How to Cite a Book

When a person is writing a research paper or an essay, the resources used to write the same should be cited. Citing the resources helps in making the work legitimate. Often there is a piece of work, which does not have the necessary citation, then the work may not be considered accurate and often does not have the same weight. One can make use of the multiple methods of citation. There are two most commonly used methods of citation, namely Modern Language Association citation, the acronym of which is MLA style and American Psychological Association citation, of which the acronym is APA style. There is one basic difference in both the methods. In the MLA style ‘works cited’ page is necessary, whereas in the APA style ‘referenced pages’ have to be mentioned. In this write up, we will concentrate all our energies to see, different styles of book citation.

How to Cite a Book Using MLA Style Format?

Before you start the process of citing a book, you will have to find out, which is the prescribed format to cite a book. If the research paper format demands MLA style, then here is the correct method of citing a book using MLA format.

In the MLA format, the credit sources are mentioned briefly. The citations are made in parentheses. The complete description of the works used are to be given at the end in the ‘works cited’ list. It is important to write the bibliography using the right format. The list in the bibliography is made alphabetically using the authors last name. In case the authors name is not given, then the first word of the title is used.

Basic Format used in MLA Style – One Author
This is the format to be used, when the book has one author only. The basic format is as follows:

Author Last name, First name, Title of Book, Place of Publication: Name of the Publisher, Year of Publication

Example: Satalkar, Bhakti, How to Cite a Book, Pune: Buzzle Publications, 20 Dec 2010.

Basic Format used in MLA Style – Multiple Authors
Often there are books, which have multiple authors in such a case, we wonder, how does one gone about citing a book, which has multiple authors. The book is an intellectual property of both the authors, therefore both of them have to be cited. The format of the same is:

Author Last name, First name of first author, and Author Last name First name of second author. Title of Book, Place of Publication: Name of the Publisher, Year of Publication

Example: Satalkar, Bhakti and Batul Baxamusa. How to Cite a Book. Pune: Buzzle Publications, 20 December 2010.

You will have to use the same format, if there are up to three authors. However, if there are more than three authors, then instead of naming all the authors you will use the name of the first author and follow it up with ‘et al.’. In case you want to name all the authors, then you will use the above mentioned format itself.

Basic Format used in MLA Style – No Author
Often times, while writing a research paper, we use books, which do not have an author. At such times, we are wits end on citing a book without any author. The format for the same is as follows:

Title of Book, Place of Publication : Name of the Publisher, Year of Publication

Example: Illustrated Family Encyclopedia. London: 2008.

How to Cite a Book in APA Format?

If the prescribed format, demands APA format of citation, then the same must be followed. If you do not follow the same, it can lead to misunderstanding while the research paper is being referred to.

Basic Format used in APA Style – One Author
When APA format has been prescribed and the book you have preferred to has only one author, then the format you will use is as follows:

Author Last name, First name. (Year of Publication). Title of Book, Place of Publication: Name of the Publisher

Example: Satalkar, Bhakti. (2010). How to Cite a Book, Pune: Buzzle Publications

Basic Format used in APA Style – Multiple Authors
If the book you have referred to has multiple authors, then the format you will use is as follows:

Author Last name, First name of first author, & Last name, First name of second author. (Year of Publication). Title of Book, Place of Publication : Name of the Publisher

Example: Satalkar, Bhakti & Baxamusa Batul (2010). How to Cite a Book, Pune: Buzzle Publications

It is extremely important to know the right citation method, when you are citing a book in a research paper.

by Bhakti Satalkar.

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