Alternative Psychomotor Domain Taxonomy Versions

A.  Simpson’s Psychomotor Domain Taxonomy:

Elizabeth Simpson’s interpretation of the Psychomotor domain differs from Dave’s chiefly because it contains extra two levels prior to the initial imitation or copy stage. Arguably for certain situations, Simpson’s first two levels, ‘Perception’ and ‘Set’ stage are assumed or incorporated within Dave’s first ‘Imitation’ level, assuming that you are dealing with fit and healthy people (probably adults rather than young children), and that ‘getting ready’ or ‘preparing oneself’ is part of the routine to be taught, learned or measured. If not, then the more comprehensive Simpson version might help ensure that these two prerequisites for physical task development are checked and covered. As such, the Simpson model or the Harrow version is probably preferable than the Dave model for the development of young children.

psychomotor domain (simpson)
level category or ‘level’ description examples of activity or demonstration and evidence to be measured ‘key words’ (verbs which describe the activity to be trained or measured at each level)
1 Perception awareness use and/or selection of senses to absorb data for guiding movement recognise, distinguish, notice, touch , hear, feel, etc
2 Set readiness mental, physical or emotional preparation before experience or task arrange, prepare, get set
3 Guided Response attempt imitate or follow instruction, trial and error imitate, copy, follow, try
4 Mechanism basic proficiency competently respond to stimulus for action make, perform, shape, complete
5 Complex Overt Response expert proficiency execute a complex process with expertise coordinate, fix, demonstrate
6 Adaptation adaptable proficiency alter response to reliably meet varying challenges adjust, integrate, solve
7 Origination creative proficiency develop and execute new integrated responses and activities design, formulate, modify, re-design, trouble-shoot

Adapted and simplified representation of Simpson’s Psychomotor Domain (‘The classification of educational objectives in the psychomotor domain’, 1972). Elizabeth Simpson seems actually to have first presented her Psychomotor Domain interpretation in 1966 in the Illinois Journal of Home Economics. Hence you may see the theory attributed to either 1966 or 1972.

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