How To Write Lesson Plans.

Writing  lesson plans does not have to be difficult. This is the time that a teacher can show their creativity. Here is a how-to create effective lesson plans that will help ensure success.

1.   Begin with the end in mind:

  • What do you want the students to learn from this lesson?
  • What standards are you meeting?
  • What age students are you trying to reach?
  • How are you going to assess that learning?
  • What does our National Philosophy of Education (NPME) require?

Once you’ve determine this, write a quick description and list out your objectives for the assignment.

2.   Create a key vocabulary list that you will add to as you write out your lesson plan procedure:

  • This will help you remember terms that you need to make sure the students understand as they work through the lesson.

3.   Create a materials list:

  • Create  a materials list and add to this as you write your procedure so that you know exactly what you will need including A/V equipment, number of copies, page numbers from books, etc.

4.   Determine how you will introduce the lesson:

  • For example, will you use a simple oral explanation for the lesson, an introductory worksheet, or an interactivity of some sort.

5.   Describe the method(s) you will use to teach the content of your lesson:

  • For example, does it lend itself to independent reading, lecture, or whole group discussion?
  • Sometimes it is best to use a combination of these methods: beginning with a couple minutes of lecture, followed by a short whole group discussion to ensure that the students understand what you have taught them.

6.   Write out supporting information:

  • Once you determined how you will teach the content of the lesson, write out supporting information in your notes.

7.   Determine how you will have the students practice the skill/information you have just taught them:

  • For example, if you have taught them about the laws of supply and demand in economics, how you will have them practice this information to truly gain an understanding of the material.
  • Will you have them complete independent practice, use a whole group simulation, or allow students to work cooperatively on a project? These are just three possibilities of how you can have them practice the information.

8.   Write out step by step instructions:

  • Once you determine how students will practice the skills that you taught them, write out step by step instructions.

9.   Create an end of the period review:

10.   Complete details for any homework or assessments that you will be giving the students.

11.   Decide on any accommodations (adaptations):

  • Decide on any accommodations  you may need to make for your class including accommodations for special education, etc.

12.   Finish out the details:

  • Once you have completed your lesson plan, finish out the details including creating the assessments, homework assignments, and any handouts.

13.   Finally, make copies and collect materials for the lesson.


  • Some teachers find that by writing the assessment first, they are better able to focus their lesson on what is essential .
  • Try not to always rely solely on your textbook for lessons. At the same time make sure that you evaluate any other source you might use like books, teachers, written resources, and internet web pages.
  • Some schools require standards to be listed on the lesson plans. Make sure that you check with your school.
  • Overplan, overplan, overplan. It is much easier to cut things out of a plan or continue it the next day than fill up  fifteen or twenty extra minutes.
  • If possible, connect homework to real life. This help reinforce what the students should be learning.

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