Reducing the pain of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a common condition that usually affects us as we grow older.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. The term was coined by Dr John Kent Spender of England in 1889. It is also known as “degenerative joint disease”.

Over 60% of people over 65 have some form of arthritis. About 90% of adults are affected by the age of 40.

The commonest joints involved include the knees (41%), hands (30%) and hips (19%). It is currently understood to be a process rather than a disease that may be triggered by various constitutional and environmental factors.

The knee is one of the joints most prone to injury. The knee is the joint between the two longest bones of the body (the femur, which is the bone of the thigh, and the tibia, which is the bone of the lower leg).

It is more prone to injury because the entire weight of the body is transferred through the knee to the foot. About 13% of women and 10% of men aged 60 years and older have symptomatic knee OA.

Recent studies suggest that OA of the hand may predict the later development of OA in the hip or knee. It was found that those with hand OA were three times more likely to develop hip arthritis.

It was noted from the studies that OA of the hand also slightly increased the risk for knee OA.


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