Selecting a teaching and learning model

A number of teaching methodologies have been developed as a direct consequence of theories about learning. They are often referred to as teaching and learning models. Each one can be expressed as a tightly structured sequence that is designed to elicit and develop a specific type of thinking or response.

The choice of the appropriate model (or combination of models) will be determined by the learning objective as well as the nature of the learner. A strong body of research and practice suggests that learners’ attainment can be enhanced by the consistent use of specific models.

For example, where pupils learn models for memorising information and how to understand concepts, and invent their own, they gain the skills to build hypotheses and theories and use the tools of science to test them; to extract information and ideas from lectures and presentations; to study social issues and analyse their own social values to profit from training (and learn how to train themselves); to make their writing and problem solving more lucid and creative and, perhaps most importantly, to take initiative in planning personal study and working with others to initiate and carry out cooperative tasks.

Types of learning objective

  • Acquiring and learning skills, procedures and academic knowledge
  • Developing and acquiring concepts, reasoning, processing information and thinking creatively
  • Constructing knowledge, addressing misconceptions, solving problems and reasoning empathetically

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