Alternative Psychomotor Domain Taxonomy Versions

Harrow’s interpretation of the Psychomotor domain is strongly biased towards the development of physical fitness, dexterity and agility, and control of the physical ‘body’, to a considerable level of expertise. As such the Harrow model is more appropriate to the development of young children’s bodily movement, skills, and expressive movement than, say, the development of a corporate trainee’s keyboard skills. By the same token, the Harrow model would be perhaps more useful for the development of adult public speaking or artistic performance skills than Dave’s or Simpson’s, because the Harrow model focuses on the translation of physical and bodily activity into meaningful expression. The Harrow model is the only one of the three Psychomotor Domain versions which specifically implies emotional influence on others within the most expert level of bodily control, which to me makes it rather special.

As ever, choose the framework that best fits your situation, and the needs and aims of the trainees or students.

psychomotor domain (harrow)
level category or ‘level’ description examples of activity or demonstration and evidence to be measured ‘key words’ (verbs which describe the activity to be trained or measured at each level)
1 Reflex Movement involuntary reaction respond physically instinctively react, respond
2 Basic Fundamental Movements basic simple movement alter position, move, perform simple action grasp, walk, stand, throw
3 Perceptual Abilities basic response use than one ability in response to different sensory perceptions catch, write, explore, distinguish using senses
4 Physical Abilities fitness develop strength, endurance, agility, control endure, maintain, repeat, increase, improve, exceed
5 Skilled Movements complex operations execute and adapt advanced, integrated movements drive, build, juggle, play a musical instrument, craft
6 Non-discursive Communication meaningfully expressive activity or output activity expresses meaningful interpretation express and convey feeling and meaning through movement and actions

Adapted and simplified representation of Harrow’s Psychomotor Domain (1972). (Non-discursive means intuitively direct and well expressed.)

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