MENTAL REVOLUTION: Dynamic and inspiring ideas of individuals help many civilisations achieve their goals.
THE study of the ideas of individuals and of the driving ideas of the nation remain an exciting and yet a relatively unexplored domain of knowing and understanding.
Dynamic ideas are hard to come by, interesting to discover, uncover, or map out. The cartography of development ideas of the nation mirrors the cartography of ideas of different individuals across the stages of development.
The tracking of these various ideas are like the tracking of lost civilisations, lost kingdoms, lost Malay manuscripts in the sinking of the Portuguese Flor de lar Mar in 1511, the tracking of germs and bacteria or missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370. Memes are like the particles in physics, the DNA of the body of ideas.
In 1957, there was the canopy of ideas of Independence, the meaning of Independence and the meaning of voting. When so many adults were illiterate, adult literacy was important and those who were illiterate had to learn to make marks on ballot papers — the Xs.
Getting people to learn to sign their names was important, but that simple signature was part of a bigger transformation, the agenda of basic literacies of the three Rs, reading, writing and arithmetic — later on religion and moral education were included.
The basic literacies were to be for all — the agenda of universal education, primary education for all, mass education at the secondary level and elitist education in the tertiary world.
By the late 1990s, there was the articulation of the policy of the democratisation of higher education, that is universal higher education. This is one exciting tracking of a meme. There are other memes in the realm of politics, economics, law, literature and ordinary living.