Five women died after consuming abortion pills bought online, says report.

April 17th, 2019

PETALING JAYA: Five women died after consuming abortion pills purchased online from 2015-2017, reported Sinar Harian.

Health Minister Datuk Seri Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad told the Malay daily that four cases occurred in 2015 while one more case occurred in 2017.

“Four of the cases were caused by bleeding after delivery, while another case involved an amniotic fluid embolism. All the cases involved the intravaginal insertion of products that contained misoprostol,” he was quoted as saying.

The Ministry also recorded three cases that were classified as life-threatening to the women who consumed the pills.

Dr Dzulkefly said that to avoid their sales from being detected by the Pharmaceutical division, the syndicates selling the pills used blogs, Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp among others.

They also used online websites such as, 11street, Lazada, Shopee and others.

Dzulkefly said that since 2017, 10 raids were successfully carried out and 17 items that contained misoprostol worth RM85,313 were seized

About 17 items worth RM85,513 smuggled in mostly from India and China have been seized.

Most of the pills were imported illegally from overseas, especially China and India.

Health Ministry director-general Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah said that data recorded from January until April 15 recorded 18 websites that sold cytotec were determined and investigated.

Most of them were operating on Facebook and blogs.

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Mystery illness at Perak school turns out to be Influenza A(H1N1).

April 17th, 2019
IPOH (Bernama): Claims of a mysterious illness in Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman (STAR) here that went viral on social media Tuesday (April 16) are not true as it is just an Influenza A(H1N1) infection, it was revealed Wednesday (April 17).

Perak Health, Consumer Affairs, Civil Society and Human Resource Committee chairman A. Sivanesan (pic) said 79 students, aged from 13 to 17, and a teacher were found to have fever and cough yesterday.

He said two of the students were admitted to a private hospital for treatment and observation and one of them was discharged today. The rest received outpatient treatment.

“They are all reported to be in stable condition. Twenty-eight of them were isolated. Four of the those with cough were confirmed to be Influenza A(H1N1) positive.

“The situation in the school is under control,” he told a press conference at the Bangunan Perak Darul Ridzan.

Sivanesan was asked to comment on a Facebook post that claimed that 100 students from the school were afflicted by a mysterious illness, with many of them coughing, vomiting and having a fever, which prompted their parents to take them home from the all-male residential school.

He said the Kinta District Health Office had taken measures to prevent the spread of the infection, including isolating the sick students.

As a means of checking infection, the public is advised to take preventive measures, including getting treatment at the clinic or hospital for influenza symptoms such as fever, cough and sore throat.

“Stay home during the period when you have the symptoms and reduce the number of meetings with friends or relatives, avoid public places such as shopping centres, schools, kindergartens or workplaces and do not attend public events,” he said.

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SIDMA College Family and Community Partnership Carnival

April 17th, 2019

SIDMA College Sabah Semester 5 and 6 Diploma Early Childhood Education (DECE) students have successfully organised a Family and Community Carnival at Tanjung Aru Beach, Kota Kinabalu on 13 April 2019. The 298 DECE students, with lecturers: Miss Nur Syafiqah Binti Usno, Miss Ivy Evannie Cyril Gusipin, Miss Valeria Padris, Madam Jessica Tangau and Madam Suzie Jainil as facilitators; collaborated with the management of SIDMA College Sabah to implement the carnival.

The event was officiated by Mr Terence Boyd Stephen; Manager (Student Affairs Department). In his official address, he stressed that the key focus of the programme was to expose SIDMA DECE students to better understand the related information, resources and tools to empower families, communities and schools together in partnership with one another, and collaboratively advocate for the growth of early childhood education students.

Kids in the modern era have so various needs; and teachers just can’t manage them in isolation. They need their family and even the whole community to be working with them; such as during weekend trips, family day and more. Children grow emotionally, intellectually, and physically through their relationships and their community. They might find this community in school or at home, on the playground or in the backyard. He hoped that students will benefit and gain knowledge and skills from organising the event.

Through networking with the respective community, it will enhance the cooperation and collaboration among schools, families, community groups, agencies in community. Schools can work with government and other agencies, voluntary organisations, as well as individuals and together develop a productive community connection. Through action such as repainting schools, landscaping of school compound, cleaning of school compound, building temporary classrooms and more it will create a warm, inviting and conducive atmosphere for the school children to learn.

For the event, SIDMA College students managed to form partnership with Kota Kinabalu Fire and Rescue Station and invited them to demonstrate on the use of fire-extinguishers to extinguish or control fire in case of fire outbreak in school or at home.

Queen Elizabeth Hospital Kota Kinabalu, through its Children Dental Department nurses demonstrated to kids and their parents on how to take care of their teeth. The traffic police department also participated by sending a team of traffic police officers to demonstrate on road safety procedures reminded parents that they should always remind their kids prior to sending them off to schools.

Through such networking with kindergartens in and around Kota Kinabalu and Penampang districts, more than 100 parents brought their kindergarten children along and benefitted from such programme. Some of the collaborating partners also sponsored goods, such as food and drinks for the kids, hampers as well as prizes for winners of competition held. Among the fun-based activities held for kids in the morning are kid’s fancy dress parade, filling bottles with water, and more. The event ended with tug-of war between the students and lecturers.

Adjunct Prof Dr Morni Hj Kambrie (Chairman and Founder) and Madam Azizah Khalid Merican (CEO) who were impressed with the effort and energy exhibited by the team of SIDMA DECE students for conducting the activity without official financial support from SIDMA Board of Management. They managed to solicit funding through partnership with the related community.

Dr Morni also took the opportunity to thank Dewan Bandaraya Kota Kinabalu (DBKK) for using the carnival site and its basic facilities such as toilets, and more. He also thanked the volunteers and officers from the various agencies such as Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Police Di Raja Malaysia, as well as from various other departments and agencies for their support, contributions in materials and in kinds. He also thanked all SIDMA College staff, parents, and the general public who took time off to bring along their kids to the event.

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SIDMA College Sabah Community Service Learning Activities

April 17th, 2019

Community Service Learning is a teaching method which provides opportunities for students to learn valuable academic, social, personal skills and values while fulfilling the needs of the local community. At SIDMA College Sabah, Community Service (Khidmat Masyarakat) is offered as a one-time visit to a very deprived and needy community; and is integrated with the academic curriculum. This Service Learning involves students either analysing or cleaning up a polluted river, beach, as part of their science curriculum; or cleaning up flooded houses, building or compound, repairing houses, and provides the necessary support to the community, as part of the social studies content.

A mixture of students’ outcomes can result from the combination of such service-related academic instruction, and students need to reflect on the services conducted, learning and improvement, and the larger related social (and political) issues. All of which can lead to students’ personal development (increased self-esteem, internal locus of control, etc); social development (group collaboration & corporation, related work skills); values development (civic responsibilities); academic development (basic academic skills, subject matter knowledge); and of course career development (career exploration and job related skills).

Apart from the above benefits, students who are engaged in community services improved their problem solving skills, improved their ability to work within a team, as well as to enable them to plan more effectively. Additionally, students get to network and cultivate connections between various organizations, schools and other institutions, as well as community grouping; which can prove to be very useful later in their life.

For the February 2019 Semester, SIDMA College managed to schedule four groups of 30 students in each group, to undergo such activities. Mr Azwie Ahamat led team “Zero to Hero” to conduct community service at Kampung Muhibbah, Menggatal, Kota Kinabalu on 29 March 2019. Here the students were given the opportunity to perform a “gotong-royong” to clean-up the surrounding or compound of a remote, isolated and unmanaged village house. They too managed to made donation in the form of basic necessities to assist the weak and elderly family of the house.

On 30 March, Mr Azwie led team “The Guardians” of 30 students to Kampung Baru Jumpa, Tenom. This team was lucky as the Tenom Parliamentary Representatives (YB Noorita binti Sual and YB Jamawi Jaafar) made their personal donations in cash for the occasion. With the money collected, the team manage to do some major repair work on to the old and shabby structure of a wooden village house as well as do the cleaning up the unmanaged compound.

On 5 April 2019, Ms. Maxlyana Fyona Marom, led team “We’re 4” of 30 students to do cleaning-up of Encik Nazrul Bin Kamsiong’s  shabby and leaking house at Kg Letinggi, Kota Belud. Apart from the cleaning activities, the team also contributed zinc sheets and pieces of plywood, and assist the family to do some repair work on the roof and walling of their house. The team also managed to solicit some financial assistance for the purpose.

Interestingly, Team “We’re 4 U” efforts went viral in Facebook and received immediate response from the state government, who took up the case and decided to build a new house for the very deprived Nazrul family.

The final team “Persatuan Anak Bawah Bayu” (PABB) visited the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Kota Kinabalu (SPCA) on 6 April 2019. Apart from cleaning-up the compound; they also cleaned up its dogs’ runs as well as cattery. The team of ladies also managed to dig the earth around the building to improve the drainage system of its compound. Each team member also contributed cash for SPCA’s activities. Later, through SPCA Kota Kinabalu web page, they thanked SIDMA College Sabah and the PABB team for their initiatives and effort shown.

During a reflection session held on 15 April 2019, all the team members felt thankful for the opportunities given to witness and personally experienced some of distress and difficulties gone through by some of our local community. They felt very unfair to let them continue living in such deprived situations, and hope that more can and should be done, both by the government and the members of the community to assist such deprived families.

Based on what they witnessed and experienced, the students felt very thankful to their parents for the efforts taken to raise them and provided them with good education, and they knew that they shouldn’t demand for more. They too felt very thankful  “BERSYUKUR” for what they possessed, and will continue to advocate for the deprived people.

In line with all the activities, Adjunct Prof Dr Morni (Chairman and Founder), Madam Azlina Ngatimin (Director, Corporate Relations and Business) and Madam Azizah Khalid Merican (CEO) were very impressed by the initiatives taken by these SIDMA College Diploma Early Childhood Education students; and thanked them for their efforts. They hoped that these students will continue to advocate and strive to improve the deprive conditions of the rural community even after they have completed their study.

They too conveyed their appreciations to Mr Azwie, Ms Fyona as well as to all who have collaborated to ensure the success of these community services, which is also served as part of SIDMA Corporate Social Responsibilities.

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NST Leader: Taking a new approach

April 16th, 2019
Despite the punitive measures to curtail drug distribution, drug seizures by enforcement authorities are almost a daily occurrence. (NSTP/IQMAL HAQIM ROSMAN)

MALAYSIA has been battling the drug menace for the longest time with punitive measures to curtail drug distribution and programmes to improve treatment of drug users.

While these showed varying degrees of success, the number of drug users, addicts and drug-related offenders continues to rise. Drug seizures by police are almost a daily occurrence.

Furthermore, records from the National Anti-Drugs Agency show that last year there were some 160,000 drug users and they still made up the majority of the prison population.

In February, police said the trend in drug abuse had changed from plant-based drugs (marijuana and heroin) to more harmful synthetic drugs (syabu and ecstasy).

Additionally, the emergence of psychoactive drugs is giving a new dimension to the problem.

Police are saying the drug menace has reached a new level. Such accounts do not paint a pretty picture of a country that aspires to join the league of developed nations.

Have we been doing it wrong all this while? It’s time, perhaps, to experiment with a different approach; decriminalise drug users, turn it into a public health issue, but go after the criminals — the kingpins — who supply and distribute the drugs. Drugs is big business.

A report by Global Financial Integrity (GFI) says the global market in drug trafficking has an estimated annual value of between US$426 billion (RM1.7 trillion) and US$652 billion.

Malaysia’s transformation into a modern and globalised society has necessitated a review of the current approach and strategy to the drug problem. But before we go down that path, studies need to be done to get a clearer picture of the problem in the current social context

Why the need for drugs?

Some do it because of peer pressure, a broken family, wanting to experience a new “high”, or to keep up with the Joneses. Others get addicted after taking prescription pain medication and developing a dependence on the very medication intended to help them.

Drug addiction is a substance use disorder, a disease, say some doctors. It is a public health issue, not a criminal justice one. And it should be tackled as such. But, how do we provide an enabling environment for proper care and treatment to reach drug users?

Amend drug laws and policies?

Consider Portugal, which has decriminalised all drugs since 2001; reportedly, there has been dramatic drops in overdoses, HIV infection and drug-related crime.

Portugal’s success, however, could not have happened without an enormous cultural shift, and a change in how the country viewed drugs, addiction, and itself.

For Malaysia to do the same it must be willing to make that “transformation”. It has been said that drugs have the potential to wipe out entire civilisations. And that is why the war against it must go on.

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Maszlee not just about black shoes

April 16th, 2019
Several articles appeared in a news portal, some recycled material while others referred to his controversial “black shoes” ruling for schoolchildren . – FILE PIC

EDUCATION Minister Dr Maszlee Malik has been criticised, again. Several articles appeared in a news portal, some recycled material while others referred to his controversial “black shoes” ruling for schoolchildren .

This letter will explain what Maszlee has done since he was appointed to the post.

His ministry is one of the largest with about 10,000 schools, half a million teachers and half a million students — this does not include the universities.

Among others, he has abolished examinations for Years One to Three; proposed a curriculum revamp (this is expected to be implemented in 2021); reduced teachers’ non-teaching tasks such as paperwork and clerical duties; restored autonomy and academic freedom by tabling amendments to the Universities and University Colleges Act 1971; and introduced a new policy to address the issue of stateless children to enable them to attend national schools.

Under Maszlee’s tenure, the ministry has restored residential schools (s ekolah berasrama penuh) for the benefit of poor students.

This policy enables more students from the Bottom 40 per cent income families to study in residential schools.

Of the 9,350 students who enrolled this year, more than 52 per cent are from B40 families, a significant increase compared with the previous years.

By doing away with exams for Years One to Three, Maszlee has allowed for a more holistic development of pupils.

International education systems like the Finnish model have proved that introducing test-based accountability too early in a child’s education harms their potential.

Teachers can now focus on developing their pupils’ true potential.

Revamping the curriculum, however, cannot be done hastily. Maszlee has formed a Policy Committee and National Education Advisory Council and engaged stakeholders to draw up proposals.


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We should control our handphone use and not let it control us

April 16th, 2019
Smartphones connect us with friends and family, but nothing beats face-to-face communication. FILE PIC

YOU may read this article on your smartphone. If you’re not using your smartphone, it is most likely being charged, but within reach.

According to the Internet Users Survey conducted by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission last year, smartphones remain the most popular means for users to access the Internet, with nine of 10 Internet users going online using their handheld devices.

The use of smartphones increased by 3.7 per cent compared with 89.4 per cent in 2016, and these figures are projected to increase

Our smartphone is the first thing we look at when we wake up and the last thing before we go to sleep.

Many of us can’t go five minutes without checking our devices or feel anxious if we lose them or leave them at home. It has become common in casual conversation to refer to such behaviour as an addiction.

There is something you may not realise. Our overreliance on the global positioning system (GPS) may affect our navigational skills.

Before the use of GPS, we would try to remember routes and learn to read and understand maps when we wanted to go somewhere new. But now, without an Internet connection, we may get lost.

In Nature, a weekly science journal, Roger McKinlay refers to navigation as a “use-it-or-lose-it” skill. He says if we rely on machines to find our way, we might lose our natural sense of navigation.

Furthermore, many people fail to realise that addiction to smartphones can have a negative effect on a person’s thoughts, behaviours, tendencies, feelings and sense of wellbeing.

When we compare smartphone addiction to other types of addiction, such as alcohol, drug and gambling, they share similarities.

Feelings of anxiety and panic can be triggered when the addiction is not satisfied, and it contributes to poor attention and control.

A study by researchers from the University of Illinois, the United States, found that people who experience depression and anxiety often turn to their smartphones to cope or distract themselves from negative feelings.

In the long term, this could make these people more vulnerable to mental health issues.

In addition, excessive smartphone use may cause an impaired ability to remember, a lack of creative thinking and reduced attention span.

But how much smartphone use is too much? No one has an answer. More and more smartphones have a function that lets users check how much time they have spent on each application.

It helps users understand their habits and use of applications.

In addition, users can turn off notifications and set a reminder for the maximum time spent on applications.

To curb smartphone addiction, we should start using this function.

Other methods to reduce smartphone addiction would be for parents to set a daily or weekly session where no phones are allowed during family time.

It is undeniable that smartphones connect us with friends and family, but nothing beats face-to-face communication and connection between humans.


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Dividend from an ageing population

April 16th, 2019
There will be 6.3 million Malaysians aged 65 and older in 2040. FILE PIC

THE Department of Statistics has estimated that a baby born last year is expected to live up to 75 years. This is an increase of over 20 years in life expectancy since 1957. This extended longevity is largely due to improvements in living conditions and advancements in healthcare, which have contributed to lower mortality rates in recent decades.

It also reported that in 2017, the total fertility rate was 1.9, which is below the replacement level of 2.1. Total fertility rate is the average number of children a woman would have if she lives to the end of her childbearing years. Such statistics suggest that the average number of babies born per woman in Malaysia is insufficient to replace the mother and her partner. Declines in fertility rate usually raise alarm bells as it brings about negative prospects especially in terms of labour supply and family roles. Such declines are due, in part, to improvements in education and employment opportunities for women which cause them to delay marriage and hence childbirth. However, this trend is not entirely problematic.


A decline in fertility and mortality lays the foundation for a period of accelerated economic growth called the demographic dividend, or the economic growth which may happen provided other economic factors are favourable. It results from changes in a country’s age structure as people shift from living short lives and having large families to living longer lives and having smaller families.

Having fewer children changes the population age structure where the number of young dependents becomes smaller relative to the working-age population, creating a bigger support base. In such a situation, production exceeds consumption, and fewer resources are needed to support the dependents. This frees up resources which could be channelled towards investment and economic development.

Smaller numbers of children in a household generally lead to larger investments per child, more freedom for women to enter the workforce and more household savings for old age. While in terms of government resources, it implies an expanding population of taxpayers relative to the number of dependents eligible for the benefits.

In theory, at the micro level, this may improve living standards for families and boost incomes per person; it can also result in significant gains in the economic development of a country at the macro level.

This is the first demographic dividend which Malaysia has been enjoying in decades, and is expected to end in 2029 when income growth slows, and the ageing of the population begins.

Economic growth resulting from the first demographic dividend depends on the enhancement of productivity of the working age population. The productivity of young adults is highly influenced by the quality of education and employment practices, technology and the timing and level of childbearing. It is imperative to have policies in place that make it easier for young parents to work and gender friendly labour policies that encourage higher female workforce participation while productivity at older ages depends on healthcare support, tax incentives and disincentives and the structure of pension schemes and retirement policies. Because the first demographic dividend is only temporary, countries should take advantage of this golden opportunity by implementing the above economic and social policies before it is too late.

Eventually, declines in fertility will reduce the growth rate of the working age population, while further improvements in mortality will extend lifespan causing the elderly population to grow faster. Keeping other factors equal, the growth of per capita income slows down, and the first dividend becomes negative.

There will be 6.3 million Malaysians aged 65 and older in 2040, and it takes merely 25 years for Malaysia to experience an ageing population where the 65-year olds constitute 15 per cent of the population. For perspective, France grew old within 115 years.

However, an ageing population opens up another window of opportunity — the second demographic dividend — where lower fertility and increasing life expectancy stimulate the accumulation of assets in all age groups. This is driven by old age consumption for a longer retirement period due to increasing life expectancy. With higher income per capita gained from the first demographic dividend and reduced child dependency as a result of fewer children, individuals are more able to prepare for old age consumption through savings and investment.

The preliminary computation done for Malaysia shows that it could expect positive growth of the second demographic dividend to last beyond 2060.


The extent to which the second demographic dividend is realised depends on how well a country provides support for its elderly. As the population ages more quickly, the resources needed to support the elderly increases. This may cause severe strains on the public pension system and family resources.

However, if workers can start accumulating assets earlier on, they can achieve more financial independence during retirement and depend less on the government and their families. In doing so, government policies and financial mechanisms relating to property, contributory pensions and personal savings must be put in place at the onset of the population ageing process to help workers accumulate assets. Another aspect of equal importance is financial literacy in order to educate the elderly on how to save money and utilise the accumulated wealth effectively.

Unlike the first demographic dividend, the second dividend is not transitory and continues indefinitely, where more wealth may lead to a permanent increase in income per capita.

However, the demographic dividend is a potential, not a destiny. To what extent the dividend can be realised is dependent on the right policies and implementation. These policies include education and labour, economic, pension and retirement, and healthcare support that would empower citizens and enhance productivity-driven growth.

Working towards seizing the demographic dividends means investing in our parents now and our children’s future. Creating opportunities and building them is our pay-it-forward responsibility.

By Datuk Dr Norma Mansor.

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Early childhood education

April 15th, 2019

Early childhood education is beneficial for children ages 3, 4 and 5. It’s also often referred to as pre-school, pre-kindergarten, day care, nursery school or early education.

Early childhood education prepares young children for their transition into elementary school. Sending pre-school-age children to one of these early childhood education programs can make a positive impact on her and give her a head start toward a bright future.

Why is Early Childhood Education important?

The capacity of your child’s brain to soak up new learning peaks when your child is 3 years old.

At this point in your child’s life, she has the highest potential for learning new things.

While attending an early childhood education program, your child will improve her language and motor skills, while developing the learning and cognitive skills necessary to move on to primary school.

Attending a quality early childhood education program can benefit your child’s health as well.

Approximately 60 to 70 per cent of pre-school-age children attend an early childhood program or child care programme out of the home.

In addition, your child’s socio-emotional development is less likely to be adversely affected, with a decreased chance of needing behavioural or mental health care once she enters primary school.

Importance of Screenings

One of the many benefits of your child receiving an early childhood education is the opportunity to participate in early childhood screening.

This screening is provided for 3- to 5-year-olds and tests things like health, cognitive development, speech, vision, hearing, coordination, emotional skills and social skills.

Screenings can identify any development or health issues that need to be taken into consideration, to prevent learning delays.

Where can you study Early Childhood Education?

The Diploma in Early Childhood Education (ECE) is offered by the Open University of Malaysia (OUM).

The   programme at OUM  contributes  to the all-rounded development of ECE teachers by updating their knowledge, skills and attitude as ECE professionals.

The programme is tailor-designed for Early Childhood principals, administrators, teachers, care takers, childminders and those involved with young learners to ensure that they have the necessary and enriched knowledge about child development and assessment, curriculum content, children arts and music, learning and pedagogy, health and safety, and ECE-centre management skills.

Entry Requirements

The Normal Entry requirements are:

i. Pass SPM/SPMV/MCE or its equivalent, with minimum a credit in 3 subjects; or

ii. Pass UEC with minimum Grade B in 3 subjects; or

iii. Pass O-Level with minimum Grade C in 3 subjects; or

iv. Pass SKM Level 3 in Early Childhood/ Preschool Care and pass SPM with minimum a credit in 1 subject; or

v. Pass Community College Certificate equivalent to MQF Level 3 in related field and pass SPM with minimum a credit in 1 subject; or

vi. Pass Early Childhood Education Certificate (MQF Level 3) in related field with a minimum CGPA of 2.00; or

vii. Pass STPM or equivalent with a minimum Grade C (GP 2.00) in 1 subject; or

viii. Pass STAM with minimum grade of Maqbul; or

ix. Other qualifications recognized as equivalent by the Malaysian Government.

Note: Matured students above the age of 20 years with working experience can also apply provided they pass the APEL Assessment Test conducted by OUM.

Tuition Fee

The total tuition fee For the Dipolma programme at OUM is RM 12, 780.  The Duration of the course is four years. Financial aid is available to those who are eligible from:


2) EPF (Account 2)

3) Education or Personal Loan from commercial banks

4) HRDF (subject to employer’s eligibility)

5) OUM Flexible Payment Scheme.

The OUM Advantage

Those who are interested in pursuing the Diploma programme with OUM have the added advantage to “ Word and Study”.

If you are a school leaver or an adult interested in this programme you can work and take up this course on a part-time basis. For details contact the nearest OUM centre.

by Krishnan
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Permata will now be called Genius

April 15th, 2019
Education Minister Dr Maszlee said, adding that the decision was made by the Cabinet to make the programme more competitive. NSTP/ROSELA ISMAIL
By Azzman Abdul Jamal - April 15, 2019 @ 5:10pm

NILAI: The National Permata programme (Permata) will now be called Genius as it is set to undergo a rebranding process, according to Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik.

“Eventhough its role and functions remain the same, several programmes within it will be enhanced in terms of quality,” Dr Maszlee said, adding that the decision was made by the Cabinet to make the programme more competitive.

Dr Maszlee was speaking after attending a programme at Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan (SMK) Desa Cempaka, here, today.

Permata, a programme for early childhood education in Malaysia, was the brainchild of Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor, wife of former premier Datuk Seri Najib Razak.

Following Pakatan Harapan (PH) taking over the federal government from Barisan Nasional (BN), assurance was given that the programme would be retained but an audit would be conducted and improvements would be considered.

By Azzman Abdul Jamal.

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