Archive for October, 2018

Can studying abroad prepare for one’s future?

Sunday, October 14th, 2018

Studying abroad is a positively life-changing experience, especially in this 21st century and on the cusp of 4IR.

WE are in an exciting period in our history. Change and disruption are the norm and developing the resilience and creativity to harness this disruptive energy is increasingly seen as a requirement for success.

As the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) yields more advanced technologies that are slowly replacing human workers, young people entering the workforce need to equip themselves with the capabilities and skills that machines are not capable of, such as creativity, empathy, resilience, purpose and creating a network.

Cultivating these 21st century tools requires intentional planning and work beyond the classroom and academic curriculum. Multiple studies suggest that when it comes to enhancing the individual’s success toolbox and improving career prospects, the activity that promises the highest return on investment is studying abroad.

Research by INSEAD’s Professor William Maddux and Professor Adam Galinsky from the Kellogg School of Management and published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology showed that spending time studying abroad increased the creativity of students.

“The relationship between living abroad and creativity was consistent across a number of creativity measures including those measuring insight, association and generation,” the paper asserted.

Similar research was conducted by three scholars at the University of Florida, Gainesville, and published in the journal, Applied Cognitive Psychology. It showed that students who spent a semester or year abroad outperformed other students on measures related to critical thinking. This provides empirical evidence that studying abroad “supports complex cognitive processes that underlie creative thinking in culture specific and domain general settings”.

Further evidence was provided by The Erasmus Impact Study, commissioned by the European Commission in 2014, which found that students who study or train abroad not only gain discipline-specific knowledge in their field of study, but also strengthen key skills that are highly valued by employers.

The study reported that 64 per cent of employers think that international experience is important when they select future recruits. A similar percentage of the polled employers said that graduates with an international background are given greater professional responsibility within their respective teams.

The evidence that studying abroad is a positively life-changing experience is overwhelming. It accelerates personal and professional growth as well as intercultural awareness and career development.

Living independently, and interacting with students from a different culture, builds self-confidence and widens horizons, promoting empathy and open-mindedness.

Recognising the importance of spending time abroad, Heriot-Watt University developed the Go Global programme, which guarantees every student an opportunity to spend some time studying at an overseas campus. This can be for a two-week study trip, one semester or even one year. With campuses in the United Kingdom, Dubai and Malaysia, the university is fortunate to be able to offer its students this opportunity.

Each year 120 students transfer from the Malaysia campus to Edinburgh and Dubai, and similar numbers of students move in the opposite direction. This ensures a highly diverse campus community at all three international locations.

Students who participated in the Go Global programme reported an improvement in their academic performance and generally found it easier to land their first job in the industry of their choice. They became part of the wider, more global professional networks which enabled a number of them to land jobs with major employers overseas, continuing the journey of advancement as global citizens.

To further prepare our students for the competitive future ahead, and to enhance their employability potential, we are now working on a “work global” programme in partnership with selected key global employers. This will enable students to have the opportunity to perform their internship overseas, and to be part of professional teams working on cutting edge challenges in multiple geographical locations.

Ban Ki-moon, a former secretary general of the United Nations, said: “Saving our planet, lifting people out of poverty, advancing economic growth — these are one and the same fight. We must connect the dots between climate change, water scarcity, energy shortages, global health, food security and women empowerment. Solutions to one challenge must be solutions for all.”

The true purpose of education

Sunday, October 14th, 2018
(File pix) Education must accomplish a higher and nobler aim in line with the true nature of humanity. NSTP Photo
By DR MOHD FARID MOHD SHAHRAN - October 12, 2018 @ 8:00pm

AN ancient Greek poet, Pindar, when alluding to the importance of education, remarked that “nothing is more important or more difficult than to become a man”.

Education is no doubt the strongest pillar upon which a great nation and civilisation is built.

This is mainly due to the fact that it is the first step where the youngest generation of a nation is prepared before they move further up the social ladder.

Despite its fundamental and necessary role, debate is going on concerning the real purpose of education. Is education merely aimed at fulfilling the pragmatic, economic and political needs of a state, or must it accomplish a higher and nobler aim in line with the true nature of humans?

The sign of unsettled debate on the aim of education can be seen, for example, from the emergence of various kinds of schools and educational institutions employing different approaches towards different aims.

The problem can also be discerned from the numerous changes that take place in educational policies which usually come together with the change of government or ministers.

One of the shortcomings of modern education is that despite the ability of a nation to produce students with good intelligence, reason and cognition, they lack affective and moral character.

The rising number of white collar crimes, among others, indicates this imbalance.

In fact, continuous disparity between intelligence and character in education would lead to a more dangerous result.

Martin Luther King Jr once commented on the nature of American education: “Intelligence plus character is the goal of true education. Education which stops with efficiency may prove the greatest menace to society.

The most dangerous criminal may be the man gifted with reason but no morals.”

Syed Muhammad Naquib al-Attas, a renowned contemporary Muslim thinker, underlines the fundamental aim of education in Islam in his Concept of Education in Islam, as that of to produce a good man.

This is in response to the modern secular approach of education which only gives prominence to the fulfilment of the aim of being a good citizen.

To al-Attas, being a good man is more universal and virtuous as well as being inclusive of other virtues, including being a good citizen.

Earlier, Jacques Maritain, a French Catholic philosopher in his book Education at the Crossroads, criticised the modern Western education which overly focused on the everchanging and pragmatic nature of human needs at the expense of the actualisation of his true nature.

Maritain made a strong point that “before being a child of the twentieth century, American-born or European-born child, a gifted or retarded child, this child is a child of man”.

“Man,” added Maritain, “is not merely an animal of nature like a skylark or a bear. He is also an animal of culture whose race can subsist only within the development of society and civilisation.”

The strong reminder by al-Attas and Maritain of the true aim of education echoes the views of prominent scholars within a long tradition of religious worldview which have proven to have established a great intellectual civilisation based on the holistic understanding of man and integrated nature of education.

This religious worldview underscores the fact that man is not merely a biological being. He is a dignified creation of God composed of two main aspects: the body and the soul. The soul being the permanent aspect of man is the king and administrator of the body.

Being spiritual in nature , the soul is the one which has acknowledged its own Creator before coming into being in this physical world.

It is this spiritual realm that is the locus of knowledge. Knowledge from this worldview is not only cognitive and logical in nature but is defined as “the arrival of the soul of the meaning of a thing or an object of knowledge”.

It is a divine gift.

This explains why in the Islamic tradition, education first and foremost presupposes a strong relationship between man and his Creator as the source of all knowledge.

This takes place through sincerity in seeking knowledge and continuous remembrance and prayer.


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Climate change: Nature-based solutions

Sunday, October 14th, 2018
(File pix) Locals remove debris on a street covered with muddy water at Majorca, on October 10, 2018. Extreme floods and droughts have a profound impact on development, particularly in less developed parts of the world. AFP Photo

ALMOST every day we hear news about catastrophic flooding or drought somewhere in the world. And many nations and regions are on track for even more extreme water problems within a generation.

This is the warning that is sounded in the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report.

Extreme floods and droughts have a profound impact on development, particularly in less developed parts of the world. About 140 million people are affected — displaced by the loss of incomes or homes — and close to 10,000 people worldwide die annually from these twin calamities. Global annual economic losses from floods and droughts exceeds US$40 billion (RM166.14 billion); add in damages from storms like America’s recent Hurricanes Florence and Michael, and the cost balloons.

Flood and drought economic losses — comparable in dollar terms to all global development aid — affect the water, food and energy security of nations. To cope with these problems, massive investments continue to be made in large reservoirs.

However, in certain regions it has started to make little engineering sense to build additional “grey (concrete and steel) infrastructure” due to a lack of suitable sites and, or, rapid evaporation. In others, ageing grey infrastructure may no longer provide the originally envisioned benefits because hydrological parameters and patterns are changing.

The appropriate response is to recognise the benefits of “green (natural ecosystems) infrastructure” and to design grey and green infrastructure in tandem to maximise benefits for the people, nature and the economy.

“Nature-based solutions” were the theme of this year’s UN World Water Development Report. Nature-based solutions include:

SOIL moisture retention systems, and groundwater recharge to enhance water availability;

NATURAL and constructed wetlands and riparian buffer strips to improve water quality; and,

FLOODPLAIN restoration to reduce risks associated with water-related disasters and climate change.

The role of green water storage infrastructure is particularly important.

The enormous potential of such approaches are only now being fully understood but its clear that green infrastructure can directly improve the performance of grey infrastructure for disaster risk reduction.

Indeed, large-scale managed aquifer recharge efforts can, in certain conditions, alleviate both flood and drought risks in the same river basin.

Recent studies suggest that agricultural income could be boosted by about US$200 million per year in a river basin greater than 150,000 km2 in area, with only 200 km2 of land converted for accelerated groundwater recharge in wetter years. Not only is additional water made available to farmers in drier periods, downstream flooding costs can also be eliminated. And the capital investment required could be recouped in a decade or less.

Such sustainable, cost-effective and scalable solutions may be relevant in developing countries, where water-related disaster vulnerability has risen to unprecedented levels and the impacts of climate change are most acutely felt.

Nature-based solutions are not feasible everywhere and, where they would help, they alone are not the silver bullet for water risks and variability — they cannot be counted on to replace or achieve the full risk reduction effect of grey infrastructure.

Nevertheless, nature-based solutions need to be considered in all water management planning and practiced where possible. Especially at river basin and regional scales, management planning should consider a range of surface and subsurface storage options, not just large concrete dams. The challenges include:

AN overwhelming dominance of traditional grey infrastructure thinking and practices (and associated inertia against nature-based solutions);

THE need for more quantitative data on the effects of nature-based solutions;

A LACK of understanding of how to integrate natural and built infrastructure for managing water extremes;

OVERALL lack of capacity to implement nature-based solutions;


A PREDOMINANTLY reactive rather than proactive approach to water-related disaster management.

Nature-based solutions have much greater potential if included in risk reduction planning and adopted before disaster strikes.

These challenges will take time to overcome, but there is hope. The UN General Assembly has designated Oct 13 as the International Day for Disaster Reduction, which this year has taken the theme of reducing economic losses from disasters.

The theme corresponds to a target of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, which underlines the need to shift from post-disaster planning and recovery to proactive disaster risk reduction and calls for strategies with a range of ecosystem-based solutions.

Some 25 targets within 10 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals the of UN Agenda 2030 either explicitly or implicitly address various aspects of water-related disaster management.

By Vladimir Smakhtin.


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Working together on rights

Sunday, October 14th, 2018

Shafie having a discussion with Abang Johari during a courtesy call at the latter’s office in Kuching on Thursday.

KUCHING: Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Seri Panglima Haji Mohd Shafie bin Haji Apdal said he and his Sarawak counterpart, Datuk Patinggi (Dr) Abang Haji Abdul Rahman Zohari bin Tun Datuk Abang Haji Openg agree that whatever is due to both States as contained in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 (MA63) must be complied with.

He said that while the interests of both Sabah and Sarawak must be protected it must be looked at with the nation as a whole, in mind and cordial discussions are the best way forward.

“We (Sabah and Sarawak) are on the same page in as far as the MA63 is concerned,” Shafie told reporters after paying Abang Johari a courtesy call at the Sarawak Chief Minister’s office at the Bangunan Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak in Kuching on Thursday afternoon.

“We realise that. We have to be together to ensure that the works are done accordingly. We are not going to sing different songs,” he said.

He noted that the amendments and return of Sarawak’s and Sabah’s rights under the MA63 were for the benefit of Sarawakians and Sabahans.

He believed it was high time that the federal government looked into the demands from Sabah and Sarawak seriously.

He said when the people of Sarawak and Sabah make the demand it doesn’t mean they don’t love Malaysia.

“We love Malaysia. But what is due, what has been there, put there by our forefathers, we got to realise that.

“To realise that, we have to fulfil what have been there,” he said.

Shafie believes that if there is adjustment to be made, they need to discuss it because when our forefathers formed Malaysia it was done in a peaceful manner, through negotiation and through discussion, not like other nations where all sorts of things happened.

However, both Shafie and Abang Jo said they did not have sufficient time to discuss the MA63 issue in detail during their one-hour meeting.

Shafie said more can be achieved if the discussions were conducted peacefully but stressed that Sabah remains firm that a higher royalty payment on oil and gas must be based on gross.

“There must be some adjustment to the royalty payout. It cannot remain the same (five percent) since 1974,” he said in response to a question by a reporter who had asked if the MA63 issue was discussed.

He also stressed that the demand for 20 per cent royalty was not only for Sarawak but also for Sabah, which is also an oil and gas producing state.

“I have raised the oil royalty issue; it’s not based on net but on gross.

“I realise in the beginning due to high cost of operation may not be enough to Petronas, but since 1974 there must be some adjustment.

“We are not asking for 100 per cent. We are asking for 20 per cent only,” he said.

Shafie believed Sarawak and Sabah did not mind to share the wealth from oil and gas with the country, saying they were asking for was what was due to them.

Shafie is on a two-day visit to Sarawak. Today he will call on Sarawak Head of State, Tun Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud.

Accompanying Shafie are his wife, Datin Seri Panglima Hajah Shuryani binti Datuk Shuaib, Datuk Dr Yusof Yacob, Sabah Minister of Education and Innovation and Datuk Peter Anthony, Minister of Infrastructure Development.

Abang Johari said the amendments to the Federal Constitution and MA63 were some of the issues discussed during his meeting with Shafie.

“We talked about it, but we did not discuss it in detail,” he said at a press conference.

Shafie said he had also made enquiries about the possibility of buying surplus electricity from Sarawak, saying this would be discussed indepth not too long from now.

He said if the price offered by Sarawak is competitive enough, it would make better business sense to buy from a neighbour rather than set up costly power plants.

“If we can purchase power from Sarawak at a reasonable price, then why not,” he said while saying Sarawak’s production cost of power was far cheaper than that produced in Sabah.

Stressing the need for cooperation between the two states, he said Sabah was willing to encourage Sarawak to produce certain parts when the automotive sector in Sabah takes off.

(Tan Chong Motors has given indication that it intends to set up an assembly plant in Sabah for its 4×4 vehicles as well as trucks that are in demand in the Borneo States.)

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Let’s develop English education together

Sunday, October 14th, 2018
Gladys presenting a souvenir to Aslam Khan.

Gladys presenting a souvenir to Aslam Khan.

THE Malaysian English Language Teaching Association (Melta) will hold its eighth international research conference in English language education on Dec 1.

Melta vice-president Aslam Khan Samahs Khan said the conference to be held at the International Islamic University Malaysia in Gombak is a platform for research sharing.

“Melta is 60 this year. Our association isn’t just for teachers and academics – we’re open to anyone who shares our mission to develop English education in the country.

“We’re ready to assist the ministry. Our report on improving the system is ready to be handed over to Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik,” he said, adding that details on the conference are on

Its chairperson Gladys Francis Joseph said the Melta KL Chapter was set up to reach out to teachers.

The symposium, she said, was for teachers who want to be more effective.

“Teachers say they’re not getting the desired results despite adopting 21st century learning. Where’s the gap? We have to understand why and what our students are thinking.”

During the half-day event at HELP University, KL, some 80 secondary teachers took on the role of students, participating in games and poetry writing, and even dancing – all in an effort to become more effective educators.

Aslam Khan said there is at least one Chapter in almost all states nationwide.

“But we’d like to see more Chapters being set up because some states are so big that we cannot expect teachers to travel for hours just to attend a workshop.

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Black school shoe ruling only to be enforced by 2021, says ministry.

Sunday, October 14th, 2018
PUTRAJAYA: The black shoe ruling for government schools will only be fully enforced in 2021, giving all relevant parties plenty of time to prepare.

“This means that all students in government schools are still allowed to wear white shoes till the end of year 2020.

“This decision was made after the ministry took into account views and opinions from all parties, including the school, teachers, parents, students, NGOs as well as suppliers,” said the Education Ministry in a statement issued yesterday.

The ministry said schools should not implement new rules to force the black shoe ruling on students during the “transition period”.

On July 20, Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik announced the black shoe ruling during a Sinar Harian forum on education.

He said that all schools were allowed a one-year grace period to allow students to adapt and get used to the new ruling.

However, Dr Maszlee’s announcement received backlash from several parties, with many saying it was a “hasty” decision.

National Union of the Teaching Profession secretary-general Harry Tan later revealed that the black shoe ruling was not an overnight decision as the ministry had in fact received many requests from parents over the years to change the colour of the shoes, and the ministry had conducted studies on the matter.

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Malaysia among Asia’s most visited countries, says report.

Sunday, October 14th, 2018

BANGKOK (The Nation/Asia News Network): South East Asian region receives the highest number of travellers with China topping the list, according to the World Tourism Organisation report.

Tourism has been one of the growing economic sectors across the world.  According to the report by World Tourism Organisation the international tourist arrivals have increased from 25 million globally in 1950 to 278 million in 1980, 674 million in 2000, and 1,235 million in 2016.

The Asia Pacific region accounts for 30 per cent of the world’s international tourism receipts.

The region has outperformed all other regions in terms of growth, with international tourist arrivals increasing an average 7% per year compared to the world average of 4%.

It attracted the highest number of tourists in the region with a record number of inflow of 59.27 million people in the year 2016.

Great Wall of China draws highest number of visitors followed by Forbidden city, Ming dynasty palaces. Apart from the architectural feats China has many natural sites that attract international tourists.

Thailand attracted second highest number of tourists in the region with 32.58 million visitors in 2016.

The country has an easy visa policy that makes it easier for tourists to travel. Malaysia attracted 26.75 million tourists last year, although the average number of days of stay decreased.

Japan and India followed with 24.04 and 14.56 million tourists respectively.

In India, it was a new high since foreign tourist arrival crossed ten million for the first time and pushed the country’s earnings to 27 billion dollars.

The numbers also helped the country go up 25 places in the Tourism competitive Index.

South Korea had the sixth highest number of tourists in the year 2016.

However the numbers plunged to a low owing to the boycott by Chinese tour groups after South Korea installed the Thaad system.

Singapore and Vietnam followed with 12.91 million and 10.01 million tourists respectively.In 2017, Philippines’ tourist arrival went up by 11 per cent at 5.96 million. South Koreans remained the highest numbers of visitors to the country.

The Nation/Asia News Network
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‘Easier for stateless kids to enrol in school soon’

Saturday, October 13th, 2018
(File pix) Deputy Education Minister Teo Nie Ching greeting students at SMJK Kuching High yesterday. Bernama Photo
By Bernama - October 13, 2018 @ 8:45am

KUCHING: The Education Ministry will simplify the registration process for pupils without citizenship for admission to government schools, said Deputy Education Minister Teo Nie Ching.

She said the ministry had decided that children without citizenship needed only produce their birth certificates, adoption papers or court order to enrol in government schools.

“If they do not have these documents, they can get verification from the community leaders or their people’s representatives,” she said after officiating a ceremony for the Gate of Alumni at SMJK Kuching High here yesterday.

She said in the case of children without citizenship, but with one parent who was a Malaysian citizen and had a birth certificate, would be allowed to enrol in government schools.

The new conditions would be implemented in January and the students would be allowed to sit for public examinations like Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah, Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia and Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia, said Teo.

“The move is because the government wants to provide formal education to all children,” she said.

She added that parents had up to two years to provide necessary documents.

Teo said the main reason children did not have citizenship was because their parents did not register their marriages before the children were born.

By Bernama .

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Ministry to allow stateless kids into national schools

Saturday, October 13th, 2018

Kuching: The Education Ministry will simplify the registration process for pupils without citizenship into government schools, said Deputy Education Minister Teo Nie Ching.

He said in a meeting held last week, the ministry decided that children without citizenship need only produce their birth certificates, adoption papers or court order to register in government schools.

“If they do not have these documents, they can get verification from the community leaders or their people’s representatives,” he told reporters after officiating a ceremony for the Gate of Alumni at Sekolah Menengah Jenis Kebangsaan (SMJK) Kuching High, here, Friday.

He said in the case of children without citizenship but one parent is a Malaysian citizen and has a birth certificate, they will be allowed to register into government schools.

The new conditions will be used for the school session in January next year and the students will be allowed to sit for public examinations like UPSR, SPM and STPM, Teo said.

“The move is because the Government wants to provide formal education to all children,” he said, adding that the parents had up to two years to provide the necessary documents.

Teo said the main reason these children did not have citizenship status was because their parents did not register their marriages before the children were born.

He said the parents must apply for Malaysian citizenship certificates for their children so that they can get proper education and get jobs later.

He added that according to the then Home Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahidi, in 2016 there were 300,000 children without citizenship in the country, aged 18 years and younger

Teo said the question of fees had not yet been discussed.

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SIDMA College Continuous Effort to Preserve and Promote Bahasa Kadazandusun Language

Saturday, October 13th, 2018

Dr Morni Hj Kambrie (Founder and Chairman of SIDMA College) in his continuous effort to preserve and ensure the survival of the Kadazandusun language in this modern era, has collaborated with Sabah Education Director, Datuk Hajah Maimunah Hj Suhaibul, District Education Officers, secondary school Principals and Kadazandusun teachers in secondary schools to co-organise Kadazandusun Language Speech Contest “Pialaan Raisol Doid Boros Kadazandusun” for secondary school students to speak the language in a competition setting. The contest is simultaneous held in all participating secondary schools during the month of October 2018. The theme of the contest is “Boros Popoburu Koposion” (Language Catalyses a Nation’s Future), and the closing date for the Secretariat (SIDMA College Kadazandusun Language Club) to receive names of contestant from the respective District Education Department is by 15 October 2018.

Since the beginning of October 2018, Dr Morni has allow his college resources to be used for sending staff to visit various secondary schools offering Kadazandusun language as elective language to collaborate, assist and motivate the staff and students to participate in the contest at the respective school level. The event is open to all Form One to Five secondary school students offering Kadazandusun as elective language. Each of the participating schools will then forward two (2) names of winners to their respective District Education Department.

Each respective District Education Department will then formed a selection committee to identify and conduct their respective district level contest. Currently five (5) districts that have conducted their district level competition are Penampang District (21 September 2018); Tambunan District (28 September 2018); Keningau District (08 October 2018; Ranau District (10 October 2018) and the next round will be at the Kota Belud District (12 October 2018); Dr Morni despite his busy schedule managed to find time and present himself during each of the respective district level competition to witness the selection of their representatives. The selection committee from each of the district will then forward the names of successful candidates to compete during the semi-final competition to be held at SIDMA College Sabah on 25 October 2018.

Meanwhile, Kadazandusun Language Choir Competition is open for registration. This event is open to all choir groups of Sabah. The required number of participants per group are between 15 to 25 persons, including the conductor and musicians; singing only local Kadazandusun songs. Entrance fee is RM150.00 per group (not refundable) and the closing date is on 09 November 2018, or upon the registration of the first groups of contestants.

A grand semi-final contest for the Choir Competition will be held on 15 & 16 November 2018 at ITCC Penampang Shopping Mall.

The Grand Finale for the above two events, “Sodop Pisompuruan 2018” will be held on 30 November 2018 at Shangri-La Tanjung Aru Resort and Spa, Kota Kinabalu. Successful teams and individuals selected to perform during the round of competition will be informed by the secretariat. Attractive cash prizes of RM 3,000 (Champion), RM 1,000 (1st Runner-up) and RM500 (2nd Runner-up) will be up for grab.

Dr Morni on behalf of SIDMA College Top Management congratulated and thanked in advance to Sabah Director of Education, Y. Bhg Datuk Hajah Maimunah Hj Suhaibul; respective District Education Officers, respective Secondary Principals, Bahasa Kadazandusun teachers and to each and every individual who have contributed and assisted to ensure the successful implementation of the above mentioned programmes.

For more information on the above contest, please contact SIDMA Kadazandusun Language Club, SIDMA College Sabah, Jalan Bundusan, 88300 KOTA KINABALU; at Tel: 088-732 000 or 088-732 020 or Fax @ 088-732 019. For further details on the above competitions, please channel it to the following officers:

  1. Mr Bonaventure Wences : 088-732 186
  2. Mr Delson J Joingin : 088-732 000; 088-732-020
  3. Ms Sylla Severinus : 088-732 000; 088-732 0202
  4. Ms Brenda : 016-824 5117
  5. Ms Era : 014-562 0314
  6. Ms Erlvina : 013-825 0517

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