Putting together a language

From construction and spelling to connotations and speech sounds, English is a language that is perplexing yet beautiful.

IN this final article on grammatical terminology, reference is made to the definitions of a number of studies that are conducted into particular aspects of the English language.


Semantics is the study of meaning in language, ie. the meanings of speech forms, especially the development and changes in meaning of words and word groups.

Semantics study how the meanings, connotations, implications and ambiguities of words and concepts in language are created, determined and varied by the use and inter-relationships of words, phrases and sentences.


Semiotics is the study and analysis of signs and symbols in communication, eg. body language.


Phonology is the study of the pattern or system of speech sounds in languages.

Phonologists study phonemes, ie. vowels and consonants as well as prosody (rhythm, stress and intonation).

Phonology is often included as part of phonetics but also as a separate and distinct, linguistic study.


Orthography is the study of accepted or traditional correct spelling, ie. correct according to usage.

It also studies how the letters or symbols of the alphabet are arranged or occur sequentially in words.

Besides that, the study also includes the relationship between sounds and symbols, and symbol combinations.

by Keith Wright, the author and creator of the 4S Approach To Literacy and Language (4S).

Read more @ http://thestar.com.my/education/story.asp?file=/2012/7/29/education/10010247&sec=education

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