Physical and Health Education is a compulsory subject all primary and secondary schools. The Physical Education Curriculum has been prepared to fulfill the growth and developmental needs of the individual in order to achieve an active, peaceful and productive society. The Health Education Curriculum has been prepared to fulfill the growth and developmental needs the individual who will be a member of a society that practice a healthy lifestyle.
Allocation of time given for teaching and learning are as follows:
1. Primary school for Standard 1, 2 and 3 – 2 periods per week x 30 min. per period for Physical Education and 1 period per week x 30 min per period for Health Education.
2. Primary school for Standard 4, 5 and 6 – 2 period per week x 30 min per period (Shared with Health Education).
3. Secondary school for Form 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 – 2 periods per week x 40 min per period (Shared with Health Education).
The curriculum for Physical Education is divided into three main components namely Fitness, Skill and Sportsmanship. By the end of this programme, pupils should be able to put into practice the knowledge, skills and experiences they have acquired in Physical Education so as to make fitness a part of the Malaysian culture. The knowledge and practices in Physical Education help pupils mould their personalities and attitude in preparation to face future challenges.
The curriculum for Health Education is divided into three main components namely Personal and Family Health, Health Lifestyle and Environmental Cleanliness and Safety. Pupils should understand and practice the knowledge, skills and experience gained in Health Education so as to lead a healthy lifestyle. Pupils are trained to be prepared to adapt to the challenges of social and environmental changes.
Evaluation in Physical and Health Education is planned and carried out by the teachers at school level whereby evaluation instruments are developed by them. Evaluation is carried out through observation as well as in written and oral form. The evaluation result are used for follow-up activities to enhance pupils’ learning and improve teachers’ teaching. Reports which are school-based provide feedback to the pupils, parents and other teachers.
The Physical and Health Education curriculum comprises three important aspect, namely:
i. Pupils active participation
ii. Creative and constructive interaction
iii. Keeping of record of pupils’ activities as evidence that learning has taken place.
Physical and Health Education is being taught in the school timetable whereas sports and games activities are carried out after school as extra-curricular activities. Extra-curricular activities come under the jurisdiction of The Schools Management Division (BPSH) and Sport, Arts and Co-curriculum Division (BSSK) of the Ministry of Education.
The Ministry of Education (MoE) appreciates the writer’s feedback in “Schedule makes it difficult” by Concerned Parents – New Straits Times, 11 April 2010, page 20.
Corporate Communication Unit,
Ministry of Education Malaysia.