is without doubt a key element in producing high quality human capital for the nation. Nevertheless, for Malaysia to be able to make a name for herself globally, it is imperative for the nation’s workforce to be competent in the English language.

Kudos to the Education Ministry for its efforts in promoting the development of the English language at schools and institutions of higher learning.

More can and should be done to develop this initiative further, particularly by the private sector and the NGOs.

Teachers and learners these days prefer easily accessible sites for their self-development of language skills, and online forums are often the most engaging.

I would like to take this opportunity to highlight commendable efforts taken by the Malaysian English Language Teaching Association (Melta) to promote the development of the English Language in Malaysia.

One of its little-known gems is the Special Interest Groups that is readily available through its website (

Through an easily accessible online forum approach, teachers, learners and language enthusiasts have the opportunity to exchange ideas and stay informed about current developments in the English language teaching and learning.

As a language enthusiast myself, I found the discussion forums enriching as the topics on the forum are current and address everyday concerns teachers, students, parents and even professionals face with regard to the development of English proficiency. Well done, Melta!

by SS,
Bandar Seri Iskandar.

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